The Tr ansmutation of Settlements of Prehistor ic Cultures in Eastern Qinghai Caused by Climate Change

  • 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. School of Life and Geographic Science, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China

Received date: 2007-07-01

  Revised date: 2007-11-12

  Online published: 2008-01-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771211; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KZCX2-YW-315


There are many prehistoric relics in the Gaomiao Basin. The location of the prehistoric relics closely relates to the natural environment, especially to rivers and terraces. At 5-4 ka BP, the climate of Gaomiao Basin was humid and warm. It was the period from the Majiayao culture to the Machang culture. During this period, the distribution of settlements in this region changed from T3 to T2. The distribution format was also changed from even-distribution to concentration with numbers and scales keeping expanding. Up to the time of Machang culture, the development of settlements reached the climax. Medium-sized settlements appeared, raised to the second level and became the center of the whole region. At 4 ka BP, the climate changed abruptly and the rapid decline in temperature led to the transition from Qijia Culture to Kayue Culture and then to Xindian Culture. What's more, the development of settlements declined. Therefore, the climate changes greatly impacted the transmutation of settlements. Meanwhile, the transmutation also responded to the climate changes sensitively.

Cite this article

HOU Guangliang,LIU Fenggui,XIAO Lingbo,ZEN Zaozao . The Tr ansmutation of Settlements of Prehistor ic Cultures in Eastern Qinghai Caused by Climate Change[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2008 , 63(1) : 34 -40 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200801004


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