Process and Mechanism of Urbanization in Beijing Area

  • Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Normal University; Institute of Resources Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received date: 2001-11-12

  Revised date: 2002-02-26

  Online published: 2002-05-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 39899374


Urbanization has become one of the most important methods for human to change the earth. The paper analyzes the process and mechanism of urbanization in the past two decades. Based on the analysis, three models are further explored. The first one is the polygon urbanization of the central city and the sub-central cities; the second one is the line urbanization along the major roads between the central city and the sub-central cities; the third one is the point urbanization with the non-urban land between the central city and the sub-central cities. Of them, the polygon urbanization of the central city held the leading position, while after the 1990s, the point urbanization developed very fast, causing the patch density of the urban land increase. The expansion of urban land and the formation of the regional city pattern are the result of the collective effects between the exogenous driving forces, such as population, economic policy and so on, and the internal suitable factors, such as traffic condition, locations, landforms, etc. Of them, the government behavior, such as urban planning and industrial policy, and the existing city pattern and traditional culture developed during the past 3000 years has exerted more important impacts than others on development process of this modern city.

Cite this article

HE Chunyang, SHI Peijun, CHEN Jin, XU Xiaoli . Process and Mechanism of Urbanization in Beijing Area[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2002 , 57(3) : 365 -372 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200203013


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