On Barrier-Lagoon Development and GPR Application in BO'AO Area

  • 1. The Key Laboratory of Coast and Island Development, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Dept. of Land Resource Science, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIE 4E5

Received date: 2001-12-17

  Revised date: 2002-03-06

  Online published: 2002-05-25

Supported by

Project of the Cooperation between China and Canada, No. CCHEP282/19736


A suite of sedimentary sequences and a three-dimensional (3D) observation of coastal bar and shoal deposits from sandy gravel coast zone in Bo'ao, eastern Hainan Island were made using cores, outcrops and ground-penetrating-radar (GPR) profiles. According to litho-facies distribution, three sedimentary sequences are distinguished in sedimentary columns, which constitutes an upward coarse-fine-coarse cycle. GPR reflectors show that water table in the area is located about 6 m below the surface and the reflective signals decrease rapidly under the water surface due to absorption of saturated sand to the electromagnetic (EM) waves. The GPR electromagnetic wave penetrates less than 5 m on modern beach because of the intrusion of salted sea water. The same phenomenon is encountered on the shoal near the lagoon where the ground water invades sediments. Several GPR facies can be identified from the profiles. As to Yudai Tan coastal bar, two types of reflector configurations of regional significance were verified up and down the water surface or unconformity in some places. Parallel to slightly wavy reflectors above water surface contrast with hummocky, chaotic, oblique and hyperbola reflectors below the water surface. The former reflectors may indicate homogeneous and fine to medium sand while the latter indicates an increase in the content of coarse sand and gravel. Discontinues, hummocky and chaotic reflectors identified on Nangang Cun shoal may indicate an alternation between sand and clay during deposition. The results show that the Nangang Cun shoal may develop in late Holocene period and before it joined the coastal bar, there was a lagoonal region separating them. It is indicated that GPR is a reliable, rapid, and economical method for high-resolution profiling of subsurface sediments in sandy gravel coastal zone. In order to increase the reliability, continuous geological logs from test holes, wells and outcrops are needed to interpret the radar data.

Cite this article

YIN Yong, ZHU Dakui, WANG Ying, GE Chendong, I. Peter Martini . On Barrier-Lagoon Development and GPR Application in BO'AO Area[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2002 , 57(3) : 301 -309 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200203006


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