Regional Economic Disparities and Coordination of Economic Development in Coastal Areas of Southeastern China, 1995- 2005

  • School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China

Received date: 2007-06-07

  Revised date: 2007-11-20

  Online published: 2008-02-25

Supported by

Project of Science and Technology Department of Fujian Province, No.2004R12; Key Project of Human Geography from College of Geographical Science, Fujian Normal University


The coastal areas of southeastern China are the main force engine of China's economic growth. With its fast development, remarkable economic disparities occurred and along with the deepening of the reform and opening up policy in recent years, the economic disparities presented an expanding tendency. Based on 55 cities in the coastal areas of southeastern China during the period 1995-2005, this paper carried out a preliminary exploration of the changes in overall and partial spatial differences and the spatial pattern evolution, characteristics and causes. First, 1995-2005, the difference in the coastal areas of southeastern China at the level of economic development and the trend of the "polarization" are consistent, which proved that there exists a "polarization" phenomenon in southeastern coastal areas. Second, 1995-2003, the regional economic disparities in southeastern coastal areas continue to expand during this period. The economic disparities of the three major regions show a south-to-north gradual declining trend, indicating that such periodic changes in regional differences were mainly caused by the internal differences in Guangdong and Fujian. Since 2003, the economic differences in the southeastern coastal areas have been shrunk, and meanwhile the differences in the economic development of the three major regions also show a shrinking trend, which are the same as to the overall difference in the coastal areas of southeastern China , mainly due to the balanced development of the Yangtze River Delta region. Finally, the spatial evolution of the regional economy and regional economic differences are in the same line, corresponding to a "polarization → proliferation" phenomenon.

Cite this article

WU Shidai, WANG Qiang . Regional Economic Disparities and Coordination of Economic Development in Coastal Areas of Southeastern China, 1995- 2005[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2008 , 63(2) : 123 -134 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200802002


[1] Li Xiaojian, Qiao Jiajun. County level economic disparities of China in the 1990s. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2001, 56 (2): 136-145.
[李小健, 乔家君. 20 世纪90 年代中国县际经济. 地理学报, 2001, 56(2): 136-145.]

[2] Xu Jianhua, Lu Feng, Su Fanglin et al. Spatial and temporal scale analysis on the regional economic disparities in China. Geographical Research, 2005, 24(1): 57-68.
[徐建华, 鲁凤, 苏方林等. 中国区域经济差异的时空尺度分析. 地理研 究, 2005, 24(1): 57-68.]

[3] Yang Weimin. The empirical analysis of income gap's changes between regions. Review of Economic Research, 1992, (1): 70-74.
[杨伟民. 地区间收入差距变动实证分析. 经济研究. 1992, (1): 70-74.]

[4] Liang Jinshe, Kong Jian. Gini ratio and standard deviation: The difference of indicating regional disparity. Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science), 1998, 34(3): 409-413.
[梁进社, 孔健. 基尼系数和变差系数对区域不平 衡性度量的差异. 北京师范大学学报(自然科学版), 1998, 34(3): 409-413.]

[5] Liu Shucheng et al. (eds.). Regional Economic Development Study of China. Beijing: China Statistics Press, 1994.
[刘树 成等主编. 中国地区经济发展研究. 北京: 中国统计出版社, 1994.]

[6] Hu Zhaoliang. China's Regional Economic Disparities and Countermeasures. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 1997.
[胡兆量. 中国区域经济差异及其对策. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 1997.]

[7] Lu Dadao, Xu Fengxuan et al. China's Regional Development Report 1997. Beijing: The Commercial Press, 1994.
[陆大 道, 薛凤旋等. 1997 中国区域发展报告. 北京: 商务印书馆. 1998.]

[8] Liu Xuhua, Wang Jinfeng, Meng Bin. On China's spatio-temporal dynamics and imbalance of regional economy, Geographical Research, 2004, 23(4): 530-540.
[刘旭华, 王劲峰, 盂斌. 中国区域经济时空动态不平衡发展分析. 地理 研究, 2004, 23(4): 530-540.]

[9] Zhou Yucui, Qi Qingwen, Feng Canfei. Characteristics of dynamic variation of the inter-provincial economic difference in China in recent ten years. Geographical Research, 2002, 21(6): 781-790.
[周玉翠, 齐清文, 冯灿飞. 近10 年中国省 际经济差异动态变化特征. 地理研究, 2002, 21(6): 781-790.]

[10] Zhang Aiting. Empirical analysis of the relationship between China's regional economic disparities and economic development. Statistics & Information Tribune, 2002, (11): 77-79.
[张爱婷. 中国区域经济差异与经济发展关系及实 证分析. 统计与信息论坛, 2002, (11): 77-79.]

[11] Xu Yueqing, Jia Xiuli. The measurement and evaluation of regional economic development disparities in China in recent 20 years. Economic Geography, 2005, 25(5): 600-603.
[许月卿, 贾秀丽. 近20 年来中国区域经济发展差异的 测定与评价. 经济地理, 2005, 25(5): 600-603.]

[12] Hu Angang, Zou Ping. China's Social Development Gap between Regions Report. Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 2000.
[胡鞍钢, 邹平. 社会与发展: 中国社会发展地区差距报告. 北京: 气象出版社. 2000.]

[13] Zhou Minliang. Study on China's regional policy and regional differences. Management World, 1997, (1): 174-184.
[周 民良. 论我国的区域差异与区域政策. 管理世界. 1997. (1): 174-184.]

[14] Yan Xiaopei, Mao Jiangxing, Pu Jun. Research on the human dimensions of land use changes in the mega-urban region: A case study of the Pearl River Delta. Acta Geogarphica Sinica, 2006, 61(6): 613-623.
[阎晓培, 毛蒋兴, 普军. 巨型城市区域土地利用变化的人文因素分析. 地理学报, 2006, 61(6): 613-623.]

[15] Pu Yingxia, Ge Ying, Ma Ronghua et al. Analyzing regional economic disparities based on ESDA. Geographical Research, 2005. 25(4): 965-974.
[蒲英霞, 葛莹, 马荣华等. 基于ESDA 的区域经济空间差异分析. 地理研究, 2005, 25(4): 965-974.]

[16] Meng Bin, Wang Jinfeng, Zhang Wenzhong et al. Evaluation of regional disparity in China based on spatial analysis. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 2005, 25(4): 393-400.
[孟斌, 王劲锋, 张文忠等. 基于空间分析方法的中国区域差异研 究. 地理科学, 2005, 25(4): 393-400.]

[17] Masahisa Fujita, Dapeng Hu. Regional disparity in China 1985-1994: The effects of globalization and economic liberalization. Regional Science, 2001, 35: 3-37.

[18] Zhou Qinghang, Gao Qian, Ding Congming et al. China's economic growth "club convergence" analysis. Productivity Research, 2006, (8): 8-10.
[周庆行, 高倩, 丁从明等. 中国经济增长的" 俱乐部收敛" 现象分析. 生产力研究, 2006, (8): 8-10.]

[19] Chen Liangwen, Yang Kaizhong. Causes of China's regional disparity: View from factor mobility and agglomeration economy. Modern Economic Science, 2007, 29(3): 35-42.
[陈良文, 杨开忠. 我国区域经济差异变动的原因: 一个要 素流动和集聚经济的视角当代经济科学, 2007, 29(3): 35-42.]