地理学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (2): 147-155.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201402001

• 城市与社会文化地理 •    下一篇

北京市居民居住—就业选择的协同性研究

余建辉1,2, 董冠鹏1,3, 张文忠1,2, 谌丽5,6, 党云晓1,2,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京100101;
    3. 布里斯托尔大学地理科学学院, 英国布里斯托尔BS8 1TH;
    4. 中国科学院大学, 北京100049;
    5. 中国科学院大学管理学院, 北京100190;
    6. 中国科学院虚拟经济与数据科学研究中心, 北京100190
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-18 修回日期:2013-12-01 出版日期:2014-02-20 发布日期:2014-02-20
  • 作者简介:余建辉(1983-),男,甘肃张掖人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事区域与城市发展研究。E-mail:yujh@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41201169;41230632);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所“一三五”战略科技计划项目(2012ZD006);国家科技支撑计划课题(2012BAJ15B02);北京大学-林肯研究院城市发展与土地政策研究中心论文奖学金资助项目

The correlated decision process of house moving and job change and its heterogeneity:A case study of Beijing

YU Jianhui1,2, DONG Guanpeng1,3, ZHANG Wenzhong1,2, CHEN Li5,6, DANG Yunxiao1,2,4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    3. University of Bristol, School of Geographical Sciences, Bristol, BS8 1TH, United Kingdom;
    4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    5. School of Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China;
    6. Research Center on Fictitious Economy and Data Science, CAS, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2013-01-18 Revised:2013-12-01 Online:2014-02-20 Published:2014-02-20
  • Contact: 张文忠(1966-),男,内蒙古呼和浩特人,博士生导师,研究员,中国地理学会会员(S110005239M),主要从事城市和区域发展研究。E-mail:zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41201169;No.41230632; "135" Strategic Technology Program, IGSNRR, No.2012ZD006; National Science andTechnology Support Program, No.2012BAJ15B02; Peking University-Lincoln Institute of Urban Developmentand Land Policy Research Center Dissertation Fellowship

摘要: 居民在住房市场上的迁居决策和劳动力市场上的工作迁移决策,是城市空间结构塑造和演化的重要微观因素。本文以2009 年北京市城市居住环境评价和偏好选择抽样调查问卷为基础,探讨了居民居住迁移和工作迁移决策的协同性及其异质性,结果发现:居民居住迁移决策和工作迁移决策是一个存在正向相互联系的协同决策过程,而非两个独立的决策过程;居住迁移和工作迁移决策的正向反馈强度随着微观主体住房产权、户籍和家庭就业结构等状况的不同而具有异质性,非北京市户籍、租房户和单职工家庭居民的居住迁移和工作迁移的正向相关关系要显著大于有北京市户籍、购房户和多职工家庭居民,并且不同社会经济属性的居民其居住迁移决策和工作迁移决策的影响因素也具有异质性。

关键词: 居住迁移, 工作迁移, 双变量离散选择模型, 协同决策, 北京

Abstract: People's decision of residential mobility in the housing market and decision of job change in labor market play an essential role in the formation and dynamics of urban spatial structure. In the traditional urban geographical view, job change is just a factor, which affects the decision of residential mobility. But this paper tries to investigate the correlated decision process of residential mobility and job change, and studies their heterogeneity in this interrelationship using the large-scale survey sample of residential living of Beijing in the year of 2009. Based on the bivariate discrete analysis, some conclusions are drawn as follows: (1) People's decision of residential mobility is significantly positively correlated with the decision of job change, indicating that these two dimensional decisions are in fact a correlated decision process rather than two independent decisions. (2) There is heterogeneity in the correlated decisions of residential mobility and job change. More specifically, the interrelationship between the decisions of residential mobility and job change in groups without Beijing hukou, renters and single worker households is more intensive than that in groups with Beijing hukou, owners and multiworkers households. Institutional obstacle of housing and labor market, migration costs caused by family demographics and commuting costs are the main contributing factors in the process of correlated decisions. (3) There is great heterogeneity in the determinants of residential relocation and job change among groups in terms of housing tenure, household registration status and family employment structure. Different groups have various main factors during the process of correlated decisions. The factor of commuting costs only works in the group of renters and single worker households. Institutional obstacle of housing and labor market is the main factor during the decision process of the people with Beijing hukou, owners and multi-worker households. Migration costs caused by family demographics are the basic consideration when multi-worker households make decisions.

Key words: job change, bivariate discrete choice models, Beijing, residential mobility, collaborative decision-making