The Response of Water Level of Selin Co to Climate Change during 1975-2008

  • Tibet Institute of Plateau Atmospheric and Environmental Science Research, Lhasa 850001, China

Received date: 2009-09-28

  Revised date: 2010-01-08

  Online published: 2010-03-30

Supported by

National Natural Science foundation of China, No.40761005; China Meteorological Administration Infrastructural Project, No.CMATG2009MS11


An analysis is made about the response of Selin Co lake area change to climate change, based on RS, GIS and modern climate statistical methods with the aid of TM and CBERS remote sensing data from 1980-2008 as well as temperature, precipitation, the amount of evaporation, the biggest depth of frozen soil from 1975-2008 at the stations such as Shenzha, Bange and Anduo etc. Based on the digitized 1:100,000 topographic map in 1975 and through analyses of remote sensing data after the 1980s, it is found that water levels of Selin Co, Co'e and Yagen Co lakes present a distinct expanding trend in the past 30 years. In 2008, the water level areas of the above three lakes are 2196.23 km2, 279.24 km2, 103.07 km2, and they increase by 574.46 km2, 11.59 km2 and 68.13 km2 respectively compared to 1975. Moreover, Selin Co expands at a rate of 20%, with an average of 420 km2/10a, thus it has become the largest salty inland lake, exceeding the area of Nam Co lake in Tibet during the period 1999-2008. The main reasons for lake area expansion is the increase in snow/ice meting water under the background of global warming, followed by the increase of precipitation, decrease of the evaporation and degradation of permafrost.

Cite this article

BIAN Duo, BIAN Baciren, LA Ba, WANG Caiyun, CHEN Tao . The Response of Water Level of Selin Co to Climate Change during 1975-2008[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2010 , 65(3) : 313 -319 . DOI: 10.11821/xb201003006


[1] Wang Sumin. The principle and research advances of lake sediments//Zhang Lansheng//Study on Historical Evolution Law of Environment in China. Beijing: China Ocean Press, 1993: 22-31.
[王苏民. 湖泊沉积的信息原理与研究趋势//张 兰生//中国生存环境历史演变规律研究. 北京: 海洋出版社, 1993: 22-31.]

[2] Yu G, Harrison S P. Holocene changes in atmospheric circulation patterns as shown by lake status changes in northern Europe. Boreas, 1995, 24: 260-268.

[3] Qin Boqiang, Shi Yafeng, Yu Ge. The change of water level and its indicating significance of Asian inland lakes 18 ka BP and 6 ka BP. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1997, 42(24): 2586-2595.
[秦伯强, 施雅风, 于革. 亚洲内陆湖泊在18ka BP 及6kaBP的水位变化及其指示意义. 科学通报, 1997, 42(24): 2586-2595.]

[4] IPCC. Third Assessment Report: Climate change: Summary to Policymakers//Houghton J T, Meira F, Callander BA et al., 2002.

[5] Shi Xinghe, Li Lin, Wang Qingchun et al. Climatic change and its influence on water level of Qinghai Lake. Meteorological Science and Technology, 2005, 33(1): 58-62.
[时兴合, 李林, 汪青春等. 环青海湖地区气候变化及其对 湖泊水位的影响. 气象科技, 2005, 33(1): 58-62.]

[6] Bian Duo, Yang Zhigang, Li Lin et al. The response of lake area change to climate variations in north Tibetan Plateau during last 30 years. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2006, 61(5): 510-518.
[边多, 杨志刚, 李林等. 近30 年来西藏那曲地区 湖泊变化对气候波动的响应. 地理学报, 2006, 61(5): 510-518.]

[7] Zhuo Ga, Yang Xiuhai, Tang Hong. Effects of climate change on lake acreage in Naqu region. Plateau Meteorology, 2007, 26(3): 485-490.
[卓嘎, 杨秀海, 唐洪. 那曲地区气候变化对该区湖泊面积的影响. 高原气象, 2007, 26(3): 485-490.]

[8] Wu Yanhong, Zhu Liping, Ye Qinghua et al. The response of lake-glacier area change to climate variations in Namco Basin, central Tibetan Plateau during the last three decades. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2007, 62(3): 301-311.
[吴艳红, 朱 立平, 叶庆华等. 纳木错流域近30 年来湖泊—冰川变化对气候的响应. 地理学报, 2007, 62(3): 301-311.]

[9] Sun Honglie, Zheng Du. Formation, Evolution and Development of Tibetan Plateau. Guangzhou: Guangdong Science and Technology Press, 1998: 155-169.
[孙鸿烈, 郑度. 青藏高原形成演化和发展. 广州: 广东科学技术出版社, 1998: 155-169.]

[10] Shao Zhaogang, Zhu Dagang, Meng Xiangang et al., Characteristics of the change of major lakes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the last 25 years. Geological Bulletin of China, 2007, 26(12): 1633-1645.
[邵兆刚, 朱大岗, 孟宪刚等. 青藏 高原近25 年来主要湖泊变迁的特征. 地质通报, 2007, 26(12): 1634-1645.]

[11]色林错 12] Yang Rihong, Yu Xuezheng, Li Yulong. The dynamic analysis of remote sensing information for monitoring the expansion of the Selincuo Lake in Tibet. Remote Sensing for Land & Resources, 2003, (2): 64-67.
[杨日红, 于学政, 李玉龙. 西藏色林错湖面增长遥感信息动态分析. 国土资源遥感, 2003, (2): 64- 67.]

[13] Du Jun, Bian Duo, Bao Jianhua et al. Changes of pan evaporations and its impact factors over northern Tibet in 1971-2006. Advances in Water Science, 2008, 19(6): 786-792.
[杜军, 边多, 鲍建华等. 藏北高原蒸发皿蒸发量及其影 响因素的变化特征. 水科学进展, 2008, 19(6): 786-792.]

[14] Jin Huijun, Li Shuxun, Wang Shaoling et al. Impacts of climatic change on permafrost and cold regions environments in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2000, 55(2): 161-173.
[金会军, 李述训, 王绍令等. 气候变化对中国多年冻土和寒区环境的影响. 地理学报, 2000, 55(2): 161-173.]

[15] Li Lin, Zhu Xide, Wang Qingchun et al. Mapping and analyses of permafrost change in Qinghai Plateau using GIS.Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2005, 27(3): 320-328.
[李林, 朱西德, 汪青春等. 青海高原冻土退化的若干事实. 冰川冻土, 2005, 27(3): 320-328.]

[16] Shi Yafeng, Liu Chaohai, Wang Zongtai et al. Concise Glacier Inventory of China. Shanghai: Shanghai Popular Science Press, 2005: 89-100.
[施雅风, 刘潮海, 王宗太等. 简明中国冰川目录. 上海: 上海科学普及出版社, 2005:89-100.]

[17] Ren Jiawen, Qin Dahe, Jing Zhefan. Climatic warming causes the glacier retreat in Mt. Qomolangma. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 1998, 20(2): 17-18.
[任贾文, 秦大河, 井哲. 气候变暖使珠穆朗玛峰地区冰川处于退缩状态. 冰川冻土, 1998, 20(2): 17-18.]

[18] Pu Jianchen, Yao Tandong, Wang Ninglian et al. Fluctuations of the glaciers on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau during the past century. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2004, 26(5): 517-522.
[蒲健辰, 姚檀栋, 王宁练等. 近百年来青藏高原冰川的进退变化. 冰川冻土, 2004, 26(5): 517-522.]

[19] Zhang Tangtang, Ren Jiawen, Kang Shichang. Lanong glacier retreat in Nyainqêntanglha Range of Tibetan Plateau during 1970-2003. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2004, 26(6): 736-740.
[张堂堂, 任贾文,康世昌. 近期气候变暖念青唐古拉山拉弄冰川处于退缩状态. 冰川冻土, 2004, 26(6): 736-740.]

[20] Lu Anxin, Yao Tandong, Liu Shiyin et al. Glacier change in the Geladandong area of the Tibetan Plateau monitored by remote sensing. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2002, 24(5): 559-562.
[鲁安新, 姚檀栋, 刘时银等. 青藏高原各拉丹冬地区冰川变化的遥感监测. 冰川冻土, 2002, 24(5): 559-562.]

[21] Shi Yafeng. An Assessment of the Issues of Climatic Shift from Warm-dry to Warm-wet in Northwest China. Beijing: China Meteorological Press, 2003: 1-3.
[施雅风. 中国西北气候由暖干向暖湿转型评估. 北京: 气象出版社, 2003:1-3.]