地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (5): 579-587.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201405001

• 水文模拟 •    下一篇

地表物质能量交换过程中的水循环综合模拟系统(HIMS)研究进展

刘昌明1, 王中根1, 杨胜天2, 桑燕芳1, 刘小莽1, 李军1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室, 北京 100101;
    2. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院遥感科学国家重点实验室, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-08 修回日期:2014-04-23 出版日期:2014-05-20 发布日期:2014-07-30
  • 通讯作者: 王中根,男,研究员,中国地理学会会员(S110009608M)。E-mail:wangzg@igsnrr.ac.an E-mail:wangzg@igsnrr.ac.an
  • 作者简介:刘昌明,男,湖南人,中国科学院院士,中国地理学会名誉理事长(S110001654H),主要从事自然地理研究。E-mail:liucm@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41271048)

Hydro-Informatic Modeling System:Aiming at water cycle in land surface material and energy exchange processes

LIU Changming1, WANG Zhonggen1, YANG Shengtian2, SANG Yanfang1, LIU Xiaomang1, LI Jun1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle & Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences & Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, School of Geography and Remote Sensing Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2014-04-08 Revised:2014-04-23 Online:2014-05-20 Published:2014-07-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271048

摘要: 基于地学的理念,特别是陆地表层系统研究理论,探讨了水循环研究发展趋势,从单一要素过程、到流域多过程综合、再到水系统多要素、多过程、多尺度的集成,阐述了发展水循环综合模拟技术的重要性。系统介绍了自主研发的水循环综合模拟系统HIMS(Hydro-Informatic Modeling System)的发展历程、主体结构与特色功能,包括水循环多源信息集成平台、水循环多元要素定量遥感反演系统、水循环过程模块库集成系统、多尺度分布式水循环定制模拟系统等。指出多学科交叉,与信息技术的融合是水循环模拟发展的重要方向之一。HIMS系统及其定制模型在国内外的大量验证和应用,显示出其水循环综合模拟技术的实用性和先进性。可望为变化环境下的复杂陆地表层过程中涉水问题研究提供技术支撑工具,适应水系统研究的需要。

关键词: 陆地表层系统, 环境变化, 水循环综合模拟, HIMS系统, 水系统

Abstract: Following the theory of geography science, especially the theory about land surface system, we investigated the development tendency of hydrological cycle study. On the whole, the study object of hydrology develops from signal-factor process to multi-factor processes in a watershed, and further to the integration of water systems by considering multivariables, multi-processes and multi-scales. Therefore, it is important to develop an integrated hydrological modeling system. We proposed the Hydro-Informatic Modeling System (HIMS), which aims at water cycle in the land surface material and energy exchange processes. The HIMS system takes the water cycle as a complete system, and conducts integrally hydrological modeling. The development processes, main structure and special functions of the HIMS system were overviewed in detail. The developments of HIMS system have obvious three stages. It includes the platform of multi-source information integration, the system of multi-factor quantitatively remote sensing inversion, the integrated system of multiwater processes, and the multi-scale distributed water systems by considering customization. The practicality and progressiveness of the HIMS system have been verified in various applications at home and abroad. Finally, it is pointed out that interdisciplinary study in combination with information technology is one of major tendencies for HIMS development. The basic theories should be concentrated on hydrological cycle, and the simulation functions would be further extended to improve the development of the HIMS system. In the future, the HIMS system can be applicable for the needs of integral water system study, and can be an effective tool for researching water-related issues under the impacts of environmental change.

Key words: water system, integrated hydrological modeling, Hydro-Informatic Modeling System, land surface system, environmental change