The Simulation of Snowmelt Runoff Model in the Dongkemadi River Basin, Headwater of the Yangtze River

  • Cold and Arid Regions Environmental Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China

Received date: 2006-04-15

  Revised date: 2006-09-19

  Online published: 2006-11-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40301010; No.40371026; Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, No.KZCX3-SW-345


As the representation of the typical river basin of headwater of the Yangtze River, Tibetan Plateau, Dongkemadi River Basin has glacier and snow accumulation. This paper uses the Snowmelt Runoff Model to simulate effects of different divisions of Dongkemadi River Basin to the hydrological process and simulate temperature at different stations as the driving factor to the effects of hydrological simulation, based on the hydrological data and meteorological data observed from May to October in 2005. According to the simulations, a final simulation scheme is selected as the final decision. The simulation result of different divisions of Dongkemadi River Basin shows its effect to the simulation. Simulation using different temperatures as driving factor shows that the SRM model is very sensitive to the effects of different temperatures. The correlation analysis shows that the correlation between runoff and air temperature is relatively good with best linear correlation coefficient reaching 0.72, but it can only reach 0.20 between runoff and precipitation. Based on the simulation and correlation analysis, the appropriate division and representative air temperature are selected to simulate the Dongkemadi River Basin's hydrological process. The coefficient of Nash Sutcliffe (R2) is 0.83 and the volume difference of streamflow is 0.95%. Considering the sensitivity of the SRM model to air temperature, we simulated the relationship among air temperature, precipitation and runoff when the temperature rises by 1oC. The simulation result shows that: (1) The total amount of streamflow in the simulation period changed from 25.5 × 106 m3 to 33 × 106 m3; (2) The glacial mass balance line ascended from 5600 m to 5750 m and the area of ablation in Dongkemadi enlarged from 5.8 km2 to 13.5 km2, so that the contribution of the streamflow from glacial ablation is much greater; (3) because of the rise of air temperature, the speedup of snowmelt and the change of precipitation state are the main reasons of the runoff increase from May to June. The rise of runoff from July to October is mainly caused by the melting of glacier.

Cite this article

LIU Junfeng, YANG Jianping, CHEN Rensheng, YANG Yong . The Simulation of Snowmelt Runoff Model in the Dongkemadi River Basin, Headwater of the Yangtze River[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2006 , 61(11) : 1149 -1159 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200611004


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