地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (2): 319-332.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201502012

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南海周边海岸带开发利用空间分异

张君珏1,2(), 苏奋振1,3(), 左秀玲1,2, 方月2,4, 杨娟5   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3. 中国南海研究协同创新中心,南京 210023
    4.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐 830011
    5. 中国地质大学信息工程学院,武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-18 修回日期:2014-12-03 出版日期:2015-02-20 发布日期:2015-06-17
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:张君珏(1987-), 女, 湖北省鄂州市人, 博士, 从事海岸带遥感、GIS应用研究。E-mail: zhangjj@lreis.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划) (2012AA12A406);国家自然科学基金项目(41271409)

Research on the spatial differentiation of coastal land development surrounding South China Sea

Junjue ZHANG1,2(), Fenzhen SU1,3(), Xiuling ZUO1,2, Yue FANG2,4, Juan YANG5   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3. Collaborative Innovation Center for the South China Sea Studies, Nanjing 210023, China
    4. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
    5. Faculty of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2014-03-18 Revised:2014-12-03 Online:2015-02-20 Published:2015-06-17
  • Supported by:
    National High Technology Research And Development Program (863 Program), No.2012AA12A406;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271409

摘要:

基于不透水面提取技术、分段分带法和不平等度指数,分析了2010年南海周边海岸带开发利用格局的岸段分异性和沿岸地带性特征及其与海岸地貌、地理区位之间的关系。研究表明:① 南海周边海岸带开发利用空间分异明显,新加坡、中国开发强度较高,柬埔寨、印度尼西亚开发强度较低。② 南海周边海岸带土地开发强度呈现空间聚集状态,形成了以中国珠江三角洲、泰国湄南河三角洲、马六甲海峡、文莱、菲律宾马尼拉湾为中心的高聚集地区。③ 海岸带土地开发强度因海岸区位、海岸地貌差异呈现地带性特征,近岸带开发强度高于远岸带,河口岸开发强度高于其他岸段。

关键词: 南海, 海岸带, 土地开发强度, 中国

Abstract:

Based on impervious surface extraction technology, segmental and zonal partition method and inequality index, this paper presented the development and utilization information in coastal zones surrounding the South China Sea in 2010, and analyzed the spatial differentiation along the coastal and zonal features from coast to inland areas. Then, it discussed the relationships between coastal zone development and coastal geomorphology, geographical location and natural conditions. Results suggested that: first, the development and utilization in this region differed greatly; development intensity in Singapore and China was much higher, while development intensity in Cambodia and Indonesia was relatively low. Second, coastal land development surrounding the South China Sea presented a spatial aggregation, and formed high-gathering areas centered on the Pearl River Delta of China, Thailand Chao Phraya River Delta, Singapore, the Straits of Malacca, Brunei, and the Manila Bay of Philippines. Third, the development intensity of coastal land showed zonal differences due to the coastal location and coastal geomorphology differences; areas close to the coast showed higher development intensity than areas far away from the coast, and coast in the estuary showed higher development intensity than other coasts.

Key words: South China Sea, coastal zone, development intensity