地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (2): 243-254.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201402008

• 交通地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海港空间效应的识别与测度

韩增林, 郭建科   

  1. 教育部人文社科重点研究基地, 辽宁师范大学海洋经济与可持续发展研究中心, 大连116029
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-14 修回日期:2013-11-14 出版日期:2014-02-20 发布日期:2014-04-04
  • 作者简介:韩增林(1956-),男,山东商河人,教授,博士生导师,中国地理学会理事(S110001642M)、经济地理专业委员会副主任委员,主要从事交通运输地理、区域开发与规划、海洋经济地理的研究。E-mail:hzl@lnnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41071094;41101114)

The identification and measurement of seaport spatial effect in China

HAN Zenglin, GUO Jianke   

  1. Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences at Universities, Center for Studies of Marine Economy and Sustainable Development of Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2013-06-14 Revised:2013-11-14 Online:2014-02-20 Published:2014-04-04
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41071094; No41101114

摘要: 在全球化和世界产业转移浪潮推动下,沿海港口已成为全球生产链条与地方网络链接的地理枢纽。与此同时,港口发展演化在推动港口自身运输体系及港口空间演化的同时,对腹地经济发展产生重大影响。首先,从经济地理学视角,提出海港空间效应的概念及其内涵,从港口势能、港—腹引力、作用通道三个方面阐述海港空间效应的动力结构和形成要素。其次,以海港空间效应的动力结构为理论依据,建立海港空间效应的测度模型。最后,以我国东部沿海港口为研究样本,运用海港空间效应测度模型,得到海港空间效应指数。以港口吞吐量、集装箱吞吐量、外贸吞吐量为指标表征沿海港口对腹地的运输效应分布格局,以港口城市工业、对外贸易和金融指标表征沿海港口对腹地的非运输效应格局,对不同区域特点和差异进行比较分析,验证模型的准确性和可操作性。结果表明,模型可较好地从宏观尺度识别不同港口及其腹地的港口经济空间效应,对于揭示港口的区位本质,比较不同区域的临港化倾向,刻画港口—腹地型城市地域系统的空间联系具有指导意义。

关键词: 海港空间效应, 港—腹系统引力, 海港区位势, 经济地理学

Abstract: Coastal ports have become a geographic hub between global production chains and local network links under the promotion launched by globalization and world industrial transfer. At the same time, port development evolution affects economic development of hinterland, when promotes the transportation system itself and spatial evolution. Firstly, this paper proposes the conception and connotation of harbor spatial effect from the angle of economic geography. The dynamical structure and forming elements are elaborated from three angles including port's potential energy, port-hinterland gravitation and action passageway. Secondly, the paper establishes the measurement model based on the dynamical structure of harbor spatial effect. Thirdly, the index of harbor spatial effect is calculated with the sample of coastal ports of east China by using the measurement model of harbor spatial effect. The study chooses port throughput, container throughput and foreign trade throughput to show the distribution pattern of transport spatial effect from port alongside the coast to hinterland, while it also chooses the city industry of port, foreign trade and financial indicators to show the distribution pattern of non-transport effect from port alongside the coast to hinterland. Furthermore, compared with the characteristics and differences of different districts, the accuracy and maneuverability of the model is testified. The results indicate that the model can nicely identify port economic spatial effect of different cases in macro-scale. The model has a guiding significance for revealing the location essence of port, comparing the tendency of approaching the port in different districts and describing the space connection of urban region system in port-hinterland city.

Key words: economic geography, harbor spatial effect, harbour-hinterland gravitation, harbour location potential