地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (10): 1459-1472.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201410006

• • 上一篇    下一篇

基于生活质量导向的乡村聚落空间优化研究

唐承丽1(), 贺艳华1, 周国华1, 曾山山2, 肖路遥1   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院, 长沙 410081
    2.望城区城乡规划局, 长沙 410200
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-04 修回日期:2014-08-08 出版日期:2014-10-20 发布日期:2014-12-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:唐承丽 (1964-), 女, 湖南浏阳人, 副教授, 主要研究方向为人文地理与区域发展。E-mail: tclxy66@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目 (41471145);国家社会科学基金项目 (07BJL033);湖南省重点学科地理学建设项目 (2011001)

The research on optimization mode of spatial organization of rural settlements oriented by life quality

Chengli TANG1(), Yanhua HE1, Guohua ZHOU1, Shanshan ZENG2, Luyao XIAO1   

  1. 1. Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. Urban and rural planning bureau of Wangcheng district, Changsha 410200, China
  • Received:2014-05-04 Revised:2014-08-08 Online:2014-10-20 Published:2014-12-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41471145;National Social Science Foundation of China, No.41201169;The key discipline of Hunan Province Geography Construction Project, No.2011001

摘要:

引入“生活质量理论”,基于乡村聚落空间与生活质量的双向循环互动机理,从乡村聚落空间功能整合、空间结构优化、空间尺度调控等三个方面研究乡村聚落空间优化问题,试图构建有效提高生活质量的乡村聚落空间优化框架与模式。研究认为:① 聚落是生活质量的空间载体,生活质量是聚落的本质内容,乡村聚落与生活质量相互促进、相互影响,构建科学合理的乡村聚落空间是提高农民生活质量的重要前提。② 乡村聚落空间功能类型可以划分为生计维持型功能、产业发展型功能与品质提升型功能,生活质量导向的乡村聚落空间功能优化,重点在于提升生计维持型功能,整合产业发展型功能,植入品质提升型功能。③ 乡村聚落空间结构优化的重点有两个方面,一是要促进居住空间、农业空间、工业空间有机集聚,社会交往空间、休闲空间、服务空间有机疏散,生活空间、生产空间、生态空间有机均衡,以实现聚落内部空间类型比例合理化与组合最优化;二是要通过聚居区位转换与聚落职能调整,移拆部分衰落村落,保留部分一般村落,扩大部分重点村落,新建部分新型村落,形成“综合村—特色村”的功能结构等级,构建以乡村公路为链接的聚落体系空间组织模式。④ RROD模式是基于生活质量导向的乡村聚落空间优化的理想模式,该模式的构建要合理确定聚落单体的规模尺度与聚落之间的距离尺度,引导形成结构合理、设施配套、功能完备、分布有序的RROD和RROD体系。

关键词: 乡村聚落, 生活质量, 空间优化, RROD模式

Abstract:

This paper introduces the "life quality theory". Based on the two-way interactive mechanism between space of rural settlements and the life quality, the paper researches the optimization mode of spatial organization of rural settlements in three aspects, which are the integration of rural settlement spatial functions, the optimization of spatial structure and the regulation of spatial scale, so as to build optimization mode and framework of spatial organization of rural settlements with high quality life. The study suggests that: (1) The settlement is the spatial carrier of life quality and the life quality is the essential content of settlements. The two mentioned above influence and improve each other. So, the reasonable rural settlement space is the important precondition for higher life quality. (2) The type of spatial function of rural settlements can be divided into livelihood maintaining, industrial developing and quality optimizing, and the optimization of spatial organization of rural settlements oriented by life quality requires promotion of livelihood maintaining, integration of industrial developing and engagement of quality optimizing. (3) There are two important aspects in the optimization of spatial organization of rural settlements. The one is to promote the organic concentration of living space, agricultural space and industrial space, the organic evacuation of social intercourse space, recreational space and services space, and the organic balance of living space, production space and ecological space, in order to realize the reasonable proportion and optimized combination of internal spatial type in settlements. And the other one is to form a functional structure level of "comprehensive village - featured village" and build spatial organization mode of settlements connected by rural roads by switching the location and adjusting the function, with the destruction of underdeveloped villages, the saving of normal villages, the enlargement of important villages, and the construction of new villages. (4) As an ideal mode of rural settlements space optimization oriented by life quality, RROD mode should be built at a rational scale of unit settlement and distance between settlements, leading to an RROD and RROD system with rational structure, auxiliary facility, fully function and well-organized distribution.

Key words: rural settlement, life quality, spatial optimization, RROD model