Spatio-temporal Evolution Process and Its Evaluation Method of Karst Rocky Desertification in Guizhou Province

  • 1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment,CAS,Chengdu 610041,China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry,Institute of Geochemistry,CAS,Guiyang 550002,China;
    3. Puding Comprehensive Karst Research and Experimental Station,Institute of Geochemistry,CAS and Science and Technology Department of Guizhou Province,Puding 562100,Guizhou,China;
    4. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China;
    5. Guizhou Education Institute,Guiyang 550003,China

Received date: 2008-08-20

  Revised date: 2008-12-28

  Online published: 2009-05-25

Supported by

Basic Research Program of China, No.2006CB403200;Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,No.KZCX2-YW-306; National Key Technology R&D Program,No.2006BAC01A09 and 2008BAD98B07


In this paper the spatial-temporal evolution processes of KRD land in Guizhou Province was analyzed mathematically by using 1:100000 scale digital-distribution maps of KRD land obtained by user-computer interactive interpreting method from Landsat images in 1986, 1995 and 2000. The following conclusions are obtained: (1) From 1986 to 2000, the change in total area of KRD land in Guizhou was not obvious, but the mutual transformation of different KRD types is extremely remarkable. (2) The change patterns of KRD land are divided into three kinds: simple change mode, continuous change mode and returned change mode, and characterized by continuous change mode. (3) The forward and reversion evolution processes coexist, with the ratio of the former to the latter being 82.29%, demonstrating that the situation is getting better partially and on the whole it is worsening. (4) The rate of the KRD evolution is 398.31 km2 per year, and the change rate of different type KRD land is inverse proportion to its degree of degradation. (5) The change frequencies of moderate and potential KRD land is highest and obviously higher than that of light KRD land. The regional characteristics of KRD spatial evolution and its influencing factors are analyzed, and some suggestions on comprehensive control of KRD land are put forward.

Cite this article

BAI Xiaoyong,WANG Shijie,CHEN Qiwei,CHENG Anyun,NI Xuebo . Spatio-temporal Evolution Process and Its Evaluation Method of Karst Rocky Desertification in Guizhou Province[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2009 , 64(5) : 609 -618 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200905010


[1] The Chinese Academy of Sciences. Some propositions on advancing the comprehensive control of karst mountain areas in Southeast China. Advance in Earth Sciences, 2003, 18(4): 389-492.
[中国科学院学部. 关于推进西南岩溶地区石漠 化综合治理的若干建议. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(4): 389-492.]

[2] Yuan Daoxoan. Rock desertification in the subtropical karst of south China. Z. Geomorph. N. F., 1997, 108(2): 81-90.

[3] Wang S J, Li R L, Sun C X et al. How types of carbonate rock assemblages constrain the distribution of karst rocky desertified land in Guizhou Province, PR China. Land Degradation & Development, 2004, 15: 123-131.

[4] Cao Jianhua, Yuan Daoxian. Karst Ecosystem Constrained by Geological Conditions in Southwest China. Beijing: Geology Press, 2005. 90-148.
[曹建华, 袁道先. 受地质条件制约的中国西南岩溶生态系统. 北京: 地质出版社, 2005. 90-148.]

[5] Wang Shijie, Li Yangbing. Discussion on the classification of karst rocky desertification in ecological constructions. Carsologica Sinica, 2005, 24(3): 192-195.
[王世杰, 李阳兵. 生态建设中的喀斯特石漠化分级问题. 中国岩溶, 2005, 24(3): 192-195.]

[6] Huang Qiuhao, Cai Yunlong. Hazardous assessment of karst rocky desertification in Guizhou Province: An application of the RBFN model. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2005, 60(5): 771-778.
[黄秋昊, 蔡运龙. 基于RBFN 模型的贵州省石漠化 危险度评价. 地理学报, 2005, 60(5): 771-778.]

[7] Xiong Kangning, Li Ping, Zhou Zhongfa et al. The RS and GIS Representative Study on Karst Rock Desertification. Beijing: Geology Press, 2002. 1-182.
[熊康宁, 黎平, 周忠发等. 岩溶石漠化的遥感—GIS 典型研究. 北京: 地质出版 社, 2002. 33-182.]

[8] Bai Xiaoyong, Xiong Kangning, Su Xiaoliang et al. The ecological effects of karst rocky desertification landscape. Carsologica Sinica, 2005, 24(4): 276-281.
[白晓永, 熊康宁, 苏孝良等. 喀斯特石漠化景观及其土地的生态效应. 中 国岩溶, 2005, 24(4): 276-281.]

[9] Li Ruiling, Wang Shijie, Zhou Dequan et al. The correlation between rock desertification and lithology in karst area of Guizhou. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2003, 58(2): 314-320.
[李瑞玲, 王世杰, 周德全等. 贵州岩溶地区岩性与土地石漠 化的相关分析. 地理学报, 2003, 58(2): 314-320.]

[10] Bai Xiaoyong, Xiong Kangning, Li Yangbing, et al. Quantitative research of the space dependence of different grades rocky desertification and the factor of population in karst mountain area. Journal of Mountain Science, 2006, 24(2): 242-248.
[白晓永, 熊康宁, 李阳兵等. 岩溶山区不同强度石漠化与人口因素空间差异性的定量研究. 山地学报, 2006, 24(2): 242-248.]





[15] Hu Baoqing, Jiang Shufang, Liao Chimei et al. TUPU Analysis on driving mechanism of Guangxi karst rocky desertification based on 3S technique. Journal of Mountain Science, 2006, 24(2): 234-241.
[胡宝清, 蒋树芳, 廖赤眉 等. 基于3S 技术的广西喀斯特石漠化驱动机制图谱分析. 山地学报, 2006, 24(2): 234-241.]

[16] Hu Baoqing, Liao Chimei, Yan Zhiqiang et al. Diving mechanism diagnosis of karst rocky desertification in Du'an Yao Autonomous County of Guangxi based on RS and GIS. Journal of Mountain Science, 2004, 22(5): 583-590.
[胡宝清, 廖赤眉, 严志强等. 基于RS 和GIS 的喀斯特石漠化驱动机制分析. 山地学报, 2004, 22(5): 583-590.]

[17] Wang Yu. On the desertification and genesis of karst stone mountain area in east Yunnan. Advance in Earth Sciences, 2003, 18(6): 933-938.
[王宇. 滇东岩溶石山地区石漠化特征及成因.地球科学进展, 2003, 18(6): 933-938.]

[18] Wan Jun, Cai Yunlong. Appling linear spectral unmixing approach to the research of land cover change in karst area: A case in Guanling County of Guizhou Province. Geographical Research, 2003, 22(4): 439-446.
[万军, 蔡运龙. 应用 线性光谱分离技术研究喀斯特地区土地覆被变化: 以贵州省关岭县为例. 地理研究, 2003, 22(4): 439-446.]

[19] Yang Shengtian, Zhu Qijiang. The rate of environmental degradation and natural rehabilitation in typical karst area of Guizhou. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2000, 55(4): 459-466.
[杨胜天, 朱启疆. 贵州典型喀斯特环境退化与自然恢复速 率. 地理学报, 2000, 55(4): 459-466.]

[20] Li Yangbing, Shao Jing'an, Yang Shaohua et al. The relations between land use and karst rocky desertification in a typical karst area, China. Environmental Geology, 2008, DOI 10.1007/s00254-008-1331-z.

[21] Clements F E. Plant Succession: An Analysis of the Development of Vegetation. Washington: Carnegie Institute, 1916, 1-512.