地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (12): 1884-1896.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201512003

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宁夏农业综合开发战略转型区划研究

史文娇1(), 胡云锋1, 石晓丽2,3, 王宗1,4, 闫慧敏1, 任博1, 匡文慧1, 徐新良1, 陈延5, 武东波5, 徐自为6   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 河北师范大学资源与环境科学学院,石家庄 050024
    3. 河北省环境演变与生态建设实验室,石家庄 050024
    4. 中国地质大学地球科学与资源学院,北京 100083
    5. 宁夏回族自治区农业综合开发办公室,银川 750011
    6. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-04 修回日期:2015-09-06 出版日期:2015-12-25 发布日期:2016-01-05
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:史文娇(1982-), 女, 辽宁葫芦岛人, 博士, 副研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110008514M), 研究方向为全球变化与区域农业。E-mail: shiwj@lreis.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41371002, 41301355, 41401113);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05090310);中国科学院科技服务网络计划(STS计划)(KFJ-EW-STS-019-01) [Foundation: National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371002, No.41301355, No.41401113;The Science and Technology Strategic Pilot of the Chinese Academy of Science, NoXDA05090310;Science and Technology Service Network Initiative, NoKFJ-EW-STS-019-01]

Strategy transformation regionalization for the agricultural comprehensive development in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China

Wenjiao SHI1(), Yunfeng HU1, Xiaoli SHI2,3, Zong WANG1,4, Huimin YAN1, Bo REN1, Wenhui KUANG1, Xinliang XU1, Yan CHEN5, Dongbo WU5, Ziwei XU6   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Environmental Evolvement and Ecological Construction of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    4. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
    5. Ningxia Agricultural Comprehensive Development Office, Yinchuan 750011, China
    6. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2015-05-04 Revised:2015-09-06 Online:2015-12-25 Published:2016-01-05

摘要:

农业综合开发战略转型区划研究,是科学适应新形势下国家对农业综合开发提出的“坚持可持续、提升竞争力”要求的前提和基础。针对已有农业区划的单一目标和单一类型划分问题,以宁夏为例,基于农业相关的耕地、气候、水、地形、地貌、项目布局、生态规划等空间数据,采用地理学综合区划的方法,提出了动态与静态结合、定性与定量结合、农业与生态结合的13项多维指标体系,提出了合理且可操作的技术流程,科学划分了包含过渡类型的一级区划(7大类型:重点开发区、“重点+限制”开发区、保护性开发区、“保护+限制”开发区、“限制+重点”开发区、“限制+保护”开发区和限制性开发区)和二级区划(24个亚类),实现了农业可持续和生态环境保护的双重目标。本文是国家财政部明确提出农业综合开发要科学划分重点开发区、保护性开发区和限制性开发区之后,首次实现在省(区)级以乡(镇)为单位的科学划分,可为今后农业综合开发战略转型项目的科学布局和精准投入提供重要依据,为宁夏农业综合开发战略转型工作的具体落地实施提供科学保障,同时也可为其他省份或地区的农业综合开发战略转型区划工作提供有益参考。

关键词: 农业综合开发, 宁夏, 农业区划, 可持续发展, 指标体系

Abstract:

Strategy transformation regionalization for the agricultural comprehensive development (ACD) was presented by Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China (MOF) in 2014. It is the premise and basis of the adaptation to the requirement of insisting sustainable development and improving competitive power in the new situation of agriculture. Based on the environment factors related to agriculture, like cropland, climate, water resource, terrain, geomorphology, project pattern, ecology, etc., we built 13 indices using the geographic comprehensive regionalization method. The indices are considered in the combination of dynamic and static, qualitative and quantitative, as well as agricultural and ecological factors. Also, the reasonable and operable technique flow was presented for the regionalization. Finally, this paper gave the strategy transformation regionalization for ACD in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China. The regionalization included seven types (prioritized, protective, restricted regions and four transitional types including prioritized and restricted, protective and restricted region, restricted and prioritized, restricted and protective regions) and 24 subtypes. The regionalization results showed that prioritized regions are mainly in the northern Ningxia, which is the best region for agriculture. The protective and restricted regions are in the central and southern Ningxia. In the central Ningxia, drought is the limiting factor for agriculture, and water saving projects should be supported. The ecological environment is fragile in the southern Ningxia, so the ecological agriculture should be applied. This regionalization was presented for two goals: agricultural conservation and eco-environmental protection. This research is the requirement of scientific regionalization including three types of regions (prioritized, protective, restricted regions) presented by the MOF, and it is also applied at the town scale in the provincial or autonomous region for the first time. This study can be an important basis for the overall layout of the strategy transformation for the ACD. It not only presents the foundation of the application of the strategy transformation for the ACD in Ningxia, but also gives the reference to other provinces for the regionalization of the ACD.

Key words: agricultural comprehensive development (ACD), Ningxia, regionalization, sustainable development, indices