The Advance of International Hydrology Program (IHP) and the Water Resource Research System of China

  • 1. Water Resource Department, China Institute of Water Resource and Hyro-power Research, Beijing 100044, China;
    2. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China;
    3. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS, Changchun 130012, China

Received date: 2003-08-03

  Revised date: 2003-11-19

  Online published: 2004-03-25

Supported by

The National Key Project of Science and Technology for the Tenth Five-Year Plan, No.2001BA610A-02


International Hydrological Program (IHP) is the exhibiting platform of the international water resource research; its advance is the integral record and embodiment of the development of worldwide water resource research. The study history and progress regime of IHP show that the water resource research has been changed from the single subject study to integral research with multi-subject. With the increase of the social factors, water resource research has been a systematic research project. Chinese water resource research advance lags behind a little to the international water resource research development and has the better development trend with respect to water resource research. Chinese water resource research system (CWRRS) has the structure with circle-layers. The process and mechanism of water cycle in the changing environment are at the core of the CWRRS and are the inner circle-layer. The sustaining and safeguard system of water resource based on the eco-hydrological process is the second inner circle-layer. The water resource allocation system based on the natural-artificial two-term mode, the water saving system based on physical, chemical, biological and information techniques, and the prompting system of efficient water resource utilization based on the market mechanism are formed in the third circle-layer. Based on the above three circle-layers research, the synthetical decision and integral management system on water resource research based on the modern information techniques and management techniques and the water education and training system based on the modern media techniques make up of the outset circle-layer.

Cite this article

YAN Denghua, WANG Hao, WANG Jianhua, HE Yan, DENG Wei, ZHAI Jinliang . The Advance of International Hydrology Program (IHP) and the Water Resource Research System of China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2004 , 59(2) : 249 -259 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200402011


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