Discrimination Method and Its Application Analysis of Regional Transport Superiority

  • 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Beijing 100101,China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China

Received date: 2007-12-20

  Revised date: 2008-05-18

  Online published: 2008-08-25

Supported by

Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40635026;Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40701045


Transport infrastructure has the inherent functions to shape the regional spatial structure and determine the accessibility of all the regions,which consequently formed into the spatial configuration with different transport superiorities. Based on the review of domestic and overseas research progress, this paper presented the concept of transportation superiority from three aspects- "quality", "quantity" and "field" to reflect the scale, technical level and relative advantage of transport infrastructure. Then the paper set up the expression structure for transport superiority degree, including transport network density, influence degree of transport trunk line and transport superiority degree of location. Moreover, this paper constituted the spatial m athem atical model to evaluate transport superiority degree at the county level by utilizing GIS technology. Based on the theoretical analysis and the spatial mathem atical evaluation model, this paper studied 2,365 counties in China to analyze the spatial patterns of transport superiority degree. This study reveals that, firstly, the distribution characteristic of transport superiority degree obeys the "partial normal distribution".Few regions,which m erely account for 1.4% of the total number of counties, have prominent transport superiority degree and the traffic environment in these regions is superior for social and economic development. By contrast, one eighth of all the regions have inferior transport superiority degree and the traffic environment there is poor and im pedes local social and econom ic developm ent.The rem aining regions, which are about 70% of the country's total area, have the middle level or barely better than the middle level in transport superiority degree. Secondly, the spatial characteristic show s that the transport superiority degree decreases gradually from coast areas to inland areas. The regions of the highest transport superiority degree centralize in the Y angtze River Delta, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Area, and Pearl River Delta. The regions of the second highest transport superiority degree concentrate in Chengdu, Chongqing, and Wuhan metropolises. How ever, the spatial distribution of the second highest regions is discontinuous and the coverage of these regions is relatively sm aller than the regions w ith the highest transport superiority degree. The provincial capitals and some high-density cities/counties/towns enjoy the third highest transport superiority and follow the same spatial patterns as the regions of the second highest transport superiority. Through the above analysis, we could recognize the spatial m echanism of transport infrastructure and better understand how to leverage the advantages or circuit/change the disadvantages of transport infrastructure in regional development. Also this research may provide scientific guidance to all kinds of planning activities.

Cite this article

JIN Fengjun, WANG C hengjin, LI Xiuwei . Discrimination Method and Its Application Analysis of Regional Transport Superiority[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2008 , 63(8) : 787 -798 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200808001


[1] Isard W .Location and Space Econom y.C am bridge,M ass.: M .I.T Press,1956.
[艾萨德W . 区位与空间经济. 麻省理工 学院出版社,1956.]

[2] Isard W .M ethods of R egional A nalysis: A n Introduction to R egional Science.C am bridge,M ass.: M .I.T Press,1967.
[艾 萨德W . 区域分析方法: 区域经济学导论. 麻省理工学院出版社,1967.]

[3] A lfred W eber, 1909. Theory of the Location of Industries (Translated by Friedrich C , 1929). C hicago: U niversity of C hicago Press,1929.
[韦伯A . 工业区位论(1909). 芝加哥大学出版社,1929.]

[4] Losch A .The Econom ics of Location.N ew H aven: Y ale U niversity Press, 1954.
[廖什A . 区位经济学. 耶鲁大学出版社,1954.]

[5] Edw ard J Taaffe. G eography of Transportation (2nd edn.). N ew Jersey: Prentice H all, 1996.
[塔夫E J. 运输地理学, 1996.]

[6] Jin Fengiun, W ang Jiao'e. R ailw ay netw ork expansion and spatial accessibility analysis in C hina: 1906-2000. A cta G eographica Sinica, 2004, 59(2): 293-302.
[金凤君, 王娇娥. 20 世纪中国铁路网扩展及其空间通达性, 地理学报, 2004,59(2): 293-302.]

[7] Jin Fengjun et al. Spatial im pacts of C hina's train netw ork behind its upgrading: 1995-2002. Journal of the C hina R ailw ay Society,2003,25(6): 1-7.
[金凤君. 铁路客运提速的空间经济效果分析. 铁道学报,2003,25(6): 1-7.]

[8] W ang Jiao'e, Jin Fengiun. N etw ork organization and spatial service system optim ization: B ased on analyzing the change of intercity passenger transport netw ork behind railw ay's upgrading.A cta G eographica Sinica,2005,60(3): 371-380.
[王 姣娥, 金凤君. 中国铁路客运网络组织与空间服务系统优化. 地理学报,2005,60(3): 371-380.]

[9] H an Zenglin, A n X iaopeng, W ang Li et al. D istribution and optim ization of container transportation netw ork in C hina, A cta G eographica Sinica,2002,57(4): 479-488.
[韩增林, 安筱鹏, 王利等. 中国国际集装箱运输网络的布局与优化. 地理学报,2002,57(4): 479-488.]

[10] W ang Fahui, Jin Fengjun, Zeng G uang. G eographic patterns of air passenger transport in C hina. Scientia G eographica Sinica,2003,23(5): 519-526.
[王法辉, 金凤君, 曾光. 中国航空客运网络空间演化模式研究. 地理科学,2003,23(5): 519-526.]

[11] C ao X iaoshu, X ue D esheng, Y an X iaopei. A study on the urban accessibility of national trunk highw ay system in C hina.A cta G eographica Sinica,2005,60(6): 903-910.
[曹小曙, 薛德升, 阎小培. 中国干线公路网络联结的城市通 达性. 地理学报,2005,60(6): 903-910.]

[12] W ang C hengjin,Jin Fengjun,Spatial evolvem ent of C hina international relation through analyzing aviation international netw orks.Econom ic G eography,2005,25(5): 667-672.
[王成金, 金凤君. 从航空国际网络看我国对外联系的空间演 变. 经济地理,2005,25(5): 667-672.]

[13] Jin Fengjun. A study on netw ork of dom estic air passenger flow in C hina. G eographical R esearch, 2001, 20(1): 31-39.
[金凤君. 我国航空客流网络及其地域系统研究. 地理研究,2001,20(1): 31-39.]

[14] C ao Y ouhui. O n the evolution m odel of the container port system . Scientia G eographica Sinica, 1999, 9(6): 485-490.
[曹有挥. 集装箱港口体系的演化模式研究. 地理科学,1999,9(6): 485-490.]

[15] C ao Y ouhui,C ao W eidong,Jin Shisheng.The evolution m echanism of the coastal container port system of C hina.A cta G eographica Sinica, 2003, 58(3): 424-432.
[曹有挥, 曹卫东. 中国沿海集装箱港口体系形成演化机理. 地理学报, 2003,58(3): 424-432.]

[16] W ang Jiao'e, Jin Fengjun, Sun W ei et al. R esearch on spatial distribution and service level of C hinese airport system . A cta G eographica Sinica,2006,61(8): 829-838.
[王姣娥, 金凤君, 孙炜等. 中国机场体系的空间格局及其服务水平. 地理学报,2006,61(8): 829-838.]

[17] W ang C hengjin.R egional im paction and evolution of express w ay netw orks in C hina.Progress in G eography,2006,25 (6): 126-137.
[王成金. 中国高速公路网的发展演化及区域效应研究. 地理科学进展,2006,25(6): 126-137.]

[18] W ang C hengjin. Evolution and developing m echanism of port distribution system in C hina. A cta G eographica Sinica, 2007,62(8): 809-820.
[王成金. 中国港口分布格局的演化与发展机理, 地理学报,2007,62(8): 809-820.]

[19] Zhang W enchang.The regional system and distribution of transportation hub in C hina. Econom ic G eography, 1990, 10 (4): 55-62.
[张文尝. 中国交通枢纽布局及其地域系统. 经济地理,1990,10(4): 55-62.]

[20] Leung C K .C hina: R ailw ay patterns and national goals.The U niversity of C hicago D epartm ent of G eography R esearch Paper 1980,195.
[梁志强. 中国的铁路发展模式与国家目标. 芝加哥大学地理系博士论文,1980.]

[21] W u C huanjun, Sun C henglie, D eng Jingzhong. The m ethod of investigation and reconnaissance of railw ay. A cta G eographica Sinica, 1955, 21(2): 155-164.
[吴传均, 孙承烈, 邓静中. 铁路选线调查方法的初步经验. 地理学报, 1955,21(2): 155-164.]

[22] Zhang W enchang. The distribution of transportation in industry base region. A cta G eographica Sinica, 1981, 36 (2): 157-170.
[张文尝. 工业基地交通运输布局问题. 地理学报,1981,36(2): 157-170.]

[23] W ang D erong,C hai Pingcheng.The D istribution of Transportation in C hina.B eijing: Science Press,1986.
[王德荣, 柴 评澄. 中国运输布局. 北京: 科学出版社,1986.]

[24] Lu D adao. The Theory and V alid A ppraisem ent of Industrial A llocation in C hina. B eijing: Science Press, 1990. 115-146.
[陆大道. 中国工业布局的理论与实践. 北京: 科学出版社,1990.115-146.]

[25] H an Zenglin, Y ang Y inkai, Zhang W enchang et al. The basic theory and life-circle pattern of traffic econom ic belt's developm ent and evolvem ent.Scientia G eographica Sinica,2000,20(4): 295-300.
[韩增林, 杨荫凯, 张文尝等. 交通 经济带的基础理论及其生命周期模式研究. 地理科学,2000,20(4): 295-300.]

[26] Zhang W enchang, Jin Fengjun, Fan Jie. The Transportation Econom ic B elt. B eijing: Science Press, 2002.
[张文尝, 金 凤君, 樊杰. 交通经济带. 北京: 科学出版社,2000.]

[27] Y ang W uyang,W ang Funian.R egional patterns of port construction condition in C hina. Econom ic G eography, 1983, 3(4): 293-298.
[杨吾扬, 王富年. 论中国港口建设条件的地域类型. 经济地理,1983,3(4): 293-298.]

[28] Jin Fengjun, W ang Jixian. R egional developing patterns of transportation and com m unication in C hina. Scientia G eographica Sinica,1998,18(4): 335-341.
[金凤君, 王辑宪. 中国交通通信基础设施的区域发展类型研究. 地理科 学,1998,18(4): 335-341.]