地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (10): 1414-1424.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201410002

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区域能源消费与经济和环境绩效——基于14个能源输出和输入大省的实证研究

薛静静1(), 沈镭2, 彭保发1, 刘立涛2   

  1. 1. 湖南文理学院资源环境与旅游学院, 湖南 常德 415000
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2013-10-20 修回日期:2014-06-06 出版日期:2014-10-20 发布日期:2014-12-11
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:薛静静 (1986-), 女, 山东省聊城人, 博士, 讲师, 主要研究方向为资源经济与政策、资源生态利用。E-mail: xuejingjing22@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目 (41271547);湖南省重点建设学科“产业经济学”;湖南文理学院重点建设学科“人文地理学”;湖南省哲学社会科学基金项目 (13YBB159)

The economic and environmental performance of regional energy consumption: An empirical study on 14 major energy output and input provinces in China

Jingjing XUE1(), Lei SHEN2, Baofa PENG1, Litao LIU2   

  1. 1. College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Hunan University of Arts and Science, Hunan Changde 415000, China
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resource Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2013-10-20 Revised:2014-06-06 Online:2014-10-20 Published:2014-12-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271547;Key Discipline of Hunan Province-Industrial Economics;Key Discipline of Hunan University of Arts and Science-Human Geography;Philosophy and Social Science Foundation of Hunan Province, No.13YBB159

摘要:

本文对中国的能源输出大省和能源输入大省进行了界定,运用DEA方法测度了2000-2010年能源输出和输入大省的能源消费经济绩效、环境绩效及节能潜力,对能源输出和输入大省的能源消费经济绩效、环境绩效特征进行系统归纳和比较,分析能源消费绩效形成原因,并利用Malmquist生产率指数方法对2000-2010年能源输出和输入大省的能源消费经济绩效、环境绩效变化趋势进行了深入研究,探讨提高能源输出和输入大省能源消费绩效的对策措施。研究结果表明:① 能源输出大省的能源消费绩效未达最优主要受规模效率制约,规模效率和纯技术效率对能源输入大省能源消费绩效未达最优的共同制约比较明显;② 能源输出大省的整体能源消费经济绩效改善落后于能源输入大省,但在环境绩效改善方面能源输出大省整体上强于能源输入大省;③ 技术进步是决定能源输出和输入大省能源消费绩效变化趋势的关键;④ 半数能源输出大省和大部分能源输入大省存在投入冗余现象,基于环境产出投入冗余远高于基于经济产出投入冗余,尤其是能源输入大省。

关键词: DEA和Malmquist方法, 能源输出、输入大省, 能源消费经济、环境绩效, 变化趋势, 节能潜力, 中国

Abstract:

This paper defines energy output and input provinces in China, and adopts DEA method to measure economic and environmental performance of energy consumption and energy saving potential for the energy output and input provinces from 2000 to 2010. The causes and characteristics of energy consumption performance are analyzed. The energy consumption performance of energy output provinces is compared with that of energy input provinces. Then, this paper uses the Malmquist index model to examine the changing trend of economic and environmental performance of energy consumption for the energy output and input provinces from 2000 to 2010. Finally, we discuss the strategies for promoting energy consumption performance of energy output and input provinces. The results show that, energy output provinces failing to reach optimal energy consumption performance are mainly restricted by scale efficiency, while energy input provinces are restricted by scale efficiency and pure technological efficiency. Energy consumption economic performance improvement of energy output provinces lags behind that of energy input provinces, but energy consumption environmental performance improvement of energy output provinces is better than that of energy input provinces. Technological progress is key to a changing trend of energy consumption performance. Half of the energy output provinces and most of the energy input provinces have input redundancy, and the input redundancy based on environmental output is much higher than that based on economic output, especially for the energy input provinces.

Key words: DEA and Malmquist index methods, major energy output and input provinces, economic and environmental performance of energy consumption, changing trend, energy saving potential, China