地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (12): 1926-1938.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201512006

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京津冀生产性服务业空间分工特征及溢出效应

席强敏1,3(), 李国平2,3()   

  1. 1. 南开大学经济学院,天津 300071
    2. 北京大学政府管理学院,北京 100871
    3. 京津冀协同发展联合创新中心,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-24 修回日期:2015-06-17 出版日期:2015-12-25 发布日期:2016-01-05
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:席强敏(1986-), 男, 江西高安人, 讲师, 研究方向为区域经济、城市经济。E-mail: xqm815@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(15CJY055);国家自然科学基金项目(41171099);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金(14YJC790136);国家社会科学基金重大项目(11&ZD049) [Foundation: National Social Science Founation of China, No.15CJY055;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171099;Humanities and Social Science Research Youth Fund of Ministry of education, No.14YJC790136;The Major Program of the National Social Science Foundation of China, No.11&ZD049]

Characteristics and spillover effects of space division of producer service in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan region: Based on spatial panel model

Qiangmin XI1,3(), Guoping LI2,3()   

  1. 1. School of Economics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071,China
    2. School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    3. Innovation Consortium for Jing-Jin-Ji Collaborative Development, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2014-06-24 Revised:2015-06-17 Online:2015-12-25 Published:2016-01-05

摘要:

生产性服务业在京津冀地区的合理分工对于实现京津冀地区空间协调发展具有非常重要的推动作用。利用2003-2012年京津冀地区13个地级城市面板数据,测算了京津冀生产性服务业分工的空间特征与行业特征,并基于空间面板计量模型,实证检验了生产性服务业各行业在京津冀地区城市之间的空间外溢效应。主要结论:① 北京和天津在京津冀生产性服务业分工体系中都呈现出多样化的特征,而河北省11个城市则呈现出专业化特征,大多专注于金融服务业和交通运输业的发展;② 北京与天津之间的生产性服务业分工程度相对较低,并且从动态上两个城市的生产性服务业结构呈现趋同的趋势;③ 金融服务业、商务服务业、信服务业和交通运输业在京津冀地区的地方化程度较高,而科技服务业和房地产服务业的地方化程度则明显偏低。④ 地方化程度较低的科技服务业和房地产服务业在京津冀地区各城市间的空间外溢效应显著,但受交易成本和对“面对面”接触需求的影响,空间溢出效应随距离增加而衰减,在150 km范围内的空间溢出效应最强;而地方化程度相对较高的交通运输业、金融服务业和商务服务业的空间外溢效应则不显著。信息服务业在京津冀地区城市间的溢出仅体现在相邻城市之间。实证结果一定程度上反映生产性服务业各行业的地方化程度越低,城市之间的空间溢出越易实现。

关键词: 区域产业分工, 生产性服务业, 空间溢出效应, 空间面板计量, 京津冀

Abstract:

The rational space division of producer services in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan region plays an extremely important role in promoting coordinated and integrated regional development. In this research, we use the prefecture-level panel data of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan region for the period of 2003-2012 to estimate the spatial characteristics and industrial features of the producer service division in the region. We also estimate the spatial spillover effects of various producer service industries among the cities on the basis of a spatial panel econometric model. The main conclusions can be drawn as follows. (1) Beijing and Tianjin exhibit diversification in the division system of their producer services, whereas 11 cities in Hebei Province show specialization, mostly focusing on the development of their financial service and transportation sectors. (2) The division index of the producer services between Beijing and Tianjin is relatively low, and the producer service structures of these cities show a convergence trend. (3) The division indexes of the financial, business, and information service sectors in the region are relatively high, whereas those of the technology and real estate service sectors are significantly low. (4) The spillover effects of the real estate and technology service sectors with a low division index are remarkable. However, as a result of the limitation of transaction cost and the demand for "face-to-face" contact, the spatial spillovers perform best at a distance of around 150 km. When the distance goes beyond this specified range, the spatial spillovers are evidently reduced. The spillover effects of the transportation, finance service, and business service sectors with a high division index are not significant and should improve the industrial linkage between cities in the future. The scope of the spatial effect of the information service sector is exceedingly limited, as it only reflects the correlation among neighboring cities. Results of this study demonstrate that spatial spillover performs satisfactorily, whereas the localization of the service sector is poor.

Key words: regional industrial division, producer service, spatial spillover effect, spatial panel econometrics, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan region