地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (7): 1125-1136.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201507009

• 气候变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于格点数据的1961-2012年祁连山面雨量特征分析

强芳(), 张明军(), 王圣杰, 刘杨民, 任正果, 朱小凡   

  1. 西北师范大学地理与环境科学学院,兰州 730070
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-13 修回日期:2015-04-12 出版日期:2015-07-20 发布日期:2015-08-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:强芳(1987-), 女, 甘肃武威人, 硕士生, 主要从事全球变化方面的研究。E-mail: geoqiangfang@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41461003);全球变化国家重大科学研究计划项目(2013CBA01801)

Changes of areal precipitation based on gridded dataset in Qilian Mountains during 1961-2012

Fang QIANG(), Mingjun ZHANG(), Shengjie WANG, Yangmin LIU, Zhengguo REN, Xiaofan ZHU   

  1. College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2015-01-13 Revised:2015-04-12 Online:2015-07-20 Published:2015-08-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41461003;National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program), No.2013CBA01801

摘要:

基于国家气象信息中心发布的全国0.5°×0.5°逐日降水量数据集和气象站点日降水量实测资料,利用主成分分析(PCA)和回归分析,研究了1961-2012年祁连山面雨量年际变化以及面雨量距平与干旱累计强度的关系。结果表明,该套格点数据能够很好地反映出祁连山及其周边区域降水的时空分布格局,山区降水量大于平原区降水量,山区东段降水量大于西段降水量。1961-2012年祁连山面雨量的多年平均值为724.9×108 m3,其中,春、夏、秋、冬的面雨量分别为118.9×108 m3、469.4×108 m3、122.5×108 m3、14.1×108 m3,夏季面雨量最大,占全年的64.76%。除春季外,其他季节面雨量都呈现逐年增加趋势,夏季增幅最大,平均每年增加1.7×108 m3。山区面雨量与祁连山及其周边区域的干湿程度表现出较好的相关性,干旱累计强度与面雨量表现出负相关性,山区面雨量较多时这一地区的干旱强度也较弱。

关键词: 格点数据, 面雨量, 祁连山, 主成分分析, 干旱累计强度

Abstract:

Based on the 0.5°×0.5° daily gridded precipitation dataset and observations at meteorological stations released by the National Meteorological Information Center, the interannual variation of areal precipitation in the Qilian Mountains during 1961-2012 is investigated using principal component analysis (PCA) and regression analysis, and the relationship between areal precipitation anomaly and drought accumulation intensity is analyzed. The results indicate that the spatial distribution of precipitation in the Qilian Mountains can be well reflected by the gridded dataset. The gridded data-based precipitation in mountainous regions is generally larger than that in plain regions. Generally, there is more precipitation in the eastern section of the mountain range than in the western section. The annual mean areal precipitation in the Qilian Mountains is 724.9×108m3, and the seasonal means in spring, summer, autumn and winter are 118.9×108m3, 469.4×108m3, 122.5×108m3 and 14.1×108m3, respectively. Summer is a season with most areal precipitation, being approximately 64.76%. The areal precipitation in summer, autumn and winter shows an increasing trend, while spring presents a decreasing trend. Among the four seasons, summer has the largest trend magnitude of 1.7×108 m3 per year.

Key words: gridded dataset, areal precipitation, Qilian Mountains, principal component analysis, drought accumulation intensity