Study on Cooperative Constraint Regionalization of Water Environment and the Guidance for Industrial Distribution:A Case Study of Jiangsu Province

  • Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China

Received date: 2009-09-15

  Revised date: 2010-02-03

  Online published: 2010-07-20

Supported by

Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCY2-YW-339;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.70703033


Along with the rapid economic and social development in the developed areas in China, the water environment has been continuously deteriorated by the increasing amount of water pollutant discharge. Thus, water environment has already become a constraint factor to regional development. In order to coordinate the relationship between economic development and water environment, many countries have attempted water environmental function zoning so as to provide a scientific basis for the basin management. However, those researches have ignored the spatial relation between water and land area, or how the bearing capacity of water environment constrains industrial distribution. Therefore, the applied index systems concern environmental factors without considering the constraints brought by human activity to the water environment. This paper discusses the methods of cooperative constraint regionalization of water environment which is related to both the sensitivity and the pressure of water environment, including how to divide the assessed units, and how to choose and manage the assessed elements etc. Then, as a case study, Jiangsu Province is divided into four types by the method of two-dimensional quadrant analysis, namely, high-pressure and high-sensitivity area, high-pressure and low-sensitivity area, low-pressure and high-sensitivity area, and low-pressure and low-sensitivity area. Finally, this paper presents the scheme of industrial distribution adjustment, which provides a scientific basis for making different industrial policies as well as harmonizing the industrial development and the bearing capacity of water environment.

Cite this article

SUN Wei, CHEN Wen, CHEN Cheng . Study on Cooperative Constraint Regionalization of Water Environment and the Guidance for Industrial Distribution:A Case Study of Jiangsu Province[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2010 , 65(7) : 819 -827 . DOI: 10.11821/xb201007006


[1] Qin Boqiang, Hu Weiping, Chen Weimin et al. Water Environment Evolution Process and Mechanism of Taihu Lake. Beijing: Science Press, 2004: 9-33.
[秦伯强, 胡维平, 陈伟民等. 太湖水环境演化过程与机理. 北京: 科学出版社, 2004: 9-33.]

[2] Deng Wei, He Yan. Water resource: One of the most important resource problems to be paid more attention in the world in 21st century. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 1999, 12(2): 97-101.
[邓伟, 何岩. 水资源: 21 世纪全球更加关注的 重要资源问题之一. 地理科学, 1999, 12(2): 97-101.]

[3] Li Changfeng, Gao Junfeng, Cao Hui. Research situation and trend of the effects of land use change on water resource. Soil, 2002, (4): 191-196.
[李昌丰, 高俊峰, 曹慧. 土地利用变化对水资源影响的研究现状与趋势. 土壤, 2002, (4): 191-196.]

[4] Huang Yi, Cai Jialiang, Zheng Weishuang et al. Research progress in aquatic ecological function regionalization and its approach at watershed scale. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2009, 28(3): 542-548.
[黄艺, 蔡佳亮, 郑维爽等. 流域水生态 功能分区以及区划方法的研究进展. 生态学杂志, 2009, 28(3): 542-548.]

[5] Chen Wen, Zhuo Zhenkun, Zhao Haixia et al. Regionalization of water environmental risk and spatial development guidance: A case study of Wuxi City. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2008, 20(1): 129-134.
[陈雯, 禚振坤, 赵海霞等. 水环 境约束分区与空间开发引导研究: 以无锡市为例. 湖泊科学, 2008, 20(1): 129-134.]

[6] Lu Dadao. The Theory and Practice of Industrial Distribution in China. Beijing: Science Press, 1990: 1-12.
[陆大道. 中 国工业布局的理论与实践. 北京: 科学出版社, 1990: 1-12.]

[7] Guo Hongfei, Ni Jinren, Wang Yudong. Regional waste-load allocation based on macroeconomic optimization model. Journal of Basic Science and Engineering, 2003, 11(2): 133-142.
[郭宏飞, 倪晋仁, 王裕东. 基于宏观经济优化模型的 区域污染负荷分配. 应用基础与工程科学学报, 2003, 11(2): 133-142.]

[8] Omernik J M. Ecoregions of the conterminous United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 1987, 77: 118-125.

[9] Austrian Standards Institute. Guidelines for the Ecological Survey and Evaluation of Flowing Surface Waters. Vienna: Austrian Standards Norm M 6232, 1997.

[10] Davies P E. Development of a national river bioassessment system, AUSR IVAS in Australia//Wright J F, Sutcliffe D W, Furse M T et al. Assessing the Biological Quality of Fresh Waters RIVPACS and Other Techniques. Cumbria, UK: Freshwater Biological Association, 2000: 113-124.

[11] Hemsley F B. Classification of the biological quality of rivers in England and Wales//Wright J F, Sutcliffe D W, Furse M T et al.//Assessing the Biological Quality of Fresh Waters RIVPACS and Other Techniques. Cumbria, UK: Freshwater Biological Association, 2000: 55-69.

[12] Snelder T H. Biggsbarry J F. Multiscale river environment classification for water resources management. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 2002, 38: 1226-1239.

[13] Xia Qing. Regionalization of the Water Environmental Protect Function Areas. Beijing: China Ocean Press, 1989.
[夏 青. 水环境保护功能区划分. 北京: 海洋出版社, 1989.]

[14] Wang Chao, Zhu Dangsheng, Cheng Xiaobing. Surface water function regionalization system. Journal of Hohai University: Natural Sciences, 2002, 30(5): 7-11.
[王超, 朱党生, 程晓冰. 地表水功能区划分系统的研究. 河海大学学 报: 自然科学版, 2002, 30(5): 7-11.]

[15] Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS. Lake Annals of Jiangsu Province. Nanjing: Jiangsu Science Press, 1982.
[中国科学院南京地理研究所. 江苏湖泊志. 南京: 江苏科学技术出版社, 1982.]

[16] Environmental Protection Department of Jiangsu Province. Jiangsu Water Environmental Quality State in July 2009. August 2009.
[江苏省环境保护厅. 2009 年7月江苏省水环境质量状况, 2009 年8 月.]

[17] Zhang Limin, Xia Mingfang, Wang Chun et al. Water environment status of the 12 largest lakes of Jiangsu Province and corresponding suggestion on the pollution control measures. The Administration and Technique of Environmental Monitoring, 2008, 20(2): 46-50.
[张利民, 夏明芳, 王春等. 江苏省12 大湖泊水环境现状与污染控制建议. 环境监测 管理与技术, 2008, 20(2): 46-50.]

[18] Environmental Protection Department of Jiangsu Province. Jiangsu Environmental State Bulletin in 2005. 2006.
[江苏 省环境保护厅. 江苏省环境状况公报(2005). 2006.]

[19] Sun Wei, Chen Wen, Dun Xuejun et al. The feasible development regionalization of land use based on the ecological-economic analysis approach in lakeshore city area: Taking Wuxi as a case. Journal of Lake Sciences, 2007, 19(2): 190-196.
[孙伟, 陈雯, 段学军等. 基于生态-经济重要性的滨湖城市土地开发适宜性分区研究. 湖泊科学, 2007, 19(2): 190-196.]

[20] Yang Guishan. Introduction of the Basin Comprehensive Management. Beijing: Science Press, 2004.
[杨桂山. 流域综 合管理导论. 北京: 科学出版社, 2004.]