地理学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (2): 179-185.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201502001

• •    下一篇

关于“国家新型城镇化规划(2014-2020)”编制大背景的几点认识

陆大道(), 陈明星   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-12 修回日期:2015-01-21 出版日期:2015-02-20 发布日期:2015-06-17
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:陆大道(1940-), 男, 安徽桐城人, 研究员, 中国科学院院士, 主要从事生产力布局、国土开发、区域发展和城镇化问题研究。E-mail: ludd@igsnrr.ac.cn

Several viewpoints on the background of compiling the "National New Urbanization Planning (2014-2020)"

Dadao LU(), Mingxing CHEN   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2015-01-12 Revised:2015-01-21 Online:2015-02-20 Published:2015-06-17

摘要:

“国家新型城镇化规划(2014-2020)”标志着中国城镇化发展的重大转型,核心是强调了人的城镇化,总体要求是“稳中求进”。本文着重从发展速度和发展质量方面阐述了对这个规划产生背景的初步认识。城镇化发展水平应当与城镇产业结构转型和新增就业岗位、城镇实际吸纳农村人口的能力、以及水土资源和环境承载力等保持一致。中国大规模高速发展的城镇化,付出的环境污染代价巨大,基础设施不堪重负,自然资源的支撑力面临严重的困难。城镇化是具有明显交叉学科特性的重要前沿科学问题,是一个复杂系统。人文经济地理学的跨学科性质在城镇化研究领域具有突出优势和较为扎实的研究基础,面向国家新型城镇化的重大现实需求,还非常需要对这一重大领域进行深入的跟踪和研究。

关键词: 新型城镇化, 规划编制, 背景, 认识

Abstract:

The "National New Urbanization Planning (2014-2020)" (hereinafter referred to as "Planning") marks a significant transformation in China's urbanization development process, with the core of human urbanization, and the general requirement of seeking advance in stability. This paper elaborates the authors' preliminary thoughts on the formation of the "Planning" mainly from the speed and quality aspects of the urbanization development. Urbanization level should be consistent with industrial restructuring, the amount of new jobs, the actual ability of absorbing rural population, and water-soil resource and environment capacity of the urban area, etc. The large scale and high speed urbanization development in China has resulted in severe environment pollution, great pressures on the infrastructure, and huge challenge to the supporting capacity of natural resources. Urbanization is an important frontier scientific issue with obvious cross disciplinary feature, which is also a complex system. The interdisciplinary human economic geography has outstanding advantages and solid research foundation in the field of urbanization research. Therefore, facing the significant realistic demand of the national new urbanization, we should do some in-depth research and tracking studies in this field.

Key words: new urbanization, planning compilation, background, viewpoints