地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (9): 1268-1283.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201409003

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长江流域全新世环境考古研究进展

朱诚1(), 吴立2, 李兰3, 郑朝贵4, 李中轩5, 马春梅1, 谭艳1, 赵泉鸿6, 王坤华1, 林留根7, 江章华8, 丁金龙9, 孟华平10   

  1. 1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院, 南京 210023
    2. 安徽师范大学国土资源与旅游学院, 芜湖 241002
    3. 四川大学历史文化学院, 成都 610065
    4. 滁州学院地理信息与旅游学系, 滁州 239000
    5. 许昌学院城市与环境学系, 许昌 461000
    6. 同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室, 上海 200092
    7. 南京博物院江苏省考古研究所, 南京 210016
    8. 成都文物考古研究所, 成都 610000
    9. 苏州市考古研究所, 苏州 215005
    10. 湖北省文物考古研究所, 武汉 430077
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-06 修回日期:2014-06-07 出版日期:2014-09-17 发布日期:2014-11-19
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:朱诚 (1954-), 男, 安徽歙县人, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员 (S110002572M), 主要研究方向为全球变化与第四纪环境考古。E-mail: zhuchengnj@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目 (41371204, 41171163);国家科技基础性专项重点项目 (2013FY111900);湖泊与环境国家重点实验室开放基金项目 (2012SKL003);黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室开放基金项目 (SKLLQG1206);国家社会科学基金重大项目 (11&ZD183);国家科技支撑计划项目 (2013BAK08B02);江苏高校优势学科建设工程基金项目 (PAPD);国家基础科学人才培养基金项目 (J1103408)

Research progress on Holocene environmental archaeology in the Yangtze River Valley, China

Cheng ZHU1(), Li WU2, Lan LI3, Chaogui ZHENG4, Zhongxuan LI5, Chunmei MA1, Yan TAN1, Quanhong ZHAO6, Kunhua WANG1, Liugen LIN7, Zhanghua JIANG8, Jinlong DING9, Huaping MENG10   

  1. 1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. College of Territorial Resources and Tourism, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241002, Anhui, China
    3. School of History & Culture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
    4. Geographic Information and Tourism College, Chuzhou University, Chuzhou 239000, Anhui, China
    5. Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Xuchang University, Xuchang 461000, Henan, China 6. State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
    7. Jiangsu Provincial Institute of Archaeology, Nanjing Museum, Nanjing 210016, China
    8. Chengdu Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Chengdu 610000, China
    9. Suzhou Institute of Archaeology, Suzhou 215005, China
    10. Hubei Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Wuhan 430077, China
  • Received:2014-05-06 Revised:2014-06-07 Online:2014-09-17 Published:2014-11-19
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41371204,No.41171163;National Key Science and Technology Infrastructure Program, No.2013FY111900;Open Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, No.2012SKL003;Open Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, No.SKLLQG1206;Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China, No.11&ZD183;National Key Technology R&D Program, No.2013BAK08B02;Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, No.PAPD;Training Foundation for Natural Basic Science, No.J1103408

摘要:

长江流域是我国重要的经济区和人类文明孕育、诞生和发展区,也是水旱等自然灾害频繁发生的地区,在该区开展全新世环境考古研究,对弄清全新世10.0~3.0 ka BP无文字记载期的环境演变和人地关系互动影响有着重要的科学意义。近年来,长江流域全新世环境考古主要以古洪水和海面变化事件地层学为依据和线索,从遗址时空分布学研究、典型遗址考古地层学研究,以及区域内自然沉积地层记录的环境演变背景特征研究这三个方面入手,在长江流域的上、中、下游地区均获得了有重要意义的进展,表明长江流域全新世环境考古正在向更深更广的领域发展。同时,国际环境考古研究也在不断深入发展,新出版的PAGES Magazine杂志就特别关注了分辨率高达一年至数月的过去沉积记录;遥感、GIS等技术和DNA等分子生物学技术正不断在环境考古领域得到应用。

关键词: 长江流域, 全新世, 环境考古, 研究进展

Abstract:

The Yangtze River Valley is an important economic zone in China with a long history of human civilization. However, natural disasters, such as floods and droughts, also frequently occur in this area. The study of Holocene environmental archaeology has important scientific significance for clarifying the interactive effects between environmental evolution and human activities during 10.0-3.0 ka BP with no written records. In recent years, Holocene environmental archaeology was mainly based on the event stratigraphy of palaeoflood and sea-level change in the Yangtze River Valley. From the aspects of temporal-spatial distribution of archaeological sites, archaeological stratigraphy of typical sites, and regional environmental evolution archived from typical natural sedimentary strata, there have been significant progresses of Holocene environmental archaeology in the upper, middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, which indicate deeper and wider development of this research field. Also, the development of international research on environmental archaeology is deepening continuously, such as the new progress on annual recorders of the past in PAGES Magazine. New technologies, such as RS, GIS and DNA analysis, are also applied in the field of environmental archaeology. China has a long history, therefore many archaeological sites and well preserved natural sedimentary records are of great value in environmental archaeology research. In the future, we should keep pace with the international frontier, and take full advantage of above richly endowed conditions, which will further promote the progress on the Holocene environmental archaeology of the Yangtze River Valley.

Key words: Yangtze River Valley, Holocene, environmental archaeology, research progress