Cultivated Land Change in Urbanization Process of Shijiazhuang City

  • 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Land Use Planning Institute of Hebei Territorial Resources Office, Shijiazhuang 050051, China

Received date: 2002-10-17

  Revised date: 2003-03-25

  Online published: 2003-07-25

Supported by

Knowledge Innovation Project of the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, No.CXIOG-B00-04


Based on remote sensing images of 2000 and the land use vector map of 1995, through superposing and analyzing, we achieve the tempo-spatial process of land use change from 1995 to 2000 in Shijiazhuang City. By using data obtained from interpretation of remote sensing images and other statistical sources, we analyzed land use change patterns in Shijiazhuang City and their driving forces. The main conclusions include: (1) The main characteristics of the city's land use change are the obvious reduction of the cultivated land and the subsequent rapid increase of the constructive land, with the maximum increase of land area of single enterprise or mine land use type through taking up cultivated land. This shows a dissimilar pattern of cultivated land decrease with the whole country and some other regions. In China and the Bohai Rim, the main reason for cultivated land decrease is structural adjustment within agricultural sector. In Shijiazhuang City, the contribution of cultivated land decrease to structural adjustment in agricultural sector makes up only 38% of the total decrease, while that to occupation by construction land use makes up 52.3%. (2) As to spatial pattern, the cultivated land decrease in most counties of plain area and increase in few counties in mountainous area result from the exploitation and resuming cultivation of barren land. (3) Humanistic driving forces are the main reason for the cultivated land change in Shijiazhuang which include economic factor, population factor and policy factor. (4) The urban land use gives little help to the reduction of the cultivated land. Data show that the decrease of the cultivated land is inferior to the increase of urban level from which we know the use of cultivated land in Shijiazhuang is suitable. (5) At present, the urbanization process in Shijiazhuang is only in initial stages. About 2/3 of land use increase for non-agricultural use contributes to the occupation of township and rural enterprises. If there is no regulation and planning to control, land use for this purpose would be overdone.

Cite this article

ZHANG Junyan, JIA Shaofeng, GAO Ting . Cultivated Land Change in Urbanization Process of Shijiazhuang City[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2003 , 58(4) : 620 -628 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200304018


[1] Yu Xingxiu, Yang Guishan. The advances and problems of land use and land cover change research in China. Progress in Geography, 2002, 21(1): 51-57.
[于兴修, 杨桂山. 中国土地利用/覆被变化研究的现状与问题. 地理科学进展, 2002, 21(1): 51-57.]

[2] Shi Peijun, Chen Jin, Pan Yaozhong. Landuse change mechanism in Shenzhen city. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2000, 55(2): 151-160.
[史培军, 陈晋, 潘耀忠. 深圳市土地利用变化机制分析. 地理学报, 2000, 55(2): 151-160.]

[3] Zhu Huiyi, He Shujin. Driving forces analysis of land use change in Bohai Rim. Geographical Research, 2001, 20(6): 669-678.
[朱会义, 何书金. 环渤海地区土地利用变化的驱动力分析. 地理研究, 2001, 20(6): 669-678.]

[4] Liu Shenghe, Wu Chuanjun. A GIS based model of urban land use growth in Beijing. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2000, 55(4): 407-416.
[刘盛和, 吴传钧. 基于GIS的北京城市土地利用扩展模式. 地理学报, 2000, 55(4): 407-416.]

[5] Zhu Huiyi, Li Xiubin, He Shujin. Spatial temporal change of land use in Bohai Rim. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2001, 56(3): 253-260.
[朱会义, 李秀彬, 何书金. 环渤海地区土地利用的时空变化分析. 地理学报, 2001, 56(3): 253-260.]

[6] He Chunyang, Shi Peijun. Process and mechanism of urbanization in Beijing area. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2002, 57(3): 363-371.
[何春阳, 史培军. 北京地区城市化过程与机制研究. 地理学报, 2002, 57(3): 363-371.]

[7] Zhu Huiyi, He Shujin. GIS Spatial analysis and its application in the research of land use change. Progress in Geography, 2001, 20(2): 104-110.
[朱会义, 何书金. 土地利用变化研究中的GIS空间分析方法及其应用. 地理科学进展, 2001, 20(2): 104-110.]

[8] Wang Xiulan, Bao Yuhai. Study on the methods of land use dynamic change research. Progress in Geography, 1999, 18(1): 81-87.
[王秀兰, 包玉海. 土地利用动态变化研究方法探讨. 地理科学进展, 1999, 18(1): 81-87.]

[9] Shao Xiaomei, Yang Qinye, Zhang Hongye. A study on trend and driving forces of cultivated land use change in Shandong province. Geographical Research, 2001, 20(3): 298-305.
[邵晓梅, 杨勤业, 张洪业. 山东省耕地变化趋势及驱动力研究. 地理研究, 2001, 20(3): 298-305.]

[10] Long Hualou, Li Xiubin. Land use pattern in transect of the Yangtse River and its influential factors. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2001, 56(4): 407-416.燵龙花楼, 李秀彬. 长江沿线样带土地利用格局及其影响因子分析. 地理学报, 2001, 56(4): 407-416.]

[11] Ning Yuemin. New process of urbanization. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1998, 53(5): 470-477.
[宁越敏. 新城市化进程——90年代中国城市化动力机制和特点探讨. 地理学报, 1998, 53(5): 470-477 ]

[12] Jia Shaofeng. Forecast and countermeasures of the change of the cultivated area China. Progress in Geography, 1997, 16(1): 24-30.
[贾绍凤. 我国耕地变化趋势与对策再探讨. 地理科学进展, 1997, 16(1): 24-30.]

[13] Huang Ningsheng, Zhu Zhaoyu, Qiao Yulou et al. An analysis on the changes of cultivatied land in urbanization progress in the Pearl River Delta. Tropical Geography, 1998, 18(4): 296-301.
[黄宁生, 朱照宇, 乔玉楼 等. 珠江三角洲城市化进程中耕地面积的变化特征分析. 热带地理, 1998, 18(4): 296-301.]

[14] Shi Yulong. Analysis of land resources utilization in the process of urbanization in China. China Population, Resources and Environment, 2000, 10(4): 45-49.
[史育龙. 我国城市化进程对土地资源影响的程度分析. 中国人口资源与环境, 2000, 10(4): 45-49.]

[15] Land Use Planning Institute of Hebei Territorial Resources Office. Land & Resources Statistical Yearbook of Heibei Province, 2000.
[河北省国土资源管理厅. 河北省国土资源统计年报 (2000年).]

[16] Population Statistical Yearbook of China. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 2001.
[中国人口统计年鉴. 北京: 中国统计出版社, 2001.]

[17] Fu Xiaofeng. An analysis on changes of the land use structure in the south of Jiangsu. Progress in Geography, 1997, 16(4): 11-18.
[傅小锋. 苏南地区土地利用结构变化分析. 地理科学进展, 1997, 16(4): 11-18.]

[18] Xu Heping et al. Comparison of Urbanization and Selection of Urbanization Way in China. Guiyang: Guizhou People's Press, 2000. 4-10.
[徐和平 等著. 城市化比较与中国城市化道路选择. 贵阳: 贵州人民出版社, 2000. 4-10.]

[19] Wang Jian (ed.). Region and Development. Hangzhou: Zhejiang People's Press, 1998. 120-122.
[王建 主编. 区域与发展. 杭州: 浙江人民出版社, 1998. 120-122.]

[20] Zhang Hua. Urban construction and land protection. Resources﹒Industry, 2000, (3-4): 51-55.
[张华. 论城市化建设与耕地保护. 资源产业,2000, (3-4): 51-55.]