Relationship between Development of Coastal Dune Rock and Holocene Environmental Changes in South China

  • Geography and Quaternary Environment Institute,South China Normal University,Guangzhou 510631,China

Received date: 2009-04-17

  Revised date: 2009-06-21

  Online published: 2009-09-25

Supported by

Guangdong Natural Science Foundation, No. 7005836;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40871020


A correspondence was found between Holocene environmental changes and coastal dune rock development by comparing the features of the sea-level and climate changes in Holocene period with the ages, scales, and cemented styles of the dune rocks on South China coasts. The finding can well explain some unresolved problems in the previous researches on the coastal dune rocks in South China: (1) There was no dune rock that formed before 5000 aBP in South China because the dune rocks that formed before 5000 aBP were covered by the sea water rise in the late periods; (2) The dune rocks with ages of around 3000 aBP were widely seen in South China today because the coastal dunes were cumulated on a large scale at that time as a result of temperature fall since the end of Megathermal; (3) Medieval Warm Period was the main period for the aeolian dunes to be cemented into the coastal dune rocks in South China; (4) Lack of dune rock of less than 1000 a BP was due to the fact that the climate conditions in recent 1000 years were not suitable for the cementation.

Cite this article

WANG Wei,WU Zheng . Relationship between Development of Coastal Dune Rock and Holocene Environmental Changes in South China[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2009 , 64(9) : 1126 -1133 . DOI: 10.11821/xb200909010


[1] Wu Zheng, Wang Wei. The characteristics and the development model of dune rocks on South China coasts. Quaternary Sciences, 1990, (4): 334-343.
[吴正, 王为. 华南海岸沙丘岩的成因及发育模式. 第四纪研究, 1990, (4): 334-343.]

[2] Gardner R A M. Aeolianite. In: Goudie A S, Kenneth, P. Chemical Sediments and Geomorphology. London: Academic Press, 1983. 265-300.

[3] Brooke B. The distribution of carbonate eolianite. Earth-Science Reviews, 2001, 55: 135-164.

[4] Bird E Eolianite. In: Maurice L Schwartz (eds.). Encyclopedia of Coastal Science 5. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2005: 426-428.

[5] Bi Fuzhi, Yuan Youshen. A preliminary study on the periods of coastal elevation and subsidence along the southeast coast of china in the past 5000 years or more. Science in China: Series B, 1987, (4): 429-440.
[毕福志, 袁又申. 闽粤沿海近五千年来海岸升降周期的初步研究. 中国科学: B辑, 1987, (4): 429-440.]

[6] Zhao Xitao, Sha Qing'an, Goldsmith V et al. Carbonate eolianites in Putian, Fujian (I). Science in China: Series B, 1988, (11): 1196-1205.
[赵希涛, 沙庆安, Goldsmith V 等. 福建葡田海岸沙丘岩(I). 中国科学: B辑, 1988, (11): 1196-1205.]

[7] Wang Jianhua. Characteristics of dune rocks in the South China coast and their differences from beach rocks. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 1997, 15(1): 104-110.
[王建华. 华南海岸沙丘岩的特征及其与海滩岩的区别. 沉积学报, 1997, 15(1): 104-110.]

[8] Ye Zhizheng, Zhang Bingshu, Han Ruichun et al. A new discovery on Shidao Island of Xisha Archipelago: Eolianite (eolian calcarenite) and fossil soils. Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology, 1984, 4(1): 1-10.
[业治铮, 张明书, 韩春瑞 等. 西沙石岛风成石灰岩和化石土壤的发现及其意义. 海洋地质与第四纪地质, 1984, 4(1): 1-10.]

[9] Wu Zheng, Wu Kegang. Sedimentary structure and developing model of coastal dunes along the northeastern coast of Hainan Island, China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1987, 42(2): 129-141.
[吴正, 吴克刚. 海南岛东北部海岸沙丘的沉积构造特征及发育模式. 地理学报, 1987, 42(2): 129-141.]

[10] Xu Qihao, Feng Yanji. Effect of newer and older carbonate 14C dates and possible real ages of dune rocks in Shidao Island, Xisha Archipelago. Scientia Geologica Sinica, 1992, (suppl.): 286-294.
[徐启浩, 冯炎基. 新碳、老碳对14C年龄的影响及石岛沙丘岩的可能实际年龄. 地质科学, 1992, (增刊): 286-294.]

[11] Wu Zheng, Wu Kegang, Huang Shan. Research on the Landforms of the Wind-drift Sand in South China Coast. Beijing: Science Press, 1995: 53-56.
[吴正, 吴克刚, 黄山. 华南海岸风沙地貌研究. 北京: 科学出版社, 1995: 53-56.]

[12] Zhang Jingwen, Li Guiying, Zhao Xitao. Chronological study on the late Quaternary stratigraphy and neotectonic movement along the coastal area of south Fujian and east Guangdong. Seismology and Geology, 1982, 4(3): 27-36.
[张景文, 李桂英, 赵希淘. 闽南粤东沿海第四纪地层与新构造运动的年代学研究. 地震地质, 1982, 4(3): 27-36.]

[13] Xie Zaituan, Chen Feng, Liu Weikun et al. Fujian Holocene beach rock and the sea level changes. Taiwan Strait, 1993, 2(1): 61-69.
[谢在团, 陈峰, 刘维坤 等. 福建全新世海滩岩与海平面变化. 台湾海峡, 1983, 2(1): 61-69.]

[14] Zhu Yuanzhi. A preliminary study on the dune rock of Shidao Island, Xisha Islands and Hainan Island. Tropical Oceanology, 1984, 3(3): 64-72.
[朱袁智. 西沙石岛和海南岛沙丘岩初探. 热带海洋, 1984, 3(3): 64-72.]

[15] Zhang Zhongying, Liu Ruihua. The Holocene along the coast of Hainan Island. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 1987, 7 (2): 129-138.
[张仲英, 刘瑞华. 海南岛沿海的全新世. 地理科学, 1987, 7(2): 129-138.]

[16] Xu Qihao, Peng Chengguang, Wang Yexin et al. A preliminary study on the Holocene dune rock in Dahao Peninsula, Guangdong. Tropical Geography, 1987, 7(1): 32-42.
[徐起浩, 彭承光, 王业新 等. 汕头广澳达濠半岛全新世沙丘岩初探. 热带地理, 1987, 7(1): 32-42.]

[17] Liu Yixuan, Discovery of Holocene aeolian-deluvium dune rock at Shantou Guangao: Discussion on types of Holocene calcicemented clasolite along the coast of Southeast China. Tropical Oceanology, 1987, 6(4): 1-9.
[刘以宣. 汕头广澳全新世风坡积沙丘岩的发现: 兼论东南沿海全新世碳酸盐胶结碎屑岩的类型. 热带海洋, 1987, 6(4): 1-9.]

[18] Wang Jianhua, Ye Erkang. A discussion on some characteristics of Holocene carbonate cemented rocks along the coasts from southeastern Fujian to eastern Guangdong. Guangdong Geology, 1990, 5(1): 69-77.
[王建华, 叶尔康. 闽东南—粤东沿海一些全新世碳酸盐胶结岩的特征探讨. 广东地质, 1990, 5(1): 69-77.]

[19] Li Pingri. Analysis of Holocene aeolian bio-fragment sand-stones on South China coasts and their formation conditions. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 1991, 13(2): 221-229.
[李平日. 华南沿海全新世风成贝屑岩及其形成条件分析. 海洋学报, 1991, 13(2): 221-229.]

[20] Ye Zhizheng, He Qixiang, Zhang Mingshu et al. The sedimentary structures and the facies model of the late Pleistocene eolian biocalcarenites in Shidao Island of Xisha Archipelago. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica, 1985, 3(1): 1-15.
[业治铮, 何起祥, 张明书 等. 西沙石岛晚更新世风成生物砂屑灰岩的沉积构造和相模式. 沉积学报, 1985, 3(1): 1-15.]

[21] Curran H A. Ichnology of Holocene carbonate eolianites of the Bahamas//Abegg F E. Modern and Ancient Carbonate Eolianites: Sedimentology, Sequence Stratigraphy, and Diagenesis. SEPM Special Publication No.71, 2001: 47-56.

[22] Blay C T, Longman M W. Stratigraphy and sedimentology of Pleistocene and Holocene carbonates, Kaua'I, Hawai'I, U.S.A.//Abegg F E, Harris P, Loop D B. Moden and Ancient Carbonate Eolianites: Sedimentology, Sequence Stratigraphy, and Diagenesis. SEPM Special Publication No.71, 2001. 93-115.

[23] Wu Zheng. Sea level changes since the late Pleistocene in the north of South China Sea. Tropical Geomorphology, 1985, 6(2): 8-18.
[吴正. 南海北部晚更新世以来的海平面变化. 热带地貌, 1985, 6(2): 8-18.]

[24] Huang Zhenguo, Li Pingri, Zhang Zhongying at al. Zhujiang Delta: Formation, Development and Evolution. Guangzhou: The Guangzhou Branch of Popular Science Press, 1982: 150-163.
[黄镇国, 李平日, 张仲英 等. 珠江三角洲形成发育演变. 广州: 科学普及出版社广州分社, 1982: 150-163.]

[25] Li Pingri, Qiao Pengnian, Zheng Honghan et al. The Environment Evolution of the Zhujiang Delta in the Last 10000 Years. Beijing: China Ocean Press, 1991: 1-155.
[李平日, 乔彭年, 郑洪汉 等. 珠江三角洲一万年来环境演变. 北京: 海洋出版社, 1991: 1-155.]

[26] Wen Xiaosheng, Peng Zicheng, Zhao Huanting. Advance in study on the Holocene climate evolution in China. Advance in Earth Sciences, 1994, 14 (3): 292-298.
[温孝胜, 彭子成, 赵焕庭. 中国全新世气候演变研究的进展. 地球科学进展, 1999, 14(3): 292-298.]

[27] Xu Hai. Advance in research on the Holocene climate fluctuations. Geology-Geochemistry, 2001, 29(2): 9-16.
[徐海. 中国全新世气候变化研究进展. 地质地球化学, 2001, 29(2): 9-16.]

[28] Wang Shaowu, Gong Daoyi. Climate in China during the four special periods in Holocene. Progress in Natural Science, 2000, 10(4): 325-332.
[王绍武, 龚道溢. 全新世几个特征时期的中国气温. 自然科学进展, 2000, 10(4): 325-332.]

[29] Hafsten U. A sub-division of the late Pleistocene period on a synchronous basis, intended for global and universal usage. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology, 1970, 7(4): 279-296.

[30] Nilsson T. The Pleistocene: Geology and Life in the Quaternary Ice Age. Stuttart, Germany: Ferdinand Enke Verlag, 1983. 526-532.

[31] Wright H E Jr. The dynamic nature of Holocene vegetation, a problem in paleoclimatology, biogeography and stratigraphic nomenclature. Quaternary Research, 1976, 6: 581-596.

[32] Yang Huairen. Quaternary Geology. Beijing: Higher Education Press, 1987.
[杨怀仁. 第四世纪地质. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 1987.]

[33] Shi Yafeng. The Climate and Environment in the Megathermal. Beijing: China Ocean Press, 1992: 1-211.
[施雅风. 中国全新世暖期气候与环境. 北京: 海洋出版社, 1992: 1-211.]

[34] An Zhisheng, Port S C, Wu Xihao et al. The variation of East Asian summer monsoon in Holocene optimum in middle and eastern China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1993, 38 (14): 1302-1305.
[安芷生, 波特 S C, 吴锡浩 等. 中国中、东部全新世气候最宜期与东亚夏季风变迁. 科学通报, 1993, 38(14): 1302-1305.]

[35] Yokohama. Climate change and ancient civilization before 3500 years. Geographic Translation, 1988, (4): 37-44.
[铃木秀夫. 3500年前的气候变迁与古文明. 地理译报, 1988, (2): 37-44.]

[36] Wang Ying, Zhu Dakui. An approach on the formation causes of coastal sand dunes. Journal of Desert Research, 1987, 7(3): 30-40.
[王颖, 朱大奎. 海岸沙丘成因的探讨. 中国沙漠, 1987, 7(3): 30-40.]

[37] Scoffin T P, Stoddart D R. Beach rock and intertidal cements//Goudie A S, Kenneth P. Chemical Sediments and Geomorphology. London: Academic Press, 1983: 401-425.

[38] Fairbridge R W, Johnson D L. Eolianite//Fairbridge R W, Bourgeios J. The Encyclopedia of Sedimentology. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, 1978. 279-293.

[39] Kindler P, Davaud E. Recognizing eolianites in thin section: Review and case study, the lower Cretaceous chambotte formation, Saleve Chain, Southeastern France//Abegg F E, Harris P, Loop D B. Modern and Ancient Carbonate Eolianites: Sedimentology, Sequence Stratigraphy, and Diagenesis. SEPM Special Publication No.71, 2001: 47-56.

[40] Cao Jiaxin. Quaternary Geology. Beijing: The Commercial Press, 1983.
[曹家欣. 第四纪地质. 北京: 商务印书馆, 1983.]

[41] Hong Yetang, Hong Bing, Lin Qinghua et al. Subtropical high activity of western Pacific Ocean during the last 5000 years recorded in isotope time series of beat bog. Quaternary Sciences, 2003, 23(5): 485-492.
[洪业汤, 洪冰, 林庆华 等. 过去5000年西太平洋副热带高压活动的泥炭纤维素碳同位素记录. 第四纪研究, 2003, 23(5): 485-492.]

[42] Zheng Zhuo, Wang Jianhua, Wang Bin et al. High-resolution records of Holocene from the Shuangchi Maar Lake in Hainan Island. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2003, 48(3): 282-286.
[郑卓, 王建华, 王斌 等. 海南岛双池玛珥湖全新世高分辨率环境记录. 科学通报, 2003, 48(3): 282-286.]

[43] Wu Zheng, Liao Bingliang. The sand surface structure of remnant deposits on the continental shelf in the north of South China Sea and it environmental significance. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1992, 37(20): 1887-1889.
[吴正, 廖秉良. 南海北部外陆架残留砂表面结构及其环境意义. 科学通报, 1992, 37(20): 1887-1889.]

[44] Wu Zheng, Feng Wenke, Liao Bingliang. Papaeogeographic study in the continental shelf of the northern South China Sea during the last stage of the late Pleistocene. Acta Geographica Sinica, 1993, 48(6): 491-496.
[吴正, 冯文科, 廖秉良 等. 晚更新世末期南海北部陆架的古地理探讨. 地理学报, 1993, 48(6): 491-496.]