地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (10): 1449-1458.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201410005

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中国经济地理研究进展

刘志高1(), 王琛2, 李二玲3, 滕堂伟4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    2. 浙江大学地球科学系, 杭州 310027
    3. 河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封 475001
    4. 华东师范大学中国现代城市研究中心, 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-10 修回日期:2014-07-20 出版日期:2014-10-20 发布日期:2014-12-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:刘志高 (1974-), 男, 博士, 湖北省江陵县人, 中国地理学会会员 (S110008392M), 主要从事经济地理与区域发展。E-mail: liuzhigao@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目 (41201116, 41071096, 41125005)

Research progress of economic geography in China

Zhigao LIU1(), Chen WANG2, Erling LI3, Tangwei TENG4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Departments of Earth Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
    3. College of environment and planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, Henan, China
    4. China Center of Modern City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2014-05-10 Revised:2014-07-20 Online:2014-10-20 Published:2014-12-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41201116, No.41071096, No.41125005

摘要:

进入21世纪以来,各国经济地理学家纷纷开始回顾本国经济地理学的发展历程,并对未来研究进行了展望。中国经济地理学在实践中形成了具有中国特色的“实践派”,并开始国际化。科学认识和总结中国经济地理学取得成就、发展过程和特点是推进学科发展的前提。为此,在阐释经济地理学的社会功能和社会功能基础上,以中文核心期刊和SSCI数据有关中国经济地理研究论文为依据,借助于科学知识图谱方法和工具,刻画了1994年以来中国经济地理学发展总体情况、研究团队发展情况、研究热点及主要研究方向进展,揭示了中国经济地理学演进的基本规律性。论文关键词共现分析表明:中国经济地理学研究具有很强的问题导向性,很好地引领和回应了中国区域发展的需要。高产作者合作网络表明:经济地理学与城市地理学研究相互影响,密不可分;同时,中国经济地理学界已形成了具有明确研究传统的研究团队。海外学者和中国学者有关中国发表的SSCI高被引论文引文图谱分析表明:尽管国际上有关中国经济地理学的研究主要由海外华人学者主导,但中国本土学者在重要理论范式构建也做出了重要贡献。在上述科学计量分析基础上,并结合专家咨询意见,总结了区域差异、产业聚集、空间联系研究、区位论与产业布局研究、交通地理、生产者服务业、功能区划与典型地区规划、能源与碳排放、贸易与投资、信息技术与互联网等经济地理学分支研究领域进展和发展趋势。最后提出,在未来的研究中需要妥善处理好继承优良传统与锐利进取自由探索、具体研究方向与学科发展、处理好区域性研究与理论深化、人文与经济等关系。

关键词: 中国经济地理学, 学科发展, 研究进展, 科学计量学

Abstract:

Economic geography, as one of the most important branches of human geography, is a discipline of studying the space of economic activities. Entering the 21st century, economic geographers in various countries reviewed the developments of domestic economic geography, and forecasted the future research. China's economic geography has been driven by real-world questions, and practice-oriented studies, and is becoming internationalized. It is timely to reflect on achievements, the development processes and characteristics of China's economic geography, which is a precondition to further promote its development. After discussing academic function and social function of economic geography research, this article depicted the developments of economic geography research in China since 1994 from the terms of research teams, research focus and research directions, and revealed the basic drivers of the evolution of China's economic geography. The keywords co-occurrence analysis showed that China's economic geography research was problem-solving oriented, and promptly responded to the policy needs of the development of Chinese regions. The collaboration network of the most productive authors indicated that economic geography research and urban geography research have influenced and learned from each other, and several loosely linked research teams emerged. The analysis on the SSCI-listed economic geography articles written by overseas and indigenous scholars revealed that although the highly cited papers were dominated by overseas Chinese, indigenous scholars also made important contributions to theoretical development of this research field. Based on the quantitative analysis and expert consultation, the article summarized the development trends of the branches of China's economic geography research, including regional differences, industrial agglomeration, spatial link, location theory and industrial layout, transportation geography, producer services, functional zoning, typical area planning, energy and carbon emissions, international trade and FDI, information technology and the Internet. Finally, this paper strongly argued that four relations need to be properly handled in the future for the promotion of economic geography in China.

Key words: economic geography, China, discipline development, research progress, scientometrics

中图分类号: 

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