地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (8): 1224-1233.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201408015

• 人文经济地理学发展(全国首届青年人文地理沙龙专栏) • 上一篇    下一篇

西方人文地理学研究评述与借鉴——面向知行合一的中国人文地理学

刘云刚1, 李志刚1, 黎斌2   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院, 广州501275;
    2. 伯明翰大学地理系, 英国伯明翰
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-12 修回日期:2014-07-20 出版日期:2014-08-20 发布日期:2014-11-18
  • 作者简介:刘云刚(1973-), 男, 内蒙古呼和浩特市人, 博士, 教授, 中国地理学会会员(GD348), 主要研究方向为城市地理学、政治地理学、生活空间论.E-mail: liuyung@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271165; 41130747; 41271163); 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目; 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划资助(NCET-12-0571) (12YJAGJW007)

A critical review of research methods of Western human geography: A combination of knowing and doing for Chinese human geography

LIU Yungang1, LI Zhigang1, LI Bin2   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Department of Geography, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
  • Received:2014-04-12 Revised:2014-07-20 Online:2014-08-20 Published:2014-11-18
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271165; No.41130747; No.41271163; The MOE Layout Foundation of Humanities and Social Sciences, No.12YJAGJW007

摘要: 中国人文地理学研究需要走出“精致的平庸”,走向“精致的创新”.而要实现这一点,关键是要厘清当前研究中学术与应用间的梗阻,使学术研究回到创新的源点:理论与现实的相互激发,并破除对西方人文地理研究的模仿和迷信.为此,需要借鉴西方人文地理学研究的成果与方法并使之根植于本土的问题和制度;需要完善本土研究机制,包括区分学会和协会、区分学术和应用、区分学术地理和应用地理;要倡导真正的科学精神,对已有研究保持批判性;让知识体系保持高度的开放性,并适应本土知识生产的需求;让研究实事求是、根植于地,在理论与现实之间深度交流.只有这样,中国人文地理学方能实现知行合一,走出殖民地理的陷阱,走上真正自主的知识生产之路.

关键词: 学术与应用, 知行合一, 西方, 中国, 人文地理学

Abstract: The research of China's human geography today calls for a transition from ‘exquisite mediocrity’ to ‘exquisite innovation’. This transition demands scholars to clean up the barriers in- between scholarships and their application, and by returning to the origin of innovation, the interaction between theories and reality, and abandoning their superstition and imitation within the studies or imitation of Western human geography. We identify several key issues for Chinese researchers, such as an understanding of the roots of western theories and methods, and their links to indigenous problems or institutions; improving the development of academic institutions by distinguishing society and association, scholarship and application, academic and applied geography; encouraging real scientific spirit with criticism; keeping the openness of the system of knowledge-production and being respondent to the indigenous demands of the society; deepening the communication between theories and phenomena. To extricate itself from the trap of colonial geography and to build up a model of independent production of knowledge, for China's human geography the combination of knowing and doing is the only pathway.

Key words: combination of knowing and doing, human geography, the West, China, scholarship and application