New Urbanization Strategy for Revitalizing the Tradianal Industrial Base of Northeast China

  • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS, Changchun 130012, China

Received date: 2004-04-06

  Revised date: 2004-06-20

  Online published: 2004-12-25

Supported by

Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, No.KZCX2-SW-320


Northeast China is a typical old industrial area with high urbanization level in China. There are 90 cities in 2000, and urbanization level is 46.55%, which is around 10 percent higher than the average level of the whole country. However, since 1978, the area has experienced a tough reconstruction process. Regional development lagged behind in respect to southeast coastal area, and the rate of urbanization slowed down, urbanization quality was low. Due to the decline of traditional industries, regional urbanization was encountered with all problems such as state owned enterprises reform, unemployment and laid-off workers, transformation of the resources-exhausted cities, and eco-environmental quality degradation etc., hence to quicken the pace of urbanization and improve urbanization quality becomes a key way in revitalizing the old industrial base. According to the current situation, regional urbanization tendency, characteristics of the declining area, and related urban regeneration theories, the authors put forward a new urbanization strategy for the old industrial base. The overall object is to reconstruct Northeast China into a modern settlement system with prosperous economy, advanced cultural society, beautiful physical environment, clear urban function, reasonable distribution and coordinating structure of different sized cities. The general layout is to establish 4 megalopolises centered by Dalian, Shenyang, Changchun and Harbin, which have the potential to form a huge megalopolis along the key traffic axis from Harbin to Dalian. There are 6 key aspects for carrying out the new urbanization strategy, which are transforming economic structure of the resources exploiting city, regenerating the old industrial zone inside big city, improving industrial agglomeration and reorganizing industries among the megalopolises, rural urbanization, accelerating urban informationization, renovating urban environment and renewing urban ecology. The authors give an in-depth analysis on the existing problems in relation to the above aspects and bring forward main countermeasures.

Cite this article

ZHANG Pingyu, MA Yanji, LIU Wenxin, CHEN Qunyuan . New Urbanization Strategy for Revitalizing the Tradianal Industrial Base of Northeast China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2004 , 59(7s) : 109 -115 . DOI: 10.11821/xb20047s015


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