地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (12): 1859-1869.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201512001

• •    下一篇

土壤安全:从地球关键带到生态系统服务

朱永官1,2(), 李刚1, 张甘霖3, 傅伯杰2,4()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院城市环境研究所 中国科学院城市环境与健康重点实验室,厦门 361021
    2. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心 城市与区域生态国家重点实验室,北京 100085
    3. 中国科学院南京土壤研究所 土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室,南京 210008
    4. 北京大学城市与环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-05 修回日期:2015-11-20 出版日期:2015-12-25 发布日期:2016-01-05
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱永官(1967-), 男, 浙江桐乡人, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事土壤生物地球化学研究。E-mail: ygzhu@iue.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41390464) [Foundation: National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41390464]

Soil security: From Earth's critical zone to ecosystem services

Yongguan ZHU1,2(), Gang LI1, Ganlin ZHANG3, Bojie FU2,4()   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, CAS, Xiamen 361021, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
    3. Institute of Soil Science, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
    4. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2015-11-05 Revised:2015-11-20 Online:2015-12-25 Published:2016-01-05

摘要:

土壤是人类赖以生存和文明建设的重要基础资源。作为地球关键带的核心要素,土壤圈是地球表层系统最为活跃的圈层,而且土壤过程是控制地球关键带中物质、能量和信息流动与转化的重要节点。由于土壤的多重功能不断得到重视,传统的土壤概念已经无法全面反应土壤的功能和作用,为此本文提出了土壤安全的概念。土壤安全是一种基于土壤可持续发展目标而提出一种系统战略框架,为土壤资源的可持续利用和保护提供了理论基础。本文重点论述了地球关键带和土壤安全的内涵以及两者之间的差异和紧密关系。此外,还对土壤安全框架下的生态系统服务进行了梳理和总结,最后对面向生态系统服务的土壤安全需求进行了展望。

关键词: 土壤圈, 土壤安全, 地球关键带, 生态系统服务

Abstract:

Soil is an important natural resource that humans rely on and civilization is based upon. As the critical component of the Earth's critical zone, pedosphere is most active in Earth's surface system. Moreover, soil processes are considered as the control point for the flows and transformations of material, energy and information. In wake of the increasing attention to soil's multi-functions, traditional soil concept on its functions and roles is being challenged. Therefore, the concept of soil security is proposed, which is a strategic framework with the aim of soil sustainable development, and it can provide guidelines for the sustainable utilization and conservation of soil resources. In this review, the connotations of Earth's critical zone and soil security, and the difference and close relationship between each other are discussed. The ecosystem services in the framework of soil security are summarized. Finally, perspectives on future soil security research needs in the context of ecosystem services are proposed.

Key words: pedosphere, soil security, Earth's critical zone, ecosystem services