The Relation between the Characteristics of the Migrants and the Economic Development in Beijing and the Regional Differentiation of Their Distribution

  • Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China

Received date: 2004-12-22

  Revised date: 2005-07-06

  Online published: 2005-09-25

Supported by

Cooperation Project of China and European Commission, funded by European Commission, No.ICA4-CT-2002-10004; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.70173022


Based on the data of official network bulletin, statistics and the field survey conducted in 2004, this paper analyzed the relation between the changes of the migrants in their original hometowns, education level, age structure, employment and the economic development in Beijing and the regional differentiation of the distribution of the migrants with different hometowns, age, education, income, work, housing situation and such in the three-circled areas of Beijing which include the central area, near suburbs and outer suburbs since 1997. This paper holds: (1) the concentration trend of the migrants in the near suburb belt is closely connected with the rapid development and the tendency to be the new development center of Beijing in the belt. (2) The employment structure of those migrants is highly corresponding to the industrial structure of Beijing. (3) One of the important employment characteristics of the group is that its employment structure is closer to that of the urban population, but rather different from that of rural population in Beijing. (4) Though their employment ratio in the tertiary industry is much closer to that of the local urban population, their employment ratio in the so-called white-collar sectors in the tertiary industry is far more below that of the local urban population, which is about one eighth in 1997 and one fifth in 2002. (5) They are still constrained by the factors as their lower education level, their personal quality, technique level and cultural background, and they are unable to enter at present into the highly developed and high quality required sectors to work, which have high added value and may give them high income. (6) The regional distribution characteristics of the migrants in the city proper are quite different form that of the migrants in the near and outer suburbs in age, duration in Beijing, education, employment, income, housing and desire for future migrating.

Cite this article

LU Qi, WU Peilin, LU Lixin, WANG Guoxia . The Relation between the Characteristics of the Migrants and the Economic Development in Beijing and the Regional Differentiation of Their Distribution[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2005 , 60(5) : 851 -862 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200505016


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