地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (3): 447-460.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201503008

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人工地貌学研究进展

李加林1,2(), 杨磊1, 杨晓平1   

  1. 1. 宁波大学 城市科学系,浙江 宁波 315211
    2. 浙江省海洋文化与经济研究中心,浙江 宁波 315211
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-18 修回日期:2015-01-29 出版日期:2015-03-20 发布日期:2015-06-14
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李加林(1973-), 男, 浙江台州人, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员(ZJ098), 主要从事自然地理与海岸地貌学研究。E-mail: nbnj2001@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41171073, 41471004, 40701006);浙江省自然科学基金(Y5110321)

Progress in anthropogenic geomorphology

Jialin LI1,2(), Lei YANG1, Xiaoping YANG1   

  1. 1. Department of Scientific Research of the urban, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
    2. Ocean Culture and Economic Research Center, Zhejiang Province, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2014-12-18 Revised:2015-01-29 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-06-14
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171073, No.41471004, No.40701006;Natural Science Foundation of Zhejiang province, No.Y5110321

摘要:

随着人类改造自然能力的不断提高,人类活动已成为现代地貌过程的第三造貌力,人工地貌是人类造貌营力在自然地理背景下与自然营力协同作用塑造的具有人文特征的地貌体。文章从人工地貌学的提出、人工地貌营力与地貌分类、人工地貌变迁、人工地貌演化的影响机制、人工地貌的地图表达、人工地貌的环境影响等方面综述了人工地貌学的主要研究进展。并展望了人工地貌学的未来发展方向,指出未来人工地貌学的研究需加强人工地貌学学科体系建设、人工地貌的物质构成与形态特征、人工地貌空间扩张过程及其发育规律、人工地貌的区域差异及累积地貌环境效应、人工地貌环境管理及国际比较等研究。

关键词: 人工地貌学, 第三造貌力, 人工地貌演化, 城市人工地貌学, 人工地貌管理

Abstract:

With the improving capabilities of human beings in remaking the nature, human activity has become the third morphotectonic force during the modern geomorphological process. The effect of human activities on original geomorphological features of earth surface is extremely obvious, in some aspects, the energy level of its remarking forces in earth environment even surpasses that of natural forces. Accordingly various man-made landforms generate from different natural geomorphological structures. Man-made landform is a humanistic-featured landform shaped by the coordinated morphotectonic forces from human and nature within a certain natural geographical background. This paper first summarizes main research progress of man-made geomorphology from the following aspects, namely, the origin of anthropogenic geomorphology, man-made landform agents and geomorphology categorization, the evolution of man-made landforms and its influencing mechanism, map presentation of man-made landforms and the effects of man-made landforms on the environment. After that, this paper pointed out that man-made geomorphology has attracted much attention from researchers, however, many problems on the object, content, methodology and theoretical system in current studies need to be solved. The study of man-made geomorphology should refer to research achievements in relevant subjects and modern geo-information techniques, so as to raise our cognitive levels and examine the vitality, characteristics and scientific meanings of this discipline. Finally, this study forecasted the progress of man-made geomorphology, and argued that future study in anthropogenic geomorphology should strengthen the construction in the disciplinary system of anthropogenic geomorphology, constituent materials and morphologic characteristics, spatial expansion process and the evolution laws, regional variations and accumulative environment effects from man-made landform, environment management and international comparative study of man-made landforms, which will promote the development of anthropogenic geomorphology and the process of man-made landforms in modern social and economic constructions.

Key words: anthropogenic geomorphology, the third morphotectonic force, man-made landform evolution, urban anthropogenic geomorphology, man-made landform management