地理学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (11): 1549-1558.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201311010

• 环境研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

近代以来江苏沿海滩涂围垦历史演变研究

张晓祥1, 严长清2, 徐盼1, 戴煜暄1, 晏王波1, 丁贤荣1,3, 朱晨曦2, 梅丹丹1   

  1. 1. 河海大学地理信息科学与工程研究所, 南京210098;
    2. 江苏省土地勘测规划院, 南京210024;
    3. 河海大学水文水资源学院, 南京210098
  • 收稿日期:2013-04-03 修回日期:2013-07-08 出版日期:2013-11-20 发布日期:2014-01-07
  • 作者简介:张晓祥(1979-),男,江苏南通人,博士,副教授,中国地理学会会员(S110006197M),主要从事空间分析与建模、资源环境遥感研究。E-mail:xiaoxiang@hhu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技支撑计划课题(2012BAC07B01;2012BAB03B01);国家海洋公益性行业科研专项(201005006-3)

Historical evolution of tidal flat reclamation in the Jiangsu coastal areas

ZHANG Xiaoxiang1, YAN Changqing2, XU Pan1, DAI Yuxuan1, YAN Wangbo1, DING Xianrong1,3, ZHU Chenxi2, MEI Dandan1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Information Science and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China;
    2. Institute of Land Survey Planning, Nanjing 210024, China;
    3. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
  • Received:2013-04-03 Revised:2013-07-08 Online:2013-11-20 Published:2014-01-07
  • Supported by:
    Key Projects in the National Science & Technology Pillar Program, No.2012BAC07B01; No.2012BAB03B01; Public Science and Technology Research Funds Projects of Ocean, No.201005006-3

摘要: 近百年来江苏沿海进行了大规模的滩涂围垦开发。本研究评估了近代以来江苏沿海滩涂围垦历史演变情况,分析其演变机理。研究搜集整理了清末至今多种历史地形图、地方志、遥感资料,利用统计分析以及空间分析,定量地揭示近百年来江苏沿海围垦时空变化,并简要分析变化背后的机理。研究结果表明:(1)在围垦的时间分布上,不同时期的历史围垦程度不同,其中民国时期1910 年代和解放以后的1950 年代的围垦规模分别为解放前和解放后的两个围垦高峰时期;(2)在围垦的空间分布上,总的来说,盐城市围垦面积最大,总量占全省总围垦面积近70%,南通、连云港市相对较少,而沿海三市围垦面积排名前五名的分别是大丰市、射阳县、连云区、响水县、如东县;(3)从围垦特点看,空间缓冲区分析显示历史上江苏沿海围垦多为鱼鳞似的圈围,用途则以农业生产、水产养殖、国营盐场为主,工业用地、港口建设用地大大不足,用地综合效益不高。

关键词: 统计分析, 滩涂围垦, 空间分析, 历史演变, 江苏海岸带

Abstract: The large-scale tidal flats have been reclaimed in the Jiangsu coastal areas during the last century. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and analyze the historical evolution of Jiangsu coastal reclamation. A variety of historical maps, local chronicles and remote sensing data are collected and collated since the late Qing Dynasty, and statistical analysis and spatial analysis are used to examine the temporal changes over the past century. The results are shown as follows. (1) The 1910s and 1950s are two relatively high-density periods before 1949 and after 1949. (2) The reclamation lands are mostly distributed in Yancheng, accounting for 70% of the total in Jiangsu coastal areas, and they are relatively small in Nantong and Lianyungang. In terms of the reclamation areas, the top five counties are Dafeng, Sheyang, Lianyungang, Xiangshui, and Rudong. (3) Buffer zone analysis shows that the pattern of Jiangsu coastal reclamation is like a mosaic fish-scale shape, and the reclamation lands are mainly used for agriculture, aquaculture, and salt industry, while less are used for industrial purpose and port construction.

Key words: spatial analysis, historical evolution, statistical analysis, tidal flat reclamation, Jiangsu coastal areas