Situation and Suggestions of Sustainable Development in the Yangtze River Delta

  • 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China;
    3. Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252000, China;
    4. Qingdao Technological University, Qingdao 266033, China

Received date: 2004-09-22

  Revised date: 2005-01-18

  Online published: 2005-05-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40201014; Natural Science Fund of Jiangsu Province, No.BK2004164


The Yangtze River Delta has developed very fast since the 1990s. Its status ascends rapidly. Its GDP accounted for 12.53% of China in 1990 and increased to 19.45% in 2003. Since the 1980s, the courses of integrations in the Yangtze River Delta have been accelerated because of contacts among the enterprises and cooperations among the governments of different cities. The stage of omnibearing substantially associated development has started. However there are also some problems in the process of development. The whole level of FDI is not so high though it is large on scale. Farmland loss is serious in the region, for example, 300 thousand hectares of farmland were used for other purposes from 1990 to 2003, and the intensive degree of land in construction is lower. There is shortage in energy supply such as electrical insufficiency reaching 7.76 billion kilowatts in Jiangsu Province in 2002. Ecological environment is deteriorative, the pollution of water and atmosphere is very serious and geological disasters are also increasing. The water quality of stream channel and lakes in the Yangtze River Delta is type IV or V because of containing too much COD, BOD, N and P, except the water quality of the sources of the Yangtze River and Qiantang River, some reservoirs, and most parts of Taihu Lake, which belong to types II-III and can be perceived as drinking water source. In view of the level of industry, a considerable part of the Yangtze River Delta still needs to develop labor-intensive industries. So it is necessary to reinforce the development of labor-intensive industries while improving the level of industrial development in the Yangtze River Delta in the future. In order to keep healthy sustainable development of society and economy and keep consistency with the national goal of development, we must confirm the status of the Yangtze River Delta in regional economy and make a reasonable orientation of city function at first.

Cite this article

WANG Zhixian, YU Xiaogan, XU Kefeng, LIN Kang, . Situation and Suggestions of Sustainable Development in the Yangtze River Delta[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2005 , 60(3) : 381 -391 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200503004


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