地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (8): 1117-1129.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201408008

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1978年以来中国城市地理研究进展

薛德升, 王立   

  1. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心, 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-10 修回日期:2014-08-02 出版日期:2014-08-20 发布日期:2014-11-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:薛德升, 教授, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员 (S110004311M), 主要研究方向为城市地理。

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目 (41130747);国际与地区合作项目 (41320104001);Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41130747;International Joint Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41320104001

Progress of urban geography research in China since the 1980s

Desheng XUE, Li WANG   

  1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Sun Yat-sen Unviersity, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2014-06-10 Revised:2014-08-02 Online:2014-08-20 Published:2014-11-18

摘要:

以国内出版的专著和重要学术期刊发表的学术论文为资料基础,运用文献计量学方法,对1978年改革开放30多年来中国城市地理的研究进展进行了总结。研究发现:中国城市地理研究总体上日益繁荣,研究内容不断拓展和深化,研究方法逐步走向“科学化”和“规范化”,研究的空间尺度总体上“由大向小”转变,研究视角向多样化转变;国家政策和城市热点问题对研究内容具有重要影响,西方理论和流派对研究视角具有重要影响;基础研究与应用研究并重是重要特色,城市化与城市体系是重要的研究主题。建议在未来的研究中培养全球化视野,批判性地引进西方理论,加强理论创新、科学规范、跨学科交叉与新方法引进。

关键词: 城市地理, 文献计量方法, 城市化, 城镇体系, 中国, 全球化

Abstract:

Built on a database composed of major books and journals published in mainland China, this study examines and summarizes the development of urban geography in post-reform China for the last decades. It applies the methods of literature quantitative analysis to interrogate the modality of recent urban geography and its studies within China's mainland. The findings include: first, along with China's miracle economic growth the community of urban geography also sees a remarkable prosperity in the last years. In particular, the topics and contents of this field witness a sustained expansion and evolvement. Moreover, its research methods are becoming more and more scientific and standardized, while the scale of these studies is turning from macroscopic to microscopic level. Along with a remarkable increase of both topics and interdisciplinary approaches, the perspectives of urban geography studies turn to be even diversified. It is found that state policy and hot-spot topics have significant impacts upon the development or direction of urban geography research. In addition, the impacts of Western theory or schools upon the research in China's mainland are also prominent. We argue that the emphasis of both theoretical studies and their applications is a key feature of post-reform China's urban geography research, among which urbanization and urban system are two key directions. After a comparative analysis of our case with recent development of urban geography in the West and other contexts such as South Africa or Brazil, say the global south, we suggest that the future study of Chinese cities should further expand a global perspective, critically import western theories, explore new theories as well as interdisciplinary approaches, and further follow the academic standard of international communities.

Key words: urban geography, literature quantitative analysis, globalization, urbanization, urban system