Industrial Specialization of Equipment Manufacturing Industry in the Three Provinces of Northeast China

  • School of Urban and Environmental Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China

Received date: 2010-01-31

  Revised date: 2010-05-25

  Online published: 2010-08-20


The equipment manufacturing industry is the strategic industry which relates to the national economy development, especially in the old Northeast China industrial base including Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning provinces. In this paper, we study models of regional specialization composed of location quotient model, probability distribution and ergodic probabilities model, transition matrix and correlation coefficient model. We calculate the location quotients that can evaluate the level of the specialization of equipment manufacturing industry. Then we adopt discrete-time Markov chain to simulate the probability distribution of location quotient and obtain the transition matrix. We calculate the ergodic probabilities that are used to estimate whether the specialization of regional industry has converged to the steady states and invoke the correlation coeffecient to see the potential of the three provinces in regional specialization division. Based on the analyses of all the indexes of equipment manufacturing industry from 1993 to 2006 in the three provinces, we find that the development of equipment manufacturing industry in the region is not balanced, the grades exist and the gap will be widened. The regional specialization is emerging. Overall, Liaoning is better than Jilin and Heilongjiang, transportation equipment manufacturing industry in Jilin is dominant in the region, even in the whole country. Generally, as a traditional industrial base, Northeast China is unstable in equipment manufacturing industry, and great mobility still exists.

Cite this article

HAN Zenglin, XU Dan, GUO Jianke . Industrial Specialization of Equipment Manufacturing Industry in the Three Provinces of Northeast China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2010 , 65(8) : 899 -906 . DOI: 10.11821/xb201008001


[1] Xu Kangning, Feng Xiaohu. An authentic proof study of the regional concentration of China's manufacture. Journal of Southeast University: Philosophy and Social Science Edition, 2003, 5(1): 37-42.
[徐康宁, 冯小虎. 中国制造业地区性集 中程度的实证研究. 东南大学学报: 哲学社会科学版, 2003, 5(1): 37-42.]

[2] Wang Jici. The characteristics and location patterns of China's manufacturing clusters. Areal Research and Development, 2003, 22(6): 29-33.
[王缉慈. 我国制造业集群分布现状及其发展特征. 地域研究与开发, 2003, 22(6): 29-33.]

[3] Zhang Mi'er, Jiang Shisong. Innovation interaction and industrial structure upgrading of equipment manufacturing industry. Science of Science and Management of S & T, 2004, (10): 24-27.
[张米尔, 江诗松. 创新互动与装备制造业结 构升级. 科学学与科学技术管理, 2004, (10): 24-27.]

[4] Luis Fernando Lanaspa, Fernando Sanz. The evolution of the U.S. industrial landscape, 1969-1995. The annals of Regional Science, 2003, 37: 239-258.

[5] Wang Zheng, Li Gangqiang, Xie Shuling et al. Industrial specialization of new economic industry in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2007, 62(8): 831-839.
[王铮, 李刚强, 谢书玲等. 中国新经济产业区域专业化水平分析. 地理学 报, 2007, 62(8): 831-839.]

[6] Paul Krugman. Geography and Trade. Zhang Zhaojie trans. Beijing: Peking University Press, 2000: 53-57.
[保罗·克鲁 格曼. 地理和贸易. 张兆杰译. 北京: 北京大学出版社, 2000: 53-57.]

[7] Wen Mei. Relocation and agglomeration of Chinese industry. Economic Research Journal, 2004, (2): 84-94.
[文玫. 中国 工业在区域上的重新定位和集聚. 经济研究, 2004, (2): 84-94.]

[8] Liang Qi. Gini-coefficient of Chinese manufacturing industry. Statistical Research, 2003, (9): 21-25.
[梁琦. 中国工业的 区位基尼系数: 兼论外商直接投资对制造业集聚的影响. 统计研究, 2003, (9): 21-25.]

[9] Wei Botong, Zhou Jiewen. Economic integration, regional specialization and spatial distribution of manufacturing in China. Economic Management, 2008, (30): 120-125.
[魏博通, 周杰文. 经济一体化、地区专业化与中国制造业的空间分布. 经济管理, 2008, (30): 120-125.]

[10] Liang Qi. Division in manufacturing industry, specialization and its comparison with international ones. World Economy, 2004, (12): 32-40.
[梁琦. 中国制造业分工、地方专业化及其国际比较. 世界经济, 2004, (12): 32-40.]

[11] Bai Chong'en, Du Yingjuan, Tao Zhigang et al. Local protectionism and industrial concentration in China: Overall trend and important factors. Economic Research Journal, 2004, (4): 29-40.
[白重恩, 杜颖娟, 陶志刚等. 地方保护主义 及产业地区集中度的决定因素和变动趋势. 经济研究, 2004, (4): 29-40.]

[12] Wren C, Taylor J. Industrial restructuring and regional policy. Oxford Economic Papers, 1999, 51(3): 487-516.

[13] Barrios S, Strobl E. Industry mobility and geographic concentration in the European Union. Economics Letters, 2004, 82(1): 71-75

[14] Ellison G, Glaeser E L. Geographic concentration in U.S. manufacturing industries: A Dartboard approach. The Journal of Political Economy, 1997, 105(5): 889-927.

[15] Liu Xiaohong, Li Guoping. An empirical analysis of regional industrial structure based on location quotient. Statistics and Decision, 2006, (3): 78-79.
[刘晓红, 李国平. 基于区位商分析的区域产业结构实证研究. 统计与决策, 2006, (3): 78-79.]

[16] Mao Jiaqiang, Wang Peijia. Analysis of the industrial cluster in Shaanxi Province based on a location quotient method. Journal of Lanzhou University: Social Sciences, 2007, 35(6): 134-137.
[毛加强, 王陪珈. 基于区位商方法的陕西产业 集群识别与检验. 兰州大学学报: 社会科学版, 2007, 35(6): 134-137.]

[17] Zong Gang, Li Hongli. Analysis on the competitive industry in Beijing based on regional specialization index. Market Modernization, 2006, (1): 181-182.
[宗刚, 李红丽. 基于地区专业化指数的北京优势产业分析. 商场现代化, 2006, (1): 181-182.]

[18] Zong Jiafeng, Cao Min. Regional specialization and geographic concentration: Empirical studies of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. Journal of Xiamen Liniversity: Arts and Social Sciences, 2006, (5): 122-128.
[踪家峰, 曹敏. 地区专业化与 产业地理集中的实证分析: 以京津冀地区为例. 厦门大学学报: 哲学社会科学版, 2006, (5): 122-128.]

[19] Quah D T. Empirical cross-section dynamics in economic growth. European Economic Review, 1993, 37: 426-434.

[20] Wang Xiaoyu, Ye Yumin. Analysis of development barriers in Northeast China's equipment manufacturing industry. Northeast Asia Forum, 2008, 17(3): 73-78.
[王晓宇, 叶裕民. 东北装备制造业发展障碍分析. 东北亚论坛, 2008, 17 (3): 73-78.]