Changes of Runoff Consumption and Its Human Influence Intensity in the Mainstream of Tarim River

  • Key laboratory of Oasis Ecology and Desert Environment, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS,Urumqi 830011, China

Received date: 2010-09-16

  Revised date: 2010-11-15

  Online published: 2011-01-25

Supported by

National Basic Research Program of China(973 Program),No.2010CB951003;National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.40871239; Knowledge Innovation Program of the CAS,No.KZCX2-YW-Q10-3,KZCX2-YW-Q10-3-4


Based on the monitoring data of annual runoff in the mainstream of Tarim River from 1957 to 2008, runoff consumption is calculated in the mainstream, and then the time series variation tendency of runoff consumption in the mainstream is analyzed by using linear regression method. The results can be drawn as follows. (1) In recent more than 50 years, runoff consumption shows a decreasing tendency on the whole, but the upper, middle and lower reaches are different. The upper reaches increases significantly with the highest rate, being approximately 2.09 × 108 m3/10a, but the middle and lower reaches display a remarkably decreasing tendency, with a rate of 1.61×108 m3/10a and 2.30×108 m3/10a, respectively. (2) The input water volume and runoff consumption have a good positive correlation with R2 = 0.9996 in the mainstream, suggesting that the water volume reduction is immediate cause of runoff consumption decrease. (3) Human activities intensity indexes and artificial runoff consumption also show significantly positive correlation, R2 = 0.9822 between them, which indicates that since the mid-1970s, with gradual increase of human activities intensity, human activities interference on runoff consumption has been expanding and aggravating.

Cite this article

CHEN Zhongsheng, CHEN Yaning, LIWeihong, CHEN Yapeng . Changes of Runoff Consumption and Its Human Influence Intensity in the Mainstream of Tarim River[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2011 , 66(1) : 89 -98 . DOI: 10.11821/xb201101009


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