The Basis for Establishing China's 1:1,000,000 Soil Database

  • Institute of Soil Science, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China

Received date: 2002-05-09

  Revised date: 2002-10-22

  Online published: 2002-12-25

Supported by

Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, No.KZCXZ-308; National Key Project for Basic Research, No.G1999011810; Research Project of Institute of Soil Science, CAS, No.005102


An overview of the development process of soil information system in China and abroad, which was the basis of "digtal soils", was conducted systematically, and particularly the establishing basis and the design of spatial database for China's 1:1,000,000 soil database were introduced in detail. According to the regulation of the research group, the codes for soil order, great group and subgroup were designed and were also listed in this article. Then the creation method, main content and corresponding parameters of the soil attribute database were all expounded. Furthermore some preliminary suggestions to the national soil database were also put forward.

Cite this article

ZHANG Dingxiang, SHI Xuezheng, YU Dongsheng, PAN Xianzhang, SUN Weixia . The Basis for Establishing China's 1:1,000,000 Soil Database[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2002 , 57(7s) : 82 -86 . DOI: 10.11821/xb20027s012


[1] Xu Guanhua, Sun Shu et al. Meeting the challenge of "Digital Earth". Journal of Remote Sensing, 1999, 3(2): 85-88.
[徐冠华, 孙枢 等. 迎接"数字地球"的挑战. 遥感学报, 1999, 3(2): 85-88.]

[2] Shi Xuezheng, Yu Dongsheng. "The Digital Soils": the opportunity and challenge faced by soil science in 21st century. Chinese Bulletin of Soils, 2000, 31(3): 104-106.
[史学正, 于东升. "数字土壤"——21世纪土壤学面临的机遇与挑战, 土壤通报, 2000, 31(3): 104-106.]

[3] Zhang Ganlin, Gong Zitong, Luo Guobao et al. Structure, contents and application of National soil information system. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2001, 21(5): 401-405.
[张甘霖, 龚子同, 骆国保 等. 国家土壤信息系统的结构、内容与应用. 地理科学, 2001, 21(5): 401-405.]

[4] Dumanski T et al. Concepts, objectives and structure of the Canada soil information system. Canada Journal of Soil Science, 1975, 55(2): 181-187.

[5] Lioyd E Wright et al. LESA: agricultural land evaluation and site assessment. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 1983, 38(2): 82-87.

[6] Zhou Huizhen. Soil geographical information system. Advances in Soil Science, 1993, 21(6): 32-36.
[周慧珍. 土壤地理信息系统. 土壤学进展, 1993, 21(6): 32-36.]

[7] Zhang Dingxiang, Yu Dongsheng, Shi Xuezheng. Establishment of SOTER database of southern Jiangsu Province and its application for evaluation of paddy soil productivity. Acta of Anhui Agricultural University, 2001, 28(2): 119-124.
[张定祥, 于东升, 史学正. 苏南SOTER数据库的建立及其在水稻土生产力评价的应用. 安徽农业大学学报, 2001, 28(2): 119-124.]

[8] Xi Chengfan. Soils of China. Beijing: China Agricultural Press, 1998. 1-1253.
[席承藩. 中国土壤. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 1998. 1-1253.]

[9] The Office for the Second National Soil Survey of China. Soil Series of China. Beijing: China Agricultural Press, 1996. 1-898.
[中国土壤普查办公室. 中国土种志. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 1996. 1-898.]

[10] Zhang Dingxiang, Shi Xuezheng, Pan Xianzhang et al. Several questions on construction of Chinese soil database at a scale of 1:1M. Bulletin of Soil Science, 2002.
[张定祥, 史学正, 潘贤章 等. 中国1:100万土壤数据库建设中的几个问题. 土壤通报, 2002.]