Changes in the Economic Functions of Beijing, 1992-2002: Based on the Inter-industrial Linkage and Economic Base Theory

  • 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Peking University, Beijing 100871 China;
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    4. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China

Received date: 2004-12-09

  Revised date: 2005-05-18

  Online published: 2005-07-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40271035


Integrating the industrial group and economic base analysis, this paper proposes the concept of basic sector group in which key industries belong to basic sectors, and analyzes changes in the economic functions of Beijing during 1992-2002. Based on input-output tables of Beijing in 1992, 1997 and 2002, several critical industrial groups are identified applying principal component-factor analysis and the basic sectors are singled out through net exporting analysis in corresponding years. Industrial group analysis in this paper only emphasizes the inter-industrial goods linkages. During the period, the steel-mechanical industrial group confronted serious resource limitations and environmental protection requirements while the petroleum processing & chemical industrial group developed fairly well and grew into a basic sector group. Strong industrial bases and local demand facilitated the formation of motor vehicle manufacturing group, food processing and manufacturing group, textile & sewing industrial group and construction group, which enjoyed some comparative advantages, but have not developed into basic sector groups yet. Because of Beijing's strong advantages in scientific research and technology, electronic and information technology industry and medical treatment, medicine and medical mechanical manufacturing industry have developed into basic sector groups respectively. Due to the strong intermediate demand and solid industrial bases, a special basic sector group has been made up by advanced services and some manufacturing industries such as papermaking & paper products, printing & record medium reproduction, stationery, education & sports goods and furniture manufacturing. The developed basic sector groups will provide strong industrial support of economic functions in Beijing.

Cite this article

LIANG Jinshe, HE Canfei, ZHANG Hua . Changes in the Economic Functions of Beijing, 1992-2002: Based on the Inter-industrial Linkage and Economic Base Theory[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2005 , 60(4) : 577 -586 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200504006


[1] Xu Xueqiang, Zhou Yixing, Ning Yuemin. Urban Geography. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 1996. 82-91.
[许学强, 周一星, 宁越敏. 城市地理学. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 1996. 82-91.]

[2] Yang Wuyang, Liang Jinshe. Advanced Economic Geography. Beijing: Peking University Press, 1997. 379-387.
[杨吾扬, 梁进社. 高等经济地理学. 北京: 北京大学出版社, 1997. 379-387.]

[3] Haggett P, Cliff A, Frey A. Locational analysis in human geography. London: Eaward Arnold, 1977. 159-170.

[4] Zhou Yixing. Urban Geography. Beijing: The Commercial Press, 1997.
[周一星. 城市地理学. 北京: 商务印书馆, 1997.]

[5] Yang Kaizhong. Basic features and trends of the economic base of Beijing. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1997, 52(6): 481-490.
[杨开忠. 北京经济基础的基本特点与变化趋势. 地理学报, 1997, 52(6): 481-490.]

[6] Yan Xiaopei, Xu Xueqiang. Changes of the Basic-Nonbasic Economic Activities in Guangzhou. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1999, 54(4): 300-308.
[阎小培, 许学强. 广州城市基本非基本经济活动的变化分析——兼释城市发展的经济基础理论. 地理学报, 1999, 54(4): 300-308.]

[7] Gibson L J, Worden M A. Estimating the economic base multiplier: a test of alternative procedures. Economic Geography, 1981, 57(2): 146-159.

[8] Treyz I G. Regional Economic Modeling. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993. 45-47.

[9] Porter M. Clusters and the new economics of competition. Harvard Business Review, 1998, 76(11): 77-90.

[10] Porter M. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: Basic Books, 1990. 2-23.

[11] Rosenfeld S. Bring business clusters into the mainstream of economic development. European Planning Studies, 1997, 27(5): 3-23.

[12] Doeringer P, Terkla D. Business strategy and cross-industry clusters. Economic Development Quarterly, 1995, 9(3): 225-237.

[13] Anderson G. Industry clustering for economic development. Economic Development Review, 1994, 25(12): 26-32.

[14] Tong Xin, Wang Jici. Local clustering:a case study on PC-related manufacturing in Dongguan. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2001, 56(6): 722-729.
[童昕, 王缉慈. 东莞PC相关制造业地方产业群的发展演变. 地理学报, 2001, 56(6): 722-729.]

[15] Tong Xin, Wang Jici. An analysis on the global production network of the information technology industry. Science and Technology Review, 1999, 21(9): 14-16.
[童昕, 王缉慈. 硅谷-新竹-东莞:透视信息技术产业的全球生产网络.科技导报, 1999, 21(9): 14-16.]

[16] O hUallachain B. The identification of industrial complexes. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 1984, 74(1): 420-436.

[17] Feser, E, Bergman E. National industry cluster templates: a framework for applied regional cluster analysis. Regional Studies, 2000, 34(1): 1-19.

[18] Roepke H, Adams D, Wiserman R. A new approach to the identification of industrial complexes using input-output data. Journal of Regional Science, 1974, 14(1): 15-29.

[19] Czamanski S. Some empirical evidence of the strengths of linkages between groups of related industries in urban-regional complexes. Regional Science Association, 1971, 27(1): 137-150.

[20] Czamanski S, Ablas L. Identification of industrial clusters and complexes: a comparison of methods and findings. Urban Studies, 1979, 16(1): 61-80.