地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (6): 941-954.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201506008

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2000-2010年广州市住房产权管理角色变化分析

刘望保1(), 闫小培2()   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院,广州 510631
    2. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-03 修回日期:2015-02-12 出版日期:2015-06-20 发布日期:2015-07-16
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘望保(1975-), 男, 博士, 教授, 中国地理学会会员(S110007720M), 主要从事城市社会地理研究。E-mail:wbliu@scnu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41001088);教育部人文社科青年项目(09YJC840016);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)前期研究专项(2014CB460614)

Role Changes in Housing Tenure Governance during 2000-2010 in Guangzhou

Wangbao LIU1(), Xiaopei YAN2()   

  1. 1. College of Geography Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    2. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2014-04-03 Revised:2015-02-12 Online:2015-06-20 Published:2015-07-16
  • Supported by:
    Fund of National Natural Science, No.41001088;Fund of Social Sciences Research, Ministry of Education, No.09YJC840016;The National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program), No.2014CB460614

摘要:

中国城镇住房分配从再分配体制向市场化为主的分配体制转变,深刻地影响政府、单位和市场在住房产权管理角色上的变化。利用广州市老八区的“五普”和“六普”数据,从住房产权结构变化、住房产权选择和住房产权空间形态等角度,分析政府、单位和市场在住房供应、分配和空间配置等住房产权管理中的角色变化。广州市2000年以来的住房产权结构变化反映了单位退出住房供应角色、政府保障房供应力度不够、市场成为最主要住房供应主体等特征。住房产权选择影响因素表明家庭与单位、政府之间的组织联系逐步弱化,与市场间的社会联系日益成为主导,家庭生命周期、家庭收入等体现家庭与市场间的市场联系变量成为城镇居民住房选择的最显著影响变量。住房产权空间形态重构表明,2000-2010年间,中心城区单位提供的体制内住房比重大幅度下降,并逐步被体制外住房所替代,政府提供的体制内住房则向郊区或近郊区形成集聚,导致体制内外住房空间布局出现一定“倒置”,住房来源过度市场化、住房供应主体变化和级差地租等因素是其重要形成原因。研究还显示,单位不再承担住房供应任务后,尽管政府在住房调控上起到重要作用,但未充分承担起住房供应任务,城镇居民住房来源“过度市场化”趋势。为此,政府应加大保障房建设力度,并在区位上力求分散、均衡和避免郊区化,以避免加重保障房社区居民居住空间和社会空间上的双重边缘化。随着城市住房市场化的深入发展,中国城市大规模的房地产开发和政府房地产调控政策的制订过程中,更应关注快速全球化、现代化和市场化背景下居民家庭结构、社会经济地位等体现家庭与市场间的社会联系的变量对居民住房选择偏好的影响。

关键词: 住房产权, 空间形态, 住房管理, 广州市

Abstract:

The urban housing distribution system in China has transformed from a redistribution system to a market-oriented distribution system. This shift has profoundly affected the role changes for the government, work unit, and market under housing tenure governance. This study used the fifth and sixth census data of the original eight districts of Guangzhou to determine the role changes for the government, work unit, and market in terms of housing supply, distribution, and spatial configuration. First, the change in the structure of housing tenure in Guangzhou from 2000 to 2010 reflected several characteristics. For instance, the work unit no longer assumed a role in housing supply, the affordable housing supply of the government was inadequate, and the market became the main supplier of housing. Second, the choice in housing tenure during this period reflected the gradual weakening of the institutional relationship between the household and the government or work unit. Moreover, the market linkages between the household and the market increasingly became a leading linkage. The variables manifesting market relationship, such as life cycle and household income, were expected to have a distinct impact on the choice in housing tenure of urban residents. Third, the restructuring of the spatial pattern in housing tenure indicated that from 2000 to 2010, the proportion of system internal housing substantially declined in the central city and was gradually replaced by system external housing. System internal housing provided by the government became more concentrated in the suburban or near suburban areas. These conditions demonstrated the reversal of the spatial distribution of system internal and external housing to some extent. These changes in spatial patterns were the result of the excessive marketization of housing sources among urban residents, changes in housing suppliers, differences in land rental costs, and so on. Although the government played an important role in the regulation of the housing market, the provision of affordable housing was evidently inadequate, as indicated in the housing tenure structure after the work unit no longer assumed its task in the housing supply. Hence, housing sources for urban residents showed evident trends of excessive marketization. The government should expand the construction of affordable housing and ensure that location choices for affordable housing are dispersed, and regional balanced, and avoid suburban to avoid duple-marginalization in residential space and social space for residents in affordable communities. With the development of the urban housing market, the impacts of certain factors relating to the market relationship between households and the market on urban residents' housing preference should be closely examined in the process of large-scale real estate marketization development and the formulation of policies that will allow the government to regulate housing development. These factors include changes of household structure and social economic status for urban residents under the background of rapid globalization, modernization and marketization.

Key words: housing tenure, spatial pattern, housing governance, Guangzhou