The Determination of Social Ecological Compensation Standard Based on "Equivalent Value of Geographical Factor Endowment"

  • 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

Received date: 2010-01-26

  Revised date: 2010-07-09

  Online published: 2010-10-20

Supported by

National Basic Research Program of China, No.2009CB421307; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40971282


Ecological compensation is a hot subject in academic studies, and the determination of spatial allotment standard is the key point in the research of ecological compensation. There are two kinds of thoughts in the determination of regional spatial allotment standard at present: "Evaluation of ecological construction cost" and "Evaluation of ecosystem services value". This paper analyzes the relationships between social ecological compensation and regional socio-economic development, and established an econometrics model with the data of 2007 from various provinces in China. Through this model, the impacts of geographical factor endowment on the regional socio-economic development in various provinces were analyzed from the angle of social justice, and the concept of "Equivalent value of Geographical factor Endowment" (EGE for short) was proposed. On this basis, we analyze the application prospect of EGE in the policy decision making of regional ecological compensation. The results show that: (1) The implementation of the social ecological compensation is not only an effective guarantee for each region to obtain the equal rights of survival, development and decent environment, but also an essential assurance to the coordinated, balanced and sustainable development among various regions; (2) the regional difference of geographical factor endowment is an important cause for the regional spatial variation of socio-economic development, so the geographical factor endowment is an important basis for the determination of social ecological compensation standard; (3) based on the EGE, we can determine the spatial allotment standard of social ecological compensation scientifically, and avoid the "sweeping approach" phenomenon in the policy making of ecological compensation effectively.

Cite this article

ZHANG Wei, ZHANG Hongye, ZHANG Yifeng . The Determination of Social Ecological Compensation Standard Based on "Equivalent Value of Geographical Factor Endowment"[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2010 , 65(10) : 1253 -1265 . DOI: 10.11821/xb201010010


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