Impact Assessment of Cultivated Land Change upon Gr ain Productive Capacity in Nor theast China

  • Key Laboratory of Resources Remote-Sensing & Digital Agriculture of Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Resources & Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China

Received date: 2007-06-25

  Revised date: 2007-10-31

  Online published: 2008-06-25

Supported by

Special Social Commonweal Research Programs of MOST, No.2004DIB3J092


It is of great significance to research the changing patterns of current regional cultivated land and explore its impact on grain productivity. "3S" technology can not only improve precision, speed and efficiency of data collection, but also obtain and manage various kinds of agricultural resource information with spatial attributes effectively, and monitor and assess the cultivated land dynamic change. This research is innovative in such aspects as research content, method and so on. Firstly, taking Northeast China as a study area, with the help of "3S" technology and on the basis of spatial and temporal land resource data, agricultural statistics data and considering the natural and socio-economic factors, this paper analyzed the impact of cultivated land change on the grain production capacity within this region in terms of cultivated land quantity, cultivated land quality, crop structure etc. Secondly, since the soil nutrient data obtained from field survey in 2005 differ greatly from the data obtained at the time of the second soil survey in the 1980s on the aspect of sample position, quantity, time and soil analytical method, this paper did not carry out comparative research with the cultivated land quality of the period of the second soil survey, but analyzed the spatial distribution of the change of the cultivated land quality caused by the change of cultivated land quantity. Thirdly, considering cultivated land quality is the comprehensive reflection of different properties of cultivated land, the elements of cultivated land quality include the natural factors and social-economic factors mainly. And the natural resources, cultural structure and social-economic conditions among different regions may vary greatly, thus the natural and social-economic factors will exert different effects on grain production in different regions, and this proves that it is important to manage cultivated land resources based on regionalization. In recent years, the peasants have increased the input amount on the cultivated land, such as fertilizer and mulch film, which resulted in different effects on cultivated land quality in Northeast China. Under the above-mentioned background, this paper analyzed cultivated land quality information in the concerned region. The method was to explore natural quality grading and utilizing quality grading on cultivated land respectively through natural quality grading and utilizing quality grading indicator systems. And then we divided the whole region into high-yield cultivated land, medium-yield cultivated land and low-yield cultivated land based on per unit area grain yield, and the correlation was analyzed between natural quality grading of land and per unit area grain yield as well as between utilizing quality grading of land and grain yield per unit area through GIS method. In a word, this paper can provide some help to sustainable utilization and management of cultivated land resource in the study and offer useful reference for the similar research in other regions.

Cite this article

SHI Shuqin, CHEN Youqi, YAO Yanmin, LI Zhibin, HE Yingbin . Impact Assessment of Cultivated Land Change upon Gr ain Productive Capacity in Nor theast China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2008 , 63(6) : 574 -586 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200806002


[1] Chen Youqi. Arable-land use change and its effects on the grain production in China. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2000, 16(6): 29-32.
[陈佑启. 我国耕地利用变化及其对粮食生产的影响. 农业工 程学报, 2000, 16(6): 29-32.]

[2] Brown Lester. Who Will Feed China? Wake-Up Call for a Small Planet. W W Norton for the World Watch Institute, New York, 1995.

[3] Turner II B L, Meyer W B, Skole D L. Global land use/land cover change: Towards an integrated study. Ambio, 1994, 23(1): 91-95.

[4] Turner II B L, Skole D, Fisher G L et al. (eds.). Land-use and land-cover change: science/research plan. IGBP Report No.35 and HDP Report No.7. Stockholm and Geneva, 1995.

[5] FAO. Guidelines for Land Use Planning. FAO Development Series 1, Rome, 1993.

[6] Dumanski J, Pieri C. Land quality indicators: Research plan. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 2000, 81: 93-102.

[7] Acton D F, Gregorich L J. Executive summary of the health of our soils toward sustainable agriculture in Canada. Research Branch: Centre for Land and Biological Resources Research, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada, 1996, (1).

[8] Gao Xiangjun, Ma Renhui. Research advances of gradation and evaluation of agricultural land in China. Transactions of the CSAE, 2002, 18(1): 165-169.
[ 高向军, 马仁会. 中国农用土地等级评价研究进展. 农业工程学报, 2002, 18(1): 165-169.]

[9] Ge Xiangdong, Peng Buzhuo, Pu Lijie et al. Variation in quality of cultivated land in the delta region of Changjiang River: A case study in Xishan City. Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin, 2002, 11(1): 47-51.
[葛向东, 彭 补拙, 濮励杰等. 长江三角洲地区耕地质量变化的初步研究. 长江流域资源与环境, 2002, 11(1): 47-51.]

[10] Yu Hai, Huang Jikun, Scott Rozelle et al. Soil fertility changes of cultivated land in eastern China. Geographical Research, 2003, 22(3): 380-388.
[俞海, 黄季焜, Scott Rozelle. 中国东部地区耕地土壤肥力变化趋势研究. 地理研 究, 2003, 22(3): 380-388.]

[11] Gao Zhiqiang, Liu Jiyuan, Zhuang Dafang. The dynamic changes of the gravity center of the farmland area and the quality of the farmland ecological background in China. Journal of Natural Resources, 1998, 13(1): 92-96.
[高志强, 刘 纪远, 庄大方. 我国耕地面积重心及耕地生态背景质量的动态变化. 自然资源学报, 1998, 13(1): 92-96.]

[12] Li Dan, Liu Youzhao, Li Zhiguo. Research of dynamic change of cultivated land quality: A case study in Jintan County, Zhejiang Province. Natural Resource Economics of China, 2004, 17(198): 22-25.
[李丹, 刘友兆, 李治国. 耕地质量动态变化实证研究: 以江苏省金坛市为例. 中国国土资源经济, 2004, 17(198): 22-25.]

[13] Zhang Qingli, Shi Xuezheng, Pan Xianzhang et al. Characteristics of spatio-temporal changes of soil fertility in Jintan County, Jiangsu Province. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 2004, 41(2): 315-319.
[张庆利, 史学正, 潘贤章等. 江苏省金坛市 土壤肥力的时空变化特征. 土壤学报, 2004, 41(2): 315-319.]

[14] Chen Baiming. Outline of monitoring of cultivated land quality in Canada. Resources Science, 1996, 18(2): 77-80.
[陈 百明. 加拿大耕地质量监测概述. 资源科学, 1996, 18(2): 77-80.]

[15] Wu Yupeng. Research design of monitoring system of cultivated land quality based on achievement of agricultural land grade. Guide Journal of National Land Resources, 2004, (2): 14-16.
[伍育鹏. 基于农用地分等成果的耕地质量动态 监测体系研究设计. 国土资源导刊, 2004, (2): 14-16.]

[16] Yan Guoqiang, Yang Yang. Research of dynamic monitoring of cultivated land quality. Information of National Land Resources, 2005, (3): 41-43.
[颜国强, 杨洋. 耕地质量动态监测初探. 国土资源情报, 2005, (3): 41-43.]

[17] Xu Mengjie, Qu Futian. A study on the changing pattern of structural quality of cultivated land in Jiangsu Province. System Sciences and Comprehensive Studies in Agriculture, 2003, 19(1): 50-55.
[徐梦洁, 曲福田. 耕地结构性质量变 化模式研究. 农业系统科学与综合研究, 2003, 19(1): 50-55.]

[18] Gordon Purvis, Abdoulla Fadl. The influence of cropping rotations and soil cultivation practice on the population ecology of carabids (Coleoptera Carabidae) in arable land. Pedobiologia, 2002, 46: 452-474.

[19] Gerowitt B, Isselstein J, Marggraf R. Rewards for ecological goods: Requirements and perspectives for agricultural land use. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 2003, 98: 541-547.

[20] Semwal R L, Nautiyal S, Sen K K et al. Patterns and ecological implications of agricultural land-use changes: A case study from central Himalaya, India. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 2004, 102: 81-92.

[21] Hengsdijk H, M K van Ittersum. Formalizing agro-ecological engineering for future-oriented land use studies. Europ. J. Agronomy, 2003, 19: 549-562

[22] Mün ier B, Birr Pedersen K, Schou J S. Combined ecological and economic modelling in agricultural land use scenarios. Ecological Modelling, 2004, 174: 5-18.

[23] He Yanfen, Zhang Bai, Ma Chaoqun. Dynamic change of cultivated land and its impact on grain-production in Jilin Province. Resources Science, 2004, 26(4): 119-125.
[何艳芬, 张柏, 马超群. 吉林省耕地动态变化及其对粮食生产的 影响. 资源科学, 2004, 26(4): 119-125.]

[24] Shao Xiaomei. An analysis on the effect of regional land use change on grain production: A case study in Shandong Province. Progress in Geography, 2003, 22(1): 30-37.
[邵晓梅. 区域土地利用变化及其对粮食生产影响分析: 以山东 省为例. 地理科学进展, 2003, 22(1): 30-37.]

[25] Chen Youqi, Peter H Verburg, Tang Huajun. Modeling analysis of land use change and its effects on the grain production. China Land Science, 2000, 14(4): 22-26.
[陈佑启, Peter H Verburg, 唐华俊. 我国土地利用变化及其对粮 食生产影响的建模分析. 中国土地科学, 2000, 14(4): 22-26.]

[26] Chen Baiming, Zhou Xiaoping. Changes of agriculture resources and grain comprehensive productive capacity of China in recent years. Resources Science, 2004, 26(5): 38-45.
[陈百明, 周小萍. 中国近期耕地资源与粮食综合生产能力的 变化态势.资源科学, 2004, 26(5): 38-45.]

[27] Zhou Xiaoping, Lu Yanxia, Chen Baiming. Correlation of grain production and cultivation land resources changes in recent China. Journal of Beijing Normal University, 2005, (5): 122-127.
[周小萍, 卢艳霞, 陈百明. 中国近期粮食生产 与耕地资源变化的相关分析. 北京师范大学学报(社会科学版), 2005, (5): 122-127.]

[28] Fu Zeqiang, Cai Yunlong, Yang Youxiao et al. Research on the relationship of cultivated land change and food security in China. Journal of Natural Resources, 2001, 16(4): 313-319.
[傅泽强, 蔡运龙, 杨友孝等. 中国粮食安全与耕地资 源变化的相关分析. 自然资源学报, 2001, 16(4): 313-319.]

[29] Si Chenglan, Pu Lijie. Effect of regional land use change on grain production: A case study of Guangxi Autonomous Region. Rural Eco-environment, 2004, 20(2): 12-15.
[司成兰, 濮励杰. 广西土地利用变化及对粮食生产的影响. 农村 生态环境, 2004, 20(2): 12-15.]

[30] Hu Dechun, Li Xiansheng, Yang Ping. Compared study on the correlation of ASI method and conventional analysis method in the determination of available soil P, K, Cu and Zn in the soil in Xuancheng. Journal of Anhui Agri. Sci., 2007, 35(2): 477-478.
[胡德春, 李贤胜, 杨平. ASI 与常规方法测定土壤养分速效P、K、Cu、Zn 的相关性研究. 安 徽农业科学, 2007, 35(2): 477-478.]

[31] Shi Peng, Rui Xiaofang. Comparison and improvement of spatial rainfall interpolation methods. Journal of Hohai University (Natural Sciences), 2005, 33(4): 361-365.
[石朋, 芮孝芳. 降雨空间插值方法的比较与改进. 河海大学学 报(自然科学版), 2005, 33(4): 361-365.]

[32] Zhang Fengrong, Yun Wenju, Hu Cunzhi. The theory and application of the regulations of farmland grading. Resources Science, 2005, 27(2): 33-38.
[张凤荣, 郧文聚, 胡存志. 《农用地分等规程》的几个理论问题及应用方向. 资源科学, 2005, 27(2): 33-38.]

[33] Liu Ruiping, Wang Hongbo, Quan Fangyue. The contributing ratio of natural and social-economic factors to the quality of cultivated land. Chinese Journal of Soil Science, 2005, 36(3): 289-294.
[刘瑞平, 王洪波, 全芳悦. 自然因素与社会 经济因素对耕地质量贡献率研究. 土壤通报, 2005, 36(3): 289-294.]

[34] Liu Y S, Wang D W, Gao J et al. Land use cover changes, the environment and water resources in Northeast China.Environmental Management, 2005, 36(5): 671-701.

[35] Ni J, Zhang X S. Climate variability, ecological gradient and the Northeast China Transect (NECT). Journal of Arid Environments, 2000(46): 313-325.

[35] Gao J, Liu Y S, Chen Y F. Land cover changes during agrarian restructuring in Northeast China. Applied Geography, 2006, 26: 312-322.