地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (11): 1628-1639.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201411004

• • 上一篇    下一篇

基于空间与区域视角的生态系统服务地理学框架

李双成(), 王珏, 朱文博, 张津, 刘娅, 高阳, 王阳, 李琰   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院, 地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-18 修回日期:2014-09-24 出版日期:2014-11-20 发布日期:2014-11-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:李双成 (1961-), 男, 教授, 博士, 中国地理学会会员 (S110006531M)。E-mail: scli@urban.pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目 (41130534, 41371096)

Research framework of ecosystem services geography from spatial and regional perspectives

Shuangcheng LI(), Jue WANG, Wenbo ZHU, Jin ZHANG, Ya LIU, Yang GAO, Yang WANG, Yan LI   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2014-03-18 Revised:2014-09-24 Published:2014-11-20 Online:2014-11-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41130534, No.41371096

摘要:

生态系统服务研究现已成为国内外的研究热点。回顾生态系统服务研究的历程可以发现,研究范式正在从自然科学研究范式向自然科学与社会科学综合研究范式转向。生态系统服务研究更加重视时空异质性、更加关注流动性与区域效应,更加强调生态系统服务对人类福祉的作用。在生态系统结构、过程与功能─服务─人类收益与福祉级联框架中,地理学的主要分支都可以找到自身的研究议题。在此过程中,逐渐建构起来的生态系统服务地理学,不仅可以为生态系统服务研究提供学科支撑,同时可以丰富和拓展地理学的研究内容。本文在评述生态系统服务研究历程和发展趋势的基础上,分析了地理学参与生态系统服务研究的逻辑必然性以及面临的机遇与挑战。为了推进生态系统服务研究的“地理化”转向,我们提议发展生态系统服务地理学,并初步描绘了生态系统服务地理学的学科框架,包括定义、研究范畴、研究内容及主要研究议题等。

关键词: 生态系统服务地理学, 空间与区域视角, 研究范式

Abstract:

The research on ecosystem services has become a hotspot in ecology, geography and other related disciplines at home and abroad. Through reviewing the history of ecosystem service study, it can be found that the research has been gradually transformed from rational paradigm to regional paradigm, and from natural science paradigm to integrated paradigm between natural science and social science. It was characterized by increasing attention to spatiotemporal heterogeneity, spatial flow ability and regional features, and links between ecosystem services and human welfare. Almost all the subdisciplines of geography can find their own research themes in the cascade framework of ecosystem structure and function-service-human benefits and welfare. Due to more participation in the study area of ecosystem services, the geography of ecosystem services which is being constructed as a new branch of geography, not only plays a more important role in the research of ecosystem services, but also can extend the study scope of geography. Based on reviewing the historical process and development trend of the ecosystem service research, the logical necessity, opportunities and challenges of geography in ecosystem services research were analyzed in this paper. To promote the transform of ecosystem service research into geographical context, we proposed that the geography of ecosystem service should be established and well defined as an independent branch of geography. Moreover, a preliminary framework of geography of ecosystem service was described, including the definition, research scope and contents, and the subject position in geography.

Key words: ecosystem services geography, spatial and regional perspective, research paradigm