Progress and Perspective of Geographical-ecological Processes

  • 1. The State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS,Beijing 100085, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of Ministry of Education; College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received date: 2006-07-10

  Revised date: 2006-09-26

  Online published: 2006-11-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40321101; No.40501002; No.90502007


Under the background of human activity and global environmental change, the research of traditional geographical-ecological processes are undergoing fundamental change over the past few decades. Based on the general overview of the research situation, the development and perspective of geographical-ecological processes are discussed in the paper. From the research progress of geographical-ecological processes, it can be inferred that the basic science research issues of geographical-ecological processes include: (1) structure and processes, which consist of structure, function, dynamic, driving forces, processes and mechanism; (2) synthesis and integration, involving elements integration, processes integration, regional integration, and other scientific points. And the studies of geographical-ecological processes focus on the scale-structure-process interactions, natural-economic-social interactions, topographical-hydro-ecological processes mutual coupling, geographical-ecological processes and the combination with resources environmental effects. The research of geographical-ecological processes in the development is showing a systematic, integrated, cross-cutting and applied development trend. And the critical issues of geographical-ecological processes in the future study can be summarized as follows: (1) the processes of materials, energy and biological flows in earth surface systems; (2) the driving forces, procedure, effects of earth's surface environment; (3) regional composition and regional heterogeneity; (4) scale and scaling; (5) holistic synthesis of geography; (6) innovation of methodology; and (7) application of the geographical-ecological processes research. To promote geographical-ecological processes study in the future, more attentions should be paid to the following issues: (1) observation, experimentation, investigation and simulation; (2) integration of remote sensing and field observation; (3) regional integration and global research; and (4) interdisciplinary research.

Cite this article

FU Bojie,ZHAO Wenwu,CHEN Liding . Progress and Perspective of Geographical-ecological Processes[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2006 , 61(11) : 1123 -1131 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200611001


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