地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (10): 1552-1565.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201510002

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天津自由贸易试验区发展演化动力机制

孟广文1(), 王洪玲1,2, 杨爽1   

  1. 1. 天津师范大学城市与环境科学学院 天津师范大学自由经济区研究所,天津 300387
    2. 北京师范大学天津附属中学,天津 300222
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-15 修回日期:2015-05-18 出版日期:2015-10-20 发布日期:2015-11-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:孟广文(1960-), 男, 天津人, 博士, 教授, 主要研究方向为经济地理、区域规划和区域政策、德国人文地理。E-mail: gwmeng98@hotmail.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41171102, 413101012, 41571114)

Study on evolution and dynamic mechanism of Tianjin Pilot Free Trade Zone

Guangwen MENG1(), Hongling WANG1,2, Shuang YANG1   

  1. 1.College of Urban and Environmental Science, Institute of Free Economic Zone, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2.The Affiliated High School of Beijing Normal University, Tianjin 300222, China
  • Received:2014-12-15 Revised:2015-05-18 Online:2015-10-20 Published:2015-11-13
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171102, No.413101012, No.41571114

摘要:

自由经济区作为经济全球化和区域经济一体化的产物,近年来已成为促进各国,尤其是发展中国家经济发展的增长极、城市化的驱动力以及制度创新的重要平台。在中国,为应对全球化与世界贸易格局的新挑战,增强深化改革开放新动力,实施国家“一带一路”和京津冀一体化发展战略,贸易型自由经济区如自由贸易区的建设显得尤为迫切。目前一些专家学者对自由经济区发展规律与影响因素进行了定性分析与归纳,但运用定量研究方法从动力机制角度探讨其演化规律的研究还不多见。因此,本文在借鉴国内外关于自由经济区理论及案例研究基础上,应用访谈、问卷等形式采集数据,综合运用层次分析和模糊评价分析方法,选用政策、市场、环境、产业、要素、效益和创新驱动力7个要素,建立了自由经济区发展演化动力机制评价模型和指标体系;最后,运用该模型,结合天津滨海新区实际情况,系统分析了影响天津自由贸易试验区发展演化主要动力因子及动力机制,从而预测未来天津自由贸易试验区发展演化模式;最后,探讨了该研究对中国其他自由贸易试验区发展与演化的意义。本文对中国未来自由经济区的转型与发展以及理论研究具有参考价值。

关键词: 自由经济区, 自由贸易区, 动力机制, 模糊综合评价, 天津滨海新区

Abstract:

In recent years, the Free Economic Zones (FEZs), as a product of economic globalization and regional economic integration, have become the growth poles of economic development in developing countries, the motivations of urbanization and a significant stage for the reforms of related institutions. In China, there is an urgent need to construct free trade zones in order to meet the new challenges of globalization and international trade structure, to strengthen the reform motivation, and to carry out the national strategies of One Belt and One Road and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration. At present, some experts and scholars scrutinize the rules and factors contributing to FEZs' development based on the qualitative analysis. However, they are still confronted with less research on evolution law in FEZs on account of quantitative research methods. Therefore, this paper applies methodologies such as interview, and questionnaire to collect data based on domestic and overseas theories and case studies about FEZs. It also adopts the analysis of hierarchy process and fuzzy evaluation method, selects seven elements: policies, markets, environments, industries, inputs, benefits and innovativeness, and establishes the index system and evaluation model of FEZs' development evolution mechanism. Finally, with the aid of the model and combined with the actual situation of Tianjin Binhai New Area, the paper analyzes the main driving forces of Tianjin Pilot Free Trade Zone's development dynamic mechanism. This study is an asset to the transformation and development of the FEZs in China as well as further theoretical research in the future.

Key words: Free Economic Zone, Free Trade Zone, dynamic mechanism, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, Tianjin Binhai New Area