地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (8): 1145-1158.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201408010

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农业地理与乡村发展研究新近进展

龙花楼1(), 刘彦随1,2(), 张小林3, 乔家君4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    2. 北京师范大学资源学院, 北京 100875
    3. 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京 210046
    4. 河南大学环境与规划学院,开封 475004
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-11 修回日期:2014-07-10 出版日期:2014-08-20 发布日期:2014-08-20
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:龙花楼 (1971-), 男, 湖南醴陵人, 博士, 研究员, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员 (S110001545M), 主要从事乡村发展与土地利用研究。E-mail: longhl@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目 (41130748, 41171149);National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41130748, No.41171149

Recent progress in agricultural geography and rural development research

Hualou LONG1(), Yansui LIU1,2(), Xiaolin ZHANG3, Jiajun QIAO4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    3. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210046, China
    4. College of Environment & Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, Henan, China
  • Received:2014-03-11 Revised:2014-07-10 Online:2014-08-20 Published:2014-08-20

摘要:

本文首先总结了近年来国际上农业地理与乡村发展研究进展,涉及研究的领域、理论和方法及其发展趋势,随后回顾了中华人民共和国成立以来中国农业地理与乡村发展学科的研究进展、取得的重要成果及其在农业与农村发展决策实践中的应用。中国农业地理与乡村发展学科的研究进展归纳为研究成果、新方法与新技术应用、主要成果和项目影响及决策服务应用等方面。其中研究成果主要包括:① 农业与乡村地理学综合研究;② 乡村转型发展与重构;③ 新农村建设综合研究;④ 城镇化、农村空心化与空心村整治;⑤ 中心村与专业村建设;⑥ 城乡发展一体化与等值化;⑦ 区域农业与乡村发展研究;⑧ 研究成果的系统化与国际化。最后,通过比较国内外相关领域的研究进展,联系中国实际,展望了未来中国农业与乡村地理学研究。

关键词: 农业地理, 乡村发展, 学科发展, 进展与展望

Abstract:

This paper firstly reviews the recent progress in the international research on agricultural geography and rural development, including the research fields, theory and methodology, and the developing trend. Then, the recent research progress, major achievements and their applications in economic development of agricultural geography and rural development in China are analyzed. Finally, the prospects for the new innovative research tasks and scientific propositions in the fields of agricultural geography and rural development in China to meet the needs of national strategies are put forward, based on comparison with related research progress abroad. Recent research progress includes the aspects of research achievements, the applications of new technologies and methodologies, and the influences and applications of major achievements. The summary of recent research achievements includes eight topics: (1) integrated research on agricultural and rural geography; (2) rural transformation development and rural restructuring; (3) integrated research on building a new countryside; (4) urbanization, rural hollowing and the renovation of hollowed villages; (5) the construction of key villages and specialized villages; (6) urban-rural integration development and urban-rural equalized development; (7) regional agriculture and rural development; and (8) the systematization and internationalization of research achievements.

Key words: agricultural geography, rural development, discipline development, progress and prospects