Green GDP Calculation of Fujian Province Based on Energy Analysis

  • 1. Institute of China Innovation, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China;
    2. School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350108, China

Received date: 2010-01-14

  Revised date: 2010-06-02

  Online published: 2010-11-20

Supported by

National Basic Sciences Training Programs, No.J0830521; National Natural Science Foundation of Fujian, No.D0610004


With the method of emergy analysis, the energy storage and flow of different types in natural, social and economic systems of Fujian was transformed through the emergy transformation into a unified standard - emergy. And it reached the result of ratio of emergy consumption gross and GDP, namely emergy/money ratio. Then with that ratio, this paper converted the resource consumption and environment loss into currency value and deducted it from the traditional GDP, therefore obtained the green GDP. Also the condition of sustainable development of Fujian Province was analyzed by using some emergy evaluation indices, and the results showed that the traditional GDP increased rapidly from 2001 to 2006, but the green GDP increased relatively slowly. Fujian Province was characterized by fast-developing economy, high living standard, and export-oriented foreign trade. However, under the huge population and environment pressures, its sustainable development ability dropped. In addition, Fujian was short of internal resources and relied on the external environment. So the economy was encountering increasing risk and the competitiveness of economic activities tended to be weakening. There was still some unsustainable economic growth in the development of Fujian Province, which was in relevance to its level of industrialization.

Cite this article

ZHANG Hong, HUANG Minsheng, HU Xiaohui . Green GDP Calculation of Fujian Province Based on Energy Analysis[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2010 , 65(11) : 1421 -1428 . DOI: 10.11821/xb201011012


[1] Lan Shengfang, Qin Pei. Emergy analysis of ecosystems. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2001, 12 (1): 129-131.

[蓝盛 芳, 钦佩. 生态系统的能值分析. 应用生态学报, 2001, 12 (1): 129-131.]

[2] Zhang Yaohui. Emergy analysis method of agro-ecosystem. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2004, 12(3): 181-183.

[张 耀辉. 农业生态系统能值分析方法. 地理学报, 2004, 12(3): 181-183.]

[3] Dong Xiaobin, Gao Wangsheng, Yan Maochao. Emergy analysis of agro-ecosystem productivity of typical valley in loess hilly-gully region of the Loess Plateau: A case study in Zhifanggou Valley of Ansai County. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2004, 59(2): 223-229.

[董孝斌, 高旺盛, 严茂超. 黄土高原典型流域农业生态系统生产力的能值分析: 以安塞县纸坊沟流域 为例. 地理学报, 2004, 59(2): 223-229.]

[4] Lu Hongfang, Chen Lie, Lin Yongbiao et al. Emergy synthesis of the dynamics of the Shunde industrial system. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2005, 25(9): 2188-2196.

[陆宏芳, 陈烈, 林永标等. 顺德产业生态系统能值动态分析. 生态学报, 2005, 25(9): 2188-2196.]

[5] Zhang Junmin, Tang Yaping. Study on MODS eco-coupling mechanism based on energy analysis: A case study of Manas River in Xinjiang. Human Geography, 2009, 24(3): 122-124.

[张军民, 唐亚平. 基于能值分析的MODS生态耦合机理研 究: 以新疆玛纳斯河流域为例. 人文地理, 2009, 24(3): 122-124.]

[6] Feng Fang, Huang Qiaohua, Jin Shuang. Ecological footprint calculation of Xuzhou based on energy theory. Territory & Natural Resource Study, 2009, (1): 8-9.

[冯芳, 黄巧华, 金爽. 基于能值分析的徐州市生态足迹计算. 国土与自然资源研 究, 2009, (1): 8-9.]

[7] Zhao Xinfeng. Emergy systhesis of the ecological flows in the urban compound ecosystem of Zhongshan City. Guangzhou: South China Agricultural University, 2002.

[赵新峰. 中山城市复合生态系统生态流能值定量研究. 广州: 华南农业大 学硕士学位论文, 2002.]

[8] Tan Shaohua, Duan Lian, Zhao Wanmin et al. Energy evaluation perspectives of human settlement construction ecosystem assets. Urban Planning Forum, 2009, (3): 53-57.

[谭少华, 段炼, 赵万民等. 基于能值分析的人居环境建设系统价值评 价. 城市规划学刊, 2009, (3): 53-57.]

[9] Fan Xiaoshan, Gao Jixi. The present condition of China's resource utilization along with its evolution be based upon the analysis of capacity and value. Natural Resource Economic of China, 2009, 22 (4):33-35.

[范小杉, 高吉喜.基于能值分析 的中国资源利用现状及演变态势.中国国土资源经济, 2009, 22(4):33-35.]

[10] Lu Hongfang, Lan Shengfang, Li Lei et al. Studies on emergy indices for evaluating system sustainable development property. China Environmental Science, 2002, 22(4): 380-384.

[陆宏芳, 蓝盛芳, 李雷等. 评价系统可持续发展能力的 能值指标. 中国环境科学, 2002, 22(4): 380-384.]

[11] Huang Shuli, Kao W C, Lee C L. Energetic mechanisms and development of an urban landscape system. Ecological Modelling, 2007, 20(5): 495-506.

[12] Pulselli R M, Rustici M, Marchettini N. An integrated framework for regional studies: Emergy based spatial analysis of the province of Cagliari. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 2007, (133): 1-131.

[13] Zhou Jinling, Kang Wenxing. Green GDP accounting for agriculture production based on an energy analysis of agroecosystem: A case study of Huaihua city. Journal of Central South University of Forestry & Technology, 2009, 29(2): 55-60.

[邹金伶, 康文星. 基于农业生态经济系统能值分析的农业绿色GDP核算: 以怀化市为实例. 中南林业科技大 学学报, 2009, 29(2): 55-60.]

[14] Chen Chao. Emergy analysis-based study on calculating regional Green GDP
[D]. Dalian: Dalian University of Technology, 2007.

[陈超. 基于能值分析的区域绿色GDP核算研究. 大连: 大连理工大学, 2007.]

[15] Authors of "Fujian Natural Geography" in Fujian Normal University. Fujian Physical Geography. Fuzhou: Fujian People's Press, 1987: 1-49.

[福建师范大学地理系《福建自然地理》编写组. 福建自然地理. 福州: 福建人民出版社, 1987: 1-49.]

[16] Zheng Shaochun. Resource and environment of Fujian restrain transformation of economic development patterns. Forum on Science and Technology in China, 2009, (9): 73-77.

[郑少春. 资源环境约束和福建经济发展方式转变. 中国科技论 坛, 2009, (9): 73-77.]

[17] Lan Shengfang, Qin Pei, Lu Hongfang. Emergy Analysis of Eco-economic System. Beijing: Chemical Industry Press, 2002:75-76.

[蓝盛芳, 钦佩, 陆宏芳. 生态经济系统能值分析. 北京: 化学工业出版社, 2002: 75-76.]

[18] Li Haitao, Liao Yingchun, Yan Maochao et al. Emergy evaluation and assessment of sustainability on the eco-economic systems of Xinjiang. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2003, 58(5): 765-772.

[李海涛, 廖迎春, 严茂超. 新疆生态经济系统的能 值分析及其可持续发展性评估. 地理学报, 2003, 58(5): 765-772.]

[19] Li Jialin, Xu Jiqin, Zhang Zhenglong. Emergy based analysis on development situation and sustainable development countermeasure of Jiangsu eco-economic system. Economic Geography, 2003, 23(5): 615- 619.

[李加林, 许继琴, 张正 龙. 基于能值分析的江苏生态经济系统发展态势及持续发展对策. 经济地理, 2003, 23(5): 615-619.]

[20] Li Jialin, Gong Hongbo, Xu Jiqin. Emergy analysis of development level of environment-economic system of Zhejiang. Areal Research and Development, 2003, 22(5): 33-37.

[李加林, 龚虹波, 许继琴. 浙江环境—经济系统发展水平的能值 分析. 地域研究与开发, 2003, 22(5): 33-37.]

[21] Yang Dewei, Chen Zhijian, Ni Huayong et al. Assessment of sustainability in eco-economic system in Sichuan Province on emergy analysis. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 2006, 15(3): 303-309.

[杨德伟, 陈治谏, 倪华勇 等. 基于能值分析的四川省生态经济系统可持续性评估. 长江流域资源与环境, 2006, 15(3): 303-309.]

[22] Du Peng, Xu Zhongmin. Emergy analysis and sustainability assessment of eco-economics system in Gansu Province. Advances in Earth Science, 2006, 22(9): 982-988.

[杜鹏, 徐中民. 甘肃生态经济系统的能值分析及其可持续性评估. 地 球科学进展, 2006, 22(9): 982-988.]

[23] Zhuo Macuo, Feng Qi, Si Jianhua. Study on emergy analysis and sustainable development of Qinghai environmental economic system. Economic Geography, 2008, 28(2): 308-312.

[卓马措, 冯起, 司建华. 青海生态经济系统的能值分析 与可持续发展对策. 经济地理, 2008, 28(2): 308-312.]

[24] Yan Maochao, Odum H T. A study on emergy evaluation and sustainable development of Tibet eco-economic system. Journal of Natural Resources, 1998, 13(2): 116-125.

[严茂超, Odum H T. 西藏生态经济系统的能值分析与可持续发展研究. 自然资源学报, 1998, 13(2): 116-125.]

[25] Hall CAS. Maximum Power: The Idea and Applications of Odum H T. Denver: Niwot University of Colorado Press, 2000: 205-313.

[26] Yan Maochao, Li Haitao. Emergy perspectives on the pattern of economy and consumption of the USA. World Sci-tech R & D, 2001, 23(3): 59-65.

[严茂超, 李海涛. 美国经济与消费格局的新透视: 从能值分析结论看美国. 世界科技研究与 发展, 2001, 23(3): 59-65.

[27] Liao Yingchun, Fan Houbao, Yan Maochao et al. Emergy analysis of Nanchang urban eco-economic system. Journal of Nanchang Institute of Technology, 2007, 26(4): 39-44.

[廖迎春, 樊后保, 严茂超等. 南昌城市生态经济系统能值分析. 南昌工程学院学报, 2007, 26(4): 39-44.]

[28] Li Jinping, Chen Feipeng, Wang Zhishi. The emergy synthesis and sustainability analysis of city's environment and economy. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006, 26(2): 440-448.

[李金平, 陈飞鹏, 王志石. 城市环境经济能值综合和可持续性分 析. 生态学报, 2006, 26(2): 440-448.]

[29] Li Zhanling, Chen Feixing, Li Zhanjie. Emergy analysis of Beijing urban eco-economic system. Urban Problems, 2005, 2 (6): 25-29.

[李占玲, 陈飞星, 李占杰. 北京市城市生态系统能值分析. 城市问题, 2005, 2(6): 25-29.]

[30] Sui Chunhua, Lan Shengfang. Emergy analysis of Guangzhou and Shanghai urban eco-system. Urban Environment & Urban Ecology, 2006, 19(4): 47-48.

[隋春花, 蓝盛芳. 广州与上海城市生态系统能值的分析比较. 城市环境与城市生 态, 2006, 19(4): 47-48.]

[31] Sustainable Development Research Team of CAS. China Sustainable Development Strategy Report 2009. Beijing: Science Press, 2009: 360-405.

[中国科学院可持续发展研究组. 2009 中国可持续发展战略报告. 北京: 科学出版社, 2009: 360-405.]

[32] Yang Duogui, Niu Wenyuan, Chen Shaofeng et al. Theoretical interpretation of "balance sheet" for sustainable development capacity. Advance in Earth Sciences, 2000, 15(6): 695-698.

[杨多贵, 牛文元, 陈劭锋等. 可持续发展能力 “资产负债表”理论解析. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(6): 695-698.]