地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (8): 1060-1068.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201408003

所属专题: 人地系统

• • 上一篇    下一篇

人地系统可持续过程、格局的前沿探索

樊杰()   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-18 修回日期:2014-08-02 出版日期:2014-08-20 发布日期:2014-11-18
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:樊杰 (1961-), 男, 研究员, 博士生导师, 中国地理学会会员 (S110005375M), 主要从事区域可持续发展问题研究。E-mail: fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn

  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院重点部署项目 (KZZD-EW-06);国家自然科学基金重点项目 (40830741);国家科技支撑计划项目 (2008BAH31B01);Key Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZZD-EW-06;Key Project of the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China, No.40830741;National Key Technology R&D Program, No.2008BAH31B01

Frontier approach of the sustainable process and pattern of human-environment system

Jie FAN()   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2014-06-18 Revised:2014-08-02 Online:2014-08-20 Published:2014-11-18

摘要:

本文结合笔者近年来在人文地理学前沿问题探讨的综述,阐释了人—地系统相互作用时空分异规律是现代地理学最高层级的科学难题、也是决定未来地理学前途的关键问题的认识,提出了截至目前开展人地系统综合研究所采用的“过程归纳、区域比较、定性分析、逻辑判断”等4个实用方法,并围绕着区域均衡、资源环境承载能力、地域功能、空间结构等4个前沿领域,讨论了影响区域发展格局变化的驱动力、自然圈对人类活动圈层的作用、综合地理区划原理和方法、以及“生活—生产—生态”空间结构变化规律等研究的学术思想,探讨了“未来地球”框架下区域可持续发展研究的意义和重要命题,认为“自然科学和社会科学交叉”、“基础研究和决策应用贯通”的复杂性科学基础理论体系和综合研究集成方法体系建设,将深刻影响着人地系统过程和格局的研究进展。

关键词: 人地系统, 人文地理, 可持续性, 区域均衡, 地域功能, 承载能力, 空间结构, 未来地球

Abstract:

In combination with the author's review of frontier issues in human geography in recent years, this paper clarifies that uncovering the spatiotemporal difference rules of human-environment system interaction in the geographic pattern is the highest-level scientific puzzle in modern geography, and is the understanding of key issues which could decide the prospect of future geography. Four practical methods including "process induction, regional comparison, qualitative analysis, logical judgment" until now for integrated human-environment system researches are proposed. Aiming at four frontier fields including regional equilibrium, resources and environment carrying capacity, territorial function, and spatial structure, academic ideas including the driving forces of regional development pattern changes, the impact carrier of natural sphere on human activity sphere, the rules and methods for integrated geographic zoning, and the changing laws of "living-production-ecology" spatial structure, are discussed. Finally, this paper discusses the significance and key issues of regional sustainable development in the framework of "Future Earth", and presents that the integrated method system and basic theoretical system of comprehensive research in complexity science based on "integration of both natural and social sciences" and "interpenetration of both basic researches and decision-making application", will profoundly influence research progress of the process and framework of human-environment system.

Key words: human-environment system, human geography, sustainability, regional equilibrium, territorial function, carrying capacity, spatial structure, Future Earth