The Distribution and Protection of the Geological Heritages in Xinjiang

  • College of Historical Culture and Tourism, Guangxi Normal University, Guiling 541001, China

Received date: 2005-07-17

  Revised date: 2006-01-10

  Online published: 2006-03-25

Supported by

Special Project of the Resources Compensation of Xinjiang, No.2004046


The development of protection on geological heritage reflects the gradual progress at home and abroad from the protection alone to coordination of protection and exploitation. In the geopark construction by UNESCO, geological heritage protection was closely combined with promotion of sustainable development of local economy, which has become the best way to protect the geological heritage. The geological heritages in Xinjiang are great in quantity, vary in type and excellent in grade. The complicated geologic-geomorphic environment decided the type and spatial distribution of the geological heritages in Xinjiang, where the main types are geologic/geomorpohologic landscapes and water landforms. The spatial distribution can be divided into five geological heritage provinces, i.e., the Altai, Zhunggar, Tianshan, Tarim and Kunlun-Altun, among which Tianshan and Kunlun-Altun are most important. According to the first systematical investigation of the geological heritage in Xinjiang, it is confirmed that poor coordination between protection and development is the basic reason for the falling behind situation in geological heritage protection. Six major protection steps are identified, that is, protection type, protection form, protection mode, protection grade, protection priority scheduling and protection zoning. At the same time the optimal-selection thought, which integrates geopark with geological heritage protection area and other dependent territories as well as five modes are put forward. Therefore, the protection and development reserve list of 209 important geological heritages in Xinjiang is constructed.

Cite this article

HUANG Song . The Distribution and Protection of the Geological Heritages in Xinjiang[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2006 , 61(3) : 227 -240 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200603001


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