In the context of social and economic transformation in rural China, the phenomenon of ecosystem "anti-service" has emerged frequently, and it is a great challenge to synergize ecological conservation and socio-economic development. Using the meta-analysis and collecting 733 typical human-boar conflict incidents (also known as wild boar damage incidents), this paper studies the spatiotemporal patterns, hazards and driving factors of wild boar damage from 2000 to 2021. During this period, the number, spatial scope and hazard degree of wild boar damage incidents showed an increasing trend, and the number of provinces, cities and districts (counties) involved increased from 18, 41 and 67 in the earlier stage to 25, 147 and 399 in the recent period, with corresponding increases of 39%, 259% and 496%, respectively. Among them, wild boar damage incidents were concentrated in Chongqing Municipality and central and western parts of Hubei Province before 2005, and then expanded around, and this situation concentrated in the Sichuan Basin, Loess Plateau, middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and hilly mountainous areas such as Changbai Mountains after 2015. The main manifestations were destroying crops, infringing poultry and causing casualties, especially the destruction of crops leading to cultivated land abandonment, accompanied by a rapid increase in casualties, accounting for about 1/4 (23.66%) of the total number of damage incidents. Meanwhile, the spreading trend and harmfulness of wild boar damage is a typical phenomenon of "anti-service" in ecosystem. The aggravation of this phenomenon is the result of ecological restoration, hunting ban policy, unclear boundary between agricultural land and ecological land, strong viability of wild boar and lack of natural enemies. It has posed an obvious threat to the utilization of abandoned cultivated land, the improvement of farmers' livelihood and the maintenance of regional ecological security. It is extremely urgent to formulate the policy of controlling the number of wild boars and establish the compensation mechanism for the loss by wild boars, which is a new social problem that needs to be dealt with urgently in rural revitalization in the new era.