The Distribution and Types of Old Industrial Areas in China

  • 1. Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    2. Changchun Institute of Geography, CAS, Changchun 130021, China

Received date: 2001-09-11

  Revised date: 2002-04-07

  Online published: 2002-07-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40071042


Old industrial areas first appeared in Britain and some other Western developed countries more than a century ago. In China, because of some problems existing in the industrial structure and the dominant industry, several provinces that had been prosperous now are declining. In those provinces, the speed of the economic development is slowing down, and many social problems are getting more and more serious. In fact, those regions have become old industrial areas. In this paper, considering the foreign researches on old industrial areas and the realities of China, the authors put forward four characters of the old industrial areas of China. They are as follows: uncoordinated in industrial structure, the dominant industries are at the end of the regional life cycle, the regions had been prosperous for a long time but now are declining, the living standard of the people is low and the social problems are serious. Considering the data's acquirability, the authors put forward four criterions and twelve indexes which are used to plot out the old industrial areas of China, and set up a suit of estimation system correspondingly. Based on those criterions, indexes and estimation system, the authors make an analysis of China in the unit of province. In the end, the provinces of China are classified into five elementary types: old industrial areas, quasi-old industrial areas, industrializing areas, regular development areas and rapid development areas. Heilongjiang, Shanxi, Liaoning and Jilin are presently the old industrial areas of China in this paper.

Cite this article

LI Guoping, XUAN Zhaohui, LI Fang . The Distribution and Types of Old Industrial Areas in China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2002 , 57(4) : 469 -478 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200204012


[1] Steiner M. Old industrial area: a theoretical approach. Urban Studies, 1985, 22: 389-398.

[2] Steiner M, Posch U. Problems of structural in old industrial area: a factors analytical approach. Environment and Planning, 1985, 17: 1127-1139.

[3] Markusen A R. Profit Cycles, Oligopoly, and Regional Development. Boston: The MIT Press, 1985.

[4] Kato Yoshimasa. The decline and restructure of OLA (Old Industrial Area). In: Hisao Nishioka, Matsubashi Koji. Mechanism of Industrial District. Tokyo: Taimeido Publishing Co. Ltd., 1990. 85-96.
[加藤惠正. OIA (Old Industrial Area)の衰退と再編. 西岡久雄、松橋公治 編.産業空間のダイナミズム. 東京: 大名堂, 1990. 85-96.]

[5] Sshefer D, Frenkel A. Local milieu and innovations:some empirical results. Regional Sciences, 1998, 32: 185-200.

[6] Park O, Markusen A. Generalizing new industrial districts: a theoretical agenda and an application from a non-western economy. Environment and Planning, 1995, 27: 84-104.

[7] McCrone G. Regional Policy in Britain. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1969. 92-115.

[8] Tsuji Goichi. Regional policy of Britain. In: Kawashima Tetsuro, Kamozawa Gan. Regional Policy of Modern World. Tokyo: Taimeido Publishing Co. Ltd., 1988. 23-47.
[辻 悟一.イギリスの地域政策. 川島哲郎, 鴨澤厳 編著. 現代世界の地域政策. 東京: 大明堂, 1988. 23-47.]

[9] Li Wenyan. Industrial development and city planning in the case of the Chinese coal-mining cities. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1978, 33(1): 63-79.
[李文彦. 煤矿城市的工业发展与城市规划问题. 地理学报, 1978, 33(1): 63-79.]

[10] Fan Jie. A study on the industrial structure transformation of coal-mine cities in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1993, 48(3): 218-226.
[樊杰. 我国煤矿城市产业结构转换问题研究. 地理学报, 1993, 48(3): 218-226.]

[11] Bao Shoubai et al. The Development Mode of the Specific Industrial and Mining Cities. Beijing: Science Press, 2000. 14-54.
[鲍寿柏 等. 专业性工矿城市发展模式. 北京: 科学出版社, 2000. 14-54.]

[12] Zhang Lei. Mineral life-cycle curve and its implication in regional development. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1997, 52(6): 500-506.
[张雷. 现代区域开发的矿产资源需求生命周期研究及意义. 地理学报, 1997, 52(6): 500-506.]

[13] Guo Shufen. Analysis on development stages of coal-industry city. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 1999, 19(5): 457-461.
[郭淑芬. 煤矿城市发展阶段划分探析. 地理科学, 1999, 19(5): 457-461.]

[14] Li Chenggu. A study on the mechanism of recession and structure transformation of northeast old industrial base.Scientia Geographica Sinica, 1996, 16(2): 106-114.
[李诚固. 东北老工业基地衰退机制与结构转换研究. 地理科学, 1996, 16(2): 106-114.]

[15] Li Guoping. The estimation and explanation of the level of industrial development and difference within the area in Northeast China. In: Collection of Theses Presented on the Sixth Youth Geographers' Seminar of the Geographical Society of China. Economic Geography (Supplement), 1997: 253-260.
[李国平. 东北地区工业发展水平及其区内差异的测度与解释. 见: 中国地理学会第六届青年地理工作者学术讨论会文集. 经济地理, 1997(增刊): 253-260.]