地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (10): 1521-1532.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201410011

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文化地理学概念、理论的逻辑关系之分析——以“学科树”分析近年中国大陆文化地理学进展

周尚意(), 戴俊骋   

  1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-08 修回日期:2014-08-21 出版日期:2014-10-20 发布日期:2014-12-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:周尚意 (1960-), 女, 广西人, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会常务理事 (S110001105M)。研究方向为文化地理学。E-mail: twizsy@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271152)

Logic analysis of concept and theory of cultural geography:Progress in cultural geography in China's Mainland during the past decade

Shangyi ZHOU(), Juncheng DAI   

  1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2014-04-08 Revised:2014-08-21 Online:2014-10-20 Published:2014-12-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271152

摘要:

梳理近年中国大陆文化地理学进展,需要说明近年代表性的研究课题或著述与文化地理学学科体系之间的关系。1990-2005年中国大陆文化地理学主要从五个文化地理学主题开展研究。然而这五个主题之间的逻辑关系不十分清晰,也没有说清主要概念和理论之间的关系。因此本文首先搭建文化地理学的“学科树”。地理学的主要研究对象是“地方和区域”,文化地理学的目标是从文化的角度分析“地方”的形成机制。本文将这个研究目标作为文化地理学“学科树”的主干,此外建立了“层间关系”和“尺度转换”两个分支,它们是探究地方性的两类方法。本文其次将文化地理学涉及的主要概念和理论分别挂在主干和两个分支上,并努力呈现出主要概念和理论出现的先后顺序,揭示文化地理学的发展进程。本文最后用“学科树”,分析了中国大陆主要文化地理学研究者自己提出的代表性著述。分析的结果是:第一,关于地方形成机制的案例类型多样,多是基于结构主义认识论的分析。第二,关于层间关系的研究已经突破了自然与文化两层关系的分析,延展到文化各层之间的关系。第三,在不同尺度文化区转换的领域研究较薄弱。

关键词: 文化地理学, 学术树, 地方形成机制, 层间关系, 尺度关系

Abstract:

A review of progress in cultural geography in mainland of China during the past ten years needs to be discussed. This paper constructs an analysis system which recent research projects and publications relate to. Some articles reviewed the research of cultural geography by Chinese scholars based on the view angle of five themes in traditional cultural geography. However, they did not tell the logical relation between key concepts and theories. The method of this paper is constructivism. It takes references to build up a "genealogy tree" of cultural geography. The main object in geography is "place and region". Cultural geography seeks to analyze the mechanism of place from the perspective of culture. This is the trunk of the "genealogy tree". "Relationships between layers" and "scaling of place" are two branches of this tree. They are two methods to explore place. This paper also puts main concepts and theories to the "tree". The three conclusions are as follows. The first is that many case studies done by Chinese cultural geographers are on mechanism of place making. Most are based on the methodology of structuralism. The second is that the major development by Chinese cultural geographers is increasing the volume of case studies which refer to interaction between different layers of cultural system, which do not only refer to nature-society nexus. The third is about scale conversion issues of cultural areas. Chinese cultural geographers have started to pay attention to this poorly developed theme.

Key words: cultural geography, genealogy tree, relationships between layers, scale conversion, mechanism of place making