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Received date: 2007-06-27

  Revised date: 2007-11-26

  Online published: 2008-04-25

Supported by

National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40471032


Total factor productivity is a basic index reflecting the quality of economic growth and the rate of technical progress in a country or a region. Adopting the Solow's Residual Method and the C-D production function, this paper estimates tourism total factor productivity (TTFP) growth rates and identifies sources of tourism economic growth for the period from 1992 to 2005 in China and its 30 provinces (municipalities or regions) except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan). Based on it, this paper analyzes the causality between TTFP and tourism economic growth, then classifies the tourism growth patterns of 30 provinces into five categories according to the contribution of TTFP to tourism economic growth, and finally discusses the divergence of TTFPs and tourism economic growth rates among 30 provinces. The main conclusions are as follows. (1) The Chinese tourism industry belongs to an obvious factor-driven economy with cheap labor forces contributed 63.69% to the total economic growth. (2) The average growth rate of TTFP is slightly positive by 2.91% during the sample period thanks to the effect of tourism education, encouraging policy, and better information provision, but may be hampered by the inadequate infrastructure investment and investment inefficiency. (3) Tourism technical progress is a sufficient but not a necessary condition for tourism growth, and the improvement of tourism technical progress is irrelevant to region's economic level, nor to its geographic location due to the enclave tourism model and the special trait of tourism that tourist attractions are "fixed" in geographic location. (4) There is obvious and ever enlarging divergence among provinces in tourism growth pattern and TTFP growth rate. If it continues, the provincial tourism developing level will be even more unbalanced in the future. But it will be helpful for the laggards to obtain higher TTFP growth rate by enhancing the public services system.

Key words: null

Cite this article

ZUO Bing, BAO Jigang . null[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2008 , 63(4) : 417 -427 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200804006


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